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Bad Citizens

Edwin L. Battistella

in Bad Language: Are Some Words Better than Others?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172485
eISBN:
9780199788187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172485.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter focuses on American attitudes toward languages other than English, beginning with some history and case studies and moving forward to contemporary issues of English-only and bilingual ... More


Introduction: Navajo as Default

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of complexity arguments regarding second-language acquisition. It argues that this neglect of the role of reduction in language contact beyond ... More


Ethnology and Empire: Languages, Literature, and the Making of the North American Borderlands

Robert Gunn

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479842582
eISBN:
9781479812516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479842582.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Ethnology and Empire tells stories about words and ideas, and ideas about words that developed in concert with shifting conceptions about Native peoples and western spaces in the 19th-Century United ... More


The emergence of agentive systems in core argument marking

Marianne Mithun

in The Typology of Semantic Alignment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199238385
eISBN:
9780191716768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

It has been proposed that patterns of core argument categorization, sometimes termed ‘alignment’, are highly stable over time. Certain language families, however, show evidence of relatively recent ... More


Gradedness and Optionality in Mature and Developing Grammars

ANTONELLA SORACE

in Gradience in Grammar: Generative Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199274796
eISBN:
9780191705861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274796.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter highlights specific patterns of gradedness and optionality in the grammar of three types of speakers: monolingual native speakers, speakers whose native language (L1) has been influenced ... More


Local Vocals: Hawai’i’s Pidgin Literature, Performance, and Postcoloniality

Susan M. Schultz

in Close Listening: Poetry and the Performed Word

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195109924
eISBN:
9780199855261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195109924.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

To write in pidgin is to write in a language that has no standardized orthography. In the same way reading pidgin can be difficult even for native speakers who are unaccustomed to seeing pidgin words ... More


The Lingua Franca Mandate: “Englishnization”

Tsedal Neeley

in The Language of Global Success: How a Common Tongue Transforms Multinational Organizations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196121
eISBN:
9781400888641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196121.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter sets the stage with the dramatic announcement by Hiroshi Mikitani, CEO of Rakuten, informing his 10,000 employees, of which over 7,100 are Japanese nationals, that from that day forward ... More


Herrnhut

Nicholas Hope

in German and Scandinavian Protestantism 1700-1918

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269946
eISBN:
9780191600647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269943.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Looks at Herrnhut, ‘the Lord's keeping’, count Zinzendorf's first settlement (in English, ‘Moravians’), as a cheerful Protestant religion of the heart. It gave ordinary people in the town and the ... More


Coda: Naming the Legacy of Native Christian Missionary Encounters

Michael D. McNally

in Native Americans, Christianity, and the Reshaping of the American Religious Landscape

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834060
eISBN:
9781469606316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899663_martin.17
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

In closing, this book shows that each of its chapters has done much to complicate and open up our sense of past encounters between various Christian missionaries and various Native North American ... More


Women’s contributions to early American Indian linguistics

Raina Heaton, Eve Koller, and Lyle Campbell

in Women in the History of Linguistics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198754954
eISBN:
9780191816451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198754954.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter focuses on women who contributed significantly to American Indian linguistics before World War II. It highlights the lives, work, and impact of the influential scholars Mary Haas, Gladys ... More


Crossfire, Cactus, and Racial Constructions: The Chaco War and Indigenous People in Paraguay

René D. Harder Horst

in Military Struggle and Identity Formation in Latin America: Race, Nation, and Community During the Liberal Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034874
eISBN:
9780813038438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034874.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This chapter argues that the Chaco War had important consequences for indigenous people in both Bolivia and Paraguay that were involved in the war. Natives helped to shape the frontier and its ... More


Different Texts, Different Versions

Mark Z. Christensen

in Nahua and Maya Catholicisms: Texts and Religion in Colonial Central Mexico and Yucatan

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804785280
eISBN:
9780804787314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785280.003.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

The introduction presents the historiography of works revising the “Spiritual Conquest” and the important role of native language religious texts in understanding the natives’ role in evangelization. ... More


Media and the Making of a Buryat Public

Kathryn E. Graber

in Mixed Messages: Mediating Native Belonging in Asian Russia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501750502
eISBN:
9781501750533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501750502.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter clarifies why the Buryat cultural leaders pursue ethnonational visibility within the multicultural “Friendship of the Peoples.” It talks about the native-language media that have been a ... More


Anchors of Authority

Kathryn E. Graber

in Mixed Messages: Mediating Native Belonging in Asian Russia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501750502
eISBN:
9781501750533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501750502.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes the native language elite, the media personnel. It analyzes ethnographic examples from workplaces and homes that reveal how native-language journalists work within value ... More


Becoming Americanized?

Edward J. M. Rhoads

in Stepping Forth into the World: The Chinese Educational Mission to the United States, 1872-81

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789888028863
eISBN:
9789882207424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028863.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

From the very beginning, the possibility of cultural assimilation — that during their extend stay abroad the boys could become Americanized — was a concern to the promoters of the Chinese Educational ... More


The Mother Tongue

Stephanie Elizondo Griest

in All the Agents and Saints: Dispatches from the U.S. Borderlands

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469631592
eISBN:
9781469631615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631592.003.0018
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

What does it mean to be Mohawk today—especially given that so many traditions (hunting, fishing, fur trapping, basketry) have been compromised by outside influences (polluting industries, the drug ... More


Linguistic Justice for Europe and for the World

Philippe Van Parijs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199208876
eISBN:
9780191803284
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199208876.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In Europe and throughout the world, competence in English is spreading at a speed never achieved by any language in human history. This apparently irresistible growing dominance of English is ... More


Eliezer Ben-Yehuda

Florian Coulmas

in Guardians of Language: Twenty Voices Through History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198736523
eISBN:
9780191818646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736523.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Eliezer Ben Yehuda, whose native language was Yiddish, immigrated as an adult to Palestine, where he played a key role in the process of transforming what was largely a liturgical language once again ... More


Emergent Minority Publics

Kathryn E. Graber

in Mixed Messages: Mediating Native Belonging in Asian Russia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501750502
eISBN:
9781501750533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501750502.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at the political ramifications of native-language media. It examines emerging patterns of media participation in digital contexts, particularly the increasing participation of ... More


conclusion After the Quarrel

Larry F. Norman

in The Shock of the Ancient: Literature and History in Early Modern France

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226591483
eISBN:
9780226591506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226591506.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Voltaire sums up the guiding principles developed by the French defenders of the ancients: the necessity of reading the original work with sensitivity to the materiality of its native language; the ... More


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