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The Internationalization of European Armed Forces

Frédéric Mérand

in European Defence Policy: Beyond the Nation State

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199533244
eISBN:
9780191714474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533244.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Thanks to the integrated structures of the Atlantic Alliance and the growth of multinational interventions since the end of the Cold War, West European armed forces increasingly look like ... More


The Tools of Science: Dialectics and Children's Literature

Julia L. Mickenberg

in Learning from the Left: Children's Literature, the Cold War, and Radical Politics in the United States

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195152807
eISBN:
9780199788903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152807.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter takes as its point of departure the launch of the Soviet satellite, Sputnik, in 1957 and the subsequent passage of the National Defense Education Act, which, as part of its program of ... More


Between Citizens and the State: The Politics of American Higher Education in the 20th Century

Christopher P. Loss

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148274
eISBN:
9781400840052
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148274.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book tracks the dramatic outcomes of the federal government's growing involvement in higher education between World War I and the 1970s, and the conservative backlash against that involvement ... More


American gun rights: from national defense to self-defense

Justin A. Joyce

in Gunslinging justice: The American culture of gun violence in Westerns and the law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526126160
eISBN:
9781526138743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526126160.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Equally important to the development of American law, as well as the Western's imagination of gunslinging heroics, is the constitutional guarantee of gun possession, a guarantee explored in this ... More


Housing for Defense

Sarah Jo Peterson

in Planning the Home Front: Building Bombers and Communities at Willow Run

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226025421
eISBN:
9780226025568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226025568.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As the federal government began to release funds for the construction of ships, tanks, and airplanes at industrial centers, the promise of jobs not only sparked mass migrations and created boom ... More


The Market-To-Military Trend

in In Defense of Japan: From the Market to the Military in Space Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804700634
eISBN:
9780804775007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804700634.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter discusses the theme of this book, which is about the market-to-military trend in Japan's space policy. The book examines the range of systems Japan has and is developing with its space ... More


Dangerously Unstable

William J. Rust

in Before the Quagmire: American Intervention in Laos, 1954-1961

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813135786
eISBN:
9780813136844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813135786.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Divisions among the non-communist Lao politicians, a disciplined slate of Pathet Lao and leftist candidates, and the failure of Booster Shot to achieve its objectives lead to a May 1958 election ... More


“A Draft-Dodging Business”: Manpower Channeling, 1955–1965

Amy J. Rutenberg

in Rough Draft: Cold War Military Manpower Policy and the Origins of Vietnam-Era Draft Resistance

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501739361
eISBN:
9781501739378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501739361.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter explores the creation of anti-poverty programs that functioned through the military manpower procurement system. Military resources were tapped to fight the War on Poverty and the War on ... More


How to Tell a Permanent War Story

Joseph Darda

in Empire of Defense: Race and the Cultural Politics of Permanent War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226632896
eISBN:
9780226633084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226633084.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter returns to the Korean War to locate the genesis of the idea of defense. The architects of the war remade the American empire for an anticolonial age by designating its enemies ... More


The War Years

Joan C. Tonn

in Mary P. Follett: Creating Democracy, Transforming Management

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300096217
eISBN:
9780300128024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300096217.003.0015
Subject:
History, Political History

On February 10, 1917, Pauline Agassiz Shaw died at the age of seventy-six. Shaw's death brought sorrow and anxiety to Mary P. Follett and her partner Isabella Louisa Briggs. Shaw had provided seed ... More


Why Confusion? Why the Commune?

Peter Starr

in Commemorating Trauma: The Paris Commune and Its Cultural Aftermath

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823226030
eISBN:
9780823240920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823226030.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Historians have generally seen the French declaration of war against Prussia on July 19, 1870, as doubly determined. From its inception, the Government of National Defense took as its primary ... More


Introduction

Sarah Jo Peterson

in Planning the Home Front: Building Bombers and Communities at Willow Run

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226025421
eISBN:
9780226025568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226025568.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

During World War II, the city of Detroit played a key role in national defense. The hometown of one of the world’s manufacturing giants, Detroit was the site of the Ford Motor Company’s Willow Run ... More


The Judicial Power of the Purse: How Courts Fund National Defense in Times of Crisis

Nancy Staudt

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226771120
eISBN:
9780226771151
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226771151.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Congress and the president are not the only branches that deal with fiscal issues in times of war. This book focuses on the role of federal courts in fiscal matters during warfare and high-cost ... More


Government & The American Economy: A New History

Price V. Fishback

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226251271
eISBN:
9780226251295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251295.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The American economy has provided a level of well-being that has consistently ranked at or near the top of the international ladder. A key source of this success has been widespread participation in ... More


/ Surviving the Peace: Economic War, 1919–1922

Kathryn Steen

in The American Synthetic Organic Chemicals Industry: War and Politics, 1910-1930

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469612904
eISBN:
9781469614458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469612904.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter describes the conditions of the synthetic organic chemicals industry in the United States after World War I, with particular emphasis on the years 1919–1922. More specifically, it ... More


Channeling Womanpower: Maternalism and World War I Mobilization

Lynn Dumenil

in The Second Line of Defense: American Women and World War I

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631219
eISBN:
9781469631233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631219.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines women's voluntary associations' role in mobilization. It examining the Women's Committee of the Council of National Defense, the Young Women's Christian Association, the Woman's ... More


The Navy and Unification

in From Hot War to Cold: The U.S. Navy and National Security Affairs, 1945–1955

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804756662
eISBN:
9780804770965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804756662.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the issue of military unification. By 1944, the Army and the Army Air Forces strongly supported the unification of the services, while the Navy and Marine Corps firmly opposed ... More


Scaring Up Money for College: How the Politics of Crisis Set the Stage for Gender-Egalitarian Student Aid

Deondra Rose

in Citizenship By Degree: U.S. Higher Education Policy and the Changing Gender Dynamics of American Citizenship

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190650940
eISBN:
9780190867300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190650940.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

By providing substantial financial support for college students on the basis of need, the National Defense Education Act (NDEA) blazed a trail for gender parity in public support for college ... More


Empire of Defense: Race and the Cultural Politics of Permanent War

Joseph Darda

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226632896
eISBN:
9780226633084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226633084.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book tells the story of how the United States turned war into defense. The formation of the Department of Defense in the first years of the Cold War inaugurated an era of contradiction for the ... More


Devising “Constructive Peacetime Uses”

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

When World War I ended, the United States shut down its poison gas plants for a time. But General Amos Fries and the chemical industry vowed to fight the dismantling of the precious apparatus they ... More


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