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1 Introduction

Reinhard B. Neder and Thomas Proffen

in Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations: A cook book using the program DISCUS

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199233694
eISBN:
9780191715563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233694.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter gives a brief introduction into diffuse scattering and provides a discussion of disordered materials within the scope of this book.


Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations: A cook book using the program DISCUS

Reinhard B. Neder and Thomas Proffen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199233694
eISBN:
9780191715563
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233694.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

In recent years it has become apparent that merely knowing and understanding the average atomic structure is insufficient for comprehending material properties fully. Deviations from this average ... More


11 Refining disordered structures

Reinhard B. Neder and Thomas Proffen

in Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations: A cook book using the program DISCUS

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199233694
eISBN:
9780191715563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233694.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter deals with the subject of refining the model of a disordered material based on diffraction data. Three different methods are presented: Reverse Monte Carlo (RMC), refinement of the PDF ... More


Nanobiosensors

Tza‐Huei Wang, Kelvin Liu, Hsin‐Chih Yeh, and Christopher M. Puleo

in Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications: Microfluidics, Optics, and Surface Chemistry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199219698
eISBN:
9780191594229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219698.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter discusses and provides insight into state of the art nanobiosensors used in high sensitivity molecular analysis and detection. It begins with an introduction into the fundamental ... More


Preparation and Performance of Silver Nanoparticles

Tadaaki Tani

in Photographic Science: Advances in Nanoparticles, J-Aggregates, Dye Sensitization, and Organic Devices

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572953
eISBN:
9780191731266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572953.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In view of the fact that both Ag and AgX are face-centered cubic in crystal structure, the structure and preparation of regular (cubic and octahedral) and tabular AgX nanoparticles are compared with ... More


Spin-transfer torques and nanomagnets

Daniel C. Ralph and Robert A. Buhrman

in Concepts in Spin Electronics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568216
eISBN:
9780191718212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568216.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents simple ideas for understanding how spin-polarized currents can be used to exert spin-transfer torques in magnetic devices. The chapter reviews recent progress for measuring the ... More


Epilogue: A theory of crystallization?

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In molecular crystallisation there are no first-rate laws, very few second-rate laws and many third-rate laws. The first-rate laws of thermodynamics become in such a context third-rate laws because ... More


Photographic Science: Advances in Nanoparticles, J-Aggregates, Dye Sensitization, and Organic Devices

Tadaaki Tani

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572953
eISBN:
9780191731266
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572953.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book is composed of two parts: progresses in photographic science (Part I) and application of photographic science to new areas (Part II). Part I describes the accumulated knowledge of ... More


Processes for Photographic Sensitivity

Tadaaki Tani

in Photographic Science: Advances in Nanoparticles, J-Aggregates, Dye Sensitization, and Organic Devices

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199572953
eISBN:
9780191731266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572953.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The formation mechanisms and performance of Ag clusters (latent image centers) on AgX grains are described as reference for those of metal nanoparticles. On exposure to light, an electron and an ... More


Magnetic Small-Angle Neutron Scattering: A Probe for Mesoscale Magnetism Analysis

Andreas Michels

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198855170
eISBN:
9780191889547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855170.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book provides the first extensive treatment of magnetic small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). The theoretical background required to compute magnetic SANS cross sections and correlation ... More


Biodegradable nanocomposites based on poly(hydroxyalkanoates)

Narendra K. Singh and Pralay Maiti

in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers: Synthesis, Properties, and Future Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199581924
eISBN:
9780191728853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581924.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter aims at highlighting on recent development in preparation, characterization, properties, crystallization behaviors, thermal degradation, melt rheology, controlled biodegradation, and ... More


The Laws of Thermodynamics Tell You What Is and What Is Not Possible

Avelino Corma and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Avelino Corma, the distinguished research chemist explains why scientific discovery is difficult. He then explains how ‘molecular recognition’ is achieved in nanochemistry, how molecular design and ... More


Biotechnology with carnivorous plants

Laurent Legendre and Douglas W. Darnowski

in Carnivorous Plants: Physiology, ecology, and evolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198779841
eISBN:
9780191825873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779841.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

Several carnivorous plant families have been a source of medicine for centuries in many parts of the world. Research into their active ingredients have revealed that they include naphthoquinones, ... More


Magnetic Materials in Medicine and Biology

Kannan M. Krishnan

in Fundamentals and Applications of Magnetic Materials

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199570447
eISBN:
9780191813504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570447.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter provides a comprehensive introduction to magnetic materials in medicine and biology with emphasis on nanoscale magnetic particles tailored for imaging, diagnostics, and therapy. Topics ... More


Magnetic Sans of Nanoparticles and Complex Systems

Andreas Michels

in Magnetic Small-Angle Neutron Scattering: A Probe for Mesoscale Magnetism Analysis

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198855170
eISBN:
9780191889547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855170.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter provides an overview on the magnetic SANS of nanoparticles and complex systems, which include ferrofluids, magnetic steels, and spin glasses and amorphous magnets. The underlying ... More


Micromagnetic Simulations

Andreas Michels

in Magnetic Small-Angle Neutron Scattering: A Probe for Mesoscale Magnetism Analysis

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198855170
eISBN:
9780191889547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855170.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter we report the progress made in using full-scale micromagnetic simulations for the understanding of the fundamentals of magnetic SANS. These studies take into account the nonlinearity ... More


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