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SUMMARY OF PARAMETRIC IMAGE REGISTRATION

Jan Modersitzki

in Numerical Methods for Image Registration

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528418
eISBN:
9780191713583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528418.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter summarizes the techniques discussed so far in this book. The techniques are all based on the minimization of a certain distance measure, and the distance measure is based on image ... More


OPTIMAL LINEAR REGISTRATION

Jan Modersitzki

in Numerical Methods for Image Registration

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528418
eISBN:
9780191713583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528418.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter investigates the question of how to find an optimal linear transformation based on a distance measure. Popular choices for distance measures such as the sum of squared differences, ... More


Quantum and Classical Information and Entropy

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Here it is shown that quantum systems can be understood as information processors. Information and entropy are related quantities but also different, since the first is formal whilst the second is ... More


Introduction to information theory

Marc Mézard and Andrea Montanari

in Information, Physics, and Computation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570837
eISBN:
9780191718755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570837.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces some of the basic concepts of information theory, as well as the definitions and notations of probability theory that are used throughout the book. It defines the fundamental ... More


Complexity: A Necessary Condition

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In order to explain how the brain and also elementary organisms are able to refer to external things and processes we need to consider complexity. Complexity is a specific combination of order and ... More


A new causal power theory

Kevin B. Korb, Erik P. Nyberg, and Lucas Hope

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0030
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The causal power of C over E is (roughly) the degree to which changes in C cause changes in E. A formal measure of causal power would be very useful, as an aid to understanding and modelling complex ... More


Quantum information I

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Information is often considered classical in a definite state rather than in a superposition of states. It seems rather strange to consider information in superpositions. Some people would, on the ... More


The Role of the Information Channel in Visual Computing

Miquel Feixas and Mateu Sbert

in Advances in Info-Metrics: Information and Information Processing across Disciplines

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780190636685
eISBN:
9780190636722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190636685.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Around seventy years ago, Claude Shannon, who was working at Bell Laboratories, introduced information theory with the main purpose of dealing with the communication channel between source and ... More


Conclusions and Future Prospects

Masashi Sugiyama and Motoaki Kawanabe

in Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments: Introduction to Covariate Shift Adaptation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262017091
eISBN:
9780262301220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017091.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter summarizes the main themes covered in the preceding discussions and discusses future prospects. This book has provided a comprehensive overview of theory, algorithms, and applications of ... More


Prediction error minimization

Jakob Hohwy

in The Predictive Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The central mechanism for hierarchical perceptual inference is prediction on the basis of internal, generative models, revision of model parameters, and minimization of prediction error. This is the ... More


Surprise and misrepresentation

Jakob Hohwy

in The Predictive Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682737
eISBN:
9780191766350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682737.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter deals with a series of philosophical problems. Primarily, it is the problem of misrepresentation, namely how an account of perceptual content can make room for the possibility of ... More


Social Informatics: Get Connected or Die Tryin’

Vlatko Vedral

in Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815433
eISBN:
9780191917240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815433.003.0013
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Everybody knows a Joe. Joe is the kind of guy who was the most popular boy in class, head boy at school, the life and soul of the party, and whenever he needs something, it just seems to happen for ... More


The Metrics of Info-Metrics

Amos Golan

in Foundations of Info-Metrics: Modeling, Inference, and Imperfect Information

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199349524
eISBN:
9780199349555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199349524.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In this chapter I present the key ideas and develop the essential quantitative metrics needed for modeling and inference with limited information. I provide the necessary tools to study the ... More


Community structure

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A discussion of community structure in networks and methods for its detection. The chapter begins with an introduction to the idea of community structure, followed by descriptions of a range of ... More


Sand Reckoning: Whose Information is It, Anyway?

Vlatko Vedral

in Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815433
eISBN:
9780191917240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815433.003.0019
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In Chapter 9 we discussed the idea of a universal Turing machine. This machine is capable of simulating any other machine given sufficient time and energy. For example, we discussed how your fridge ... More


Quantum Schmuntum: Lights, Camera, Action!

Vlatko Vedral

in Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815433
eISBN:
9780191917240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815433.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Spring 2005, whilst sitting at my desk in the physics department at Leeds University, marking yet more exam papers, I was interrupted by a phone call. Interruptions were not such a surprise at the ... More


Back to Basics: Bits and Pieces

Vlatko Vedral

in Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815433
eISBN:
9780191917240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815433.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

The concept of information is so ubiquitous nowadays that it is simply unavoidable. It has revolutionized the way we perceive the world, and for someone not to know that we live in the information ... More


Communities

Ginestra Bianconi

in Multilayer Networks: Structure and Function

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198753919
eISBN:
9780191815676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198753919.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Multilayer networks have a mesoscale structure organized in multilayer communities, spanning different layers and often revealing important functional properties of the network. In this chapter the ... More


Surfing the Waves: Hyper-Fast Computers

Vlatko Vedral

in Decoding Reality: The Universe as Quantum Information

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198815433
eISBN:
9780191917240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815433.003.0016
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Who hasn’t heard of a computer? In a society entirely dominated by these transistor infested boxes there are probably only a few remaining isolated tribes in the Amazon or around the Kalahari that ... More


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