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Mutual Advantage

Russell Hardin

in Liberalism, Constitutionalism, and Democracy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290841
eISBN:
9780191599415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290845.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Theories of liberalism, constitutionalism, and democracy are mutual advantage theories. Liberalism is about arranging institutions to allow all of us to prosper in our own individual ways. Political ... More


Justice as Mutual Advantage

Matt Matravers

in Justice and Punishment: The Rationale of Coercion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295730
eISBN:
9780191599828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295731.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

‘Justice as mutual advantage’ theorists argue that moral norms are those that rational, self‐interested persons would accept in regulating the pursuit of their self‐interest. Taking David Gauthier's ... More


Liberalism, Constitutionalism, and Democracy

Russell Hardin

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290841
eISBN:
9780191599415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290845.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The central argument of this book is that liberalism, constitutionalism, and democracy, as well as, specifically, liberal constitutional democracy all work, when they do, because they serve the ... More


Afterword: Whether Agreed to or not

Russell Hardin

in Liberalism, Constitutionalism, and Democracy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290841
eISBN:
9780191599415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290845.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Sociologically, as explanatory theories, liberalism, constitutionalism, and democracy may yield compelling accounts of the political order of many societies. This follows if they serve the mutual ... More


Value Theory

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores Hume's value theory. It is argued that Hume does not lay out his value theory as a whole apparel for the body of his moral psychology. He makes points about values almost always ... More


Bleached Foundations

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Focuses on the development of justice‐based theory, predominantly after the publication of John Rawls Theory of Justice in 1971. After an overview of the concept of justice, it provides a critical ... More


Justice as Mutual Advantage?

Peter Vanderschraaf

in Strategic Justice: Convention and Problems of Balancing Divergent Interests

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780199832194
eISBN:
9780190213336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199832194.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Necessary and sufficient conditions are proposed for characterizing the general theory of justice as mutual advantage. Justice as mutual advantage has a distinguished history, but is thought to be ... More


Decent Reasoning

Albert Weale

in Modern Social Contract Theory

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198853541
eISBN:
9780191887963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853541.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

For much of his professional career, Barry was not a contract theorist, and he relies on a number of elements from Scanlon’s construction. His general approach is built on a distinction he sees in ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis: How a Colonial Prejudice Became an Essential Premise in the Most Popular Justification of Government

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces the role of “the Hobbesian hypothesis” in social contract theory by discussing how Thomas Hobbes introduced it. It defines the version of “the Lockean proviso” relevant to ... More


Contractual Reconstructions

Albert Weale

in Modern Social Contract Theory

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198853541
eISBN:
9780191887963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853541.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the twilight of utilitarianism contract theorist sought to respond to the problems that utilitarianism had thrown up. How successful were they? Our review of contract theory has shown that it is ... More


Reciprocity among “Decent Folk”

Nancy L. Rosenblum

in Good Neighbors: The Democracy of Everyday Life in America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691169439
eISBN:
9781400881314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691169439.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter talks about the principal defining characteristic of the democracy of everyday life: rough parity in give and take among neighbors. Reciprocity among “decent folk” fleshes out this facet ... More


Strategic Justice: Convention and Problems of Balancing Divergent Interests

Peter Vanderschraaf

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780199832194
eISBN:
9780190213336
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199832194.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This work presents a new analysis and evaluation, based upon an original game-theoretic analysis of convention, of the thesis that justice consists of systems of distinguished conventions. This ... More


Agency and Intervention: How (Not) to Fight Global Poverty

Ann E. Cudd

in Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199975877
eISBN:
9780199396917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199975877.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In order to figure out how to fight global poverty, we need to clarify why global poverty is such a bad thing. This chapter examines this question for both the poor and the non-poor. It argues that ... More


Is Happiness a Matter for Governments?: A Millian Perspective on Richard Layard’s “New Science”

Robert Sugden and Joshua Chen-Yuan Teng

in Policies for Happiness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198758730
eISBN:
9780191818653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758730.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics, Public and Welfare

Contributors to the happiness literature often presuppose that public policies ought to be designed to maximize happiness. This paper critically examines that presupposition, focusing on its role in ... More


The Hobbesian Hypothesis in Contemporary Political Theory

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

in Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that “the Hobbesian hypothesis” (the claim that the Lockean proviso is fulfilled: everyone is better off in a state society with a private property system than they could ... More


Basic concepts

Christoph Lütge and Matthias Uhl

in Business Ethics: An Economically Informed Perspective

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198864776
eISBN:
9780191896859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864776.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter clarifies the most fundamental concepts of business ethics. Business ethics problems are characterized as interaction problems emerging from the interdependence of at least two actors. ... More


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