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Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Neil Tennant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This account of rational belief revision explains how a rational agent ought to proceed when adopting a new belief — a difficult matter if the new belief contradicts the agent’s old beliefs. Belief ... More


Individual and Society: Claims and Responsibilities

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195388428
eISBN:
9780199866755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388428.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Islam

This chapter takes up the question of group rights, which is one of the four areas of contemporary international controversy over internationally recognized human rights. The concept of human rights ... More


Conclusion

JIMMY YU

in Sanctity and Self-Inflicted Violence in Chinese Religions, 1500-1700

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199844906
eISBN:
9780199949564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844906.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter is the conclusion of the book. It summarizes each chapter of the book and argues for a more nuanced understanding of Chinese religions.


Confessional Experiences: Giving Life and Controlling Death

Steven Heine

in Opening a Mountain: Koans of the Zen Masters

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195135862
eISBN:
9780199834297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195135865.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This section includes cases that depict a spiritual transformation through the experiences of confession or repentance, including the extreme example of self‐mutilation, as well as the realm beyond ... More


Spiritualized Symptoms

Frank Graziano

in Wounds of Love: The Mystical Marriage of Saint Rose of Lima

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195136401
eISBN:
9780199835164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195136403.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The practices of and circumstances conducive to mysticism are considered in their relation to psychopathology. The discussion begins with consideration of the relation between Rose and her mother, ... More


Varieties and Logics of Medieval Hostageship

Adam J. Kosto

in Hostages in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651702
eISBN:
9780191741999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651702.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter presents the variety of forms of medieval hostageship from across the whole period: unilateral and bilateral (exchange); open-ended and finite; true, where the hostage was turned over at ... More


Escaping the Front: Desertion, Dissembling, and Defection

Matthews James

in Reluctant Warriors: Republican Popular Army and Nationalist Army Conscripts in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655748
eISBN:
9780199949953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655748.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines serious breaches of discipline in both Nationalist and Republican armies. These threatened their systems of recruitment and their capacity to retain conscripted men within the ... More


Introduction

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter distinguishes logic as a theory of belief‐statics from our sought account of belief dynamics. The various kinds of belief change are classified. These are: surrendering, adopting or ... More


Global Conditions on Contraction

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter distinguishes among three different formal explications of a system of belief: axiomatic bases; logically closed theories; and a kind of system intermediate between those two, called a ... More


A Formal Theory of Contraction

Neil Tennant

in Changes of Mind: An Essay on Rational Belief Revision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199655755
eISBN:
9780191742125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655755.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is the heart of the formal theory. Mathematically rigorous definitions are provided of all the formal notions that have been gently introduced in the earlier discussion. The main data type of a ... More


Loyalism and Violence

T. K. Wilson

in Frontiers of Violence: Conflict and Identity in Ulster and Upper Silesia 1918-1922

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583713
eISBN:
9780191723056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583713.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the loyalist militants that sought to keep Ulster within the United Kingdom and Upper Silesia within the German Reich through participation in violence. It compares the ... More


Teenage Suicide Notes: An Ethnography of Self-Harm

Terry Williams

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177900
eISBN:
9780231542500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177900.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

"Picturing myself dying in a way I choose myself seems so comforting, healing and heroic. I'd look at my wrists, watch the blood seeping, and be a spectator in my last act of self-determination. By ... More


Female Genital Cutting (Circumcision/Mutilation)

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter analyzes a case involving a mother who brings her nine-year-old daughter to Dr D requesting that she be ‘circumcised’. The mother explains that she wants the procedure done for fear that ... More


Miracles and Mutilations

Steven Connor

in Dumbstruck: A Cultural History of Ventriloquism

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184331
eISBN:
9780191674204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184331.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The miraculous ‘speaking without tongues’ presents intriguing parallels and contrasts to the miracle of speaking in tongues and to the belief in profane or engastrimythic utterance. Central to the ... More


Basil II the Bulgar-slayer and the Blinding of 15,000 Bulgarians in 1014: Mutilation and Prisoners of War in the Middle Ages

Catherine Holmes

in How Fighting Ends: A History of Surrender

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693627
eISBN:
9780191741258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693627.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyses a very important aspect of the history of surrender: the question of the mass mutilation of prisoners of war. This is done by assesssing whether the blinding of all the soldiers ... More


Effective Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions for Self-Mutilation

Katherine Shepard, Tamara DeHay, and Brooke Hersh

in The School Practitioner’s Concise Companion to Health and Well Being

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195370591
eISBN:
9780199893508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370591.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

The expression of self-mutilation behaviors (SMBs) in children and adolescents is a frightening and, in some ways, puzzling phenomenon. SMB has been defined as the direct, deliberate, and repetitive ... More


The Body

Alexander Murray

in Suicide in the Middle Ages: Volume ii: The Curse on Self-Murder

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207313
eISBN:
9780191677625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207313.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, Social History

This chapter examines what people did after discovering a suicide, focusing on the corpse or the body. Whatever was done with the body had to be done with speed. Instant burials of suicides sometimes ... More


Fathers and Daughters

Elizabeth Archibald

in Incest and the Medieval Imagination

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198112099
eISBN:
9780191708497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112099.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Father-daughter incest was a disturbingly popular motif in medieval literature; it is the most common form of incest in extended medieval narratives. The oldest version is the late classical ... More


A Woman’s Vengeance: Fortiter.1

Jules Barbey D’aurevilly

in Diaboliques: Six Tales of Decadence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816696895
eISBN:
9781452952369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816696895.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This short story is set in Barbey’s native town of Valognes, which is located in Normandy, it takes place during the aftermath of Napoleon. It features a set of ex-soldiers of the Empire. This story, ... More


Honorable Mutilation? Changing Responses to Female Genital Cutting in Sudan

Ellen Gruenbaum

in Anthropology and Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374643
eISBN:
9780199865390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374643.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Female Genital Cutting practices (also known as FGM) are of several types—clitoridectomy, excision, infibulation, and reinfibulation—affecting women and girls in several African countries and other ... More


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