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Common Creativities

Kaira M. Cabañas

in Learning from Madness: Brazilian Modernism and Global Contemporary Art

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226556284
eISBN:
9780226556314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226556314.003.0003
Subject:
Art, Art History

The understanding of a shared source of creativity among the sane and insane came to the fore with the exhibition and collection of patients’ work in both France and Brazil in the 1940s. The visual ... More


The Cinema Intelligence Apparatus: Gregory Bateson, the Museum of Modern Art Film Library, and the Intelligence Work of Film Studies during World War II

Nathaniel Brennan

in Cinema's Military Industrial Complex

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780520291508
eISBN:
9780520965263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291508.003.0008
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter, by Nathaniel Brennan, discusses the efforts of the Museum of Modern Art Film Library to make use of captured enemy motion pictures on behalf of the federal government’s wartime ... More


The Slow Martyrdom of Alfred Barr

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0022
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter focuses on the professional difficulties of Museum of Modern Art director Alfred Barr, which began as early as 1937. Barr's position was never totally secure and authorities such as the ... More


Re-defining Modernism (1946–1953)

James King

in Roland Penrose: The Life of a Surrealist

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474414500
eISBN:
9781474421874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474414500.003.0012
Subject:
Art, Art History

This chapter details events in Roland Penrose's life from 1946 to 1953. Before the war, there had been a great deal of discussion about the establishment of a museum of modern art in London. Herbert ... More


Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Robert Sitton

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Iris Barry (1895–1969) was a pivotal modern figure and one of the first intellectuals to treat film as an art form, appreciating its far-reaching, transformative power. Although she had the bearing ... More


What to Show the World

Janna Jones

in The Past Is a Moving Picture: Preserving the Twentieth Century on Film

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041926
eISBN:
9780813043906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041926.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

During the 1920s through the 1940s, leaders in the film industry and some of the country's most powerful cultural institutions recognized cinema's potential as a nationalistic tool for boosting the ... More


Meanwhile, Back at the Library

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0023
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter focuses on Iris Barry's continued efforts to build the Film Library and its infrastructure during the late 1930s and early 1940s. In 1937 the library received a large deposit of films ... More


 What is a House?

Daniel A. Barber

in A House in the Sun: Modern Architecture and Solar Energy in the Cold War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780199394012
eISBN:
9780190274467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199394012.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

Amid the uncertainty of the wartime period, the experimental premise of the modern house intensified. Modern architecture came to be the subject of architectural publications speculating on the ... More


Museum Men

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0015
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter describes the two men who were most influential in Iris Barry's life after 1932. These were A. Everett “Chick” Austin, director of the Wadsworth Atheneum in Hartford, and Museum of ... More


The Museum Enlists

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0027
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter describes how World War II transformed the culture of the Museum of Modern Art and its Film Library. Programs and services of the Museum were placed on a wartime footing, from the film ... More


“The Master” and his Minions

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0025
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter focuses on the events of the 1940s. These include a trying encounter between Iris Barry and filmmaker D. W. Griffith. In 1939 the Film Library acquired some 400 Griffith films, mostly ... More


Previews

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0044
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter describes Iris Barry's role in creating the film library at the Museum of Modern Art. Barry was the film library's new curator while her husband John E. Abbott was the library's ... More


The Askew Salon

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0014
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter describes the Askew Salon that Iris attended in the 1930s. The Askew salon was a petrie dish of modernism, in which movers and doers in all the arts met to exchange ideas. It was through ... More


Settling In

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0017
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter describes how the founding of a film department at the Museum of Modern Art became Iris Barry's consuming interest after 1935. In the winter of 1934–35, Iris and Abbott conducted a ... More


Postwar Blues

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0032
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter focuses on Iris Barry's life as the war came to a close in 1945. Iris found herself confronted with a multitude of new challenges, including constant worries about money. Pressures for ... More


Mr. Rockefeller’s Office

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0028
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter details Nelson Rockefeller's appointment as the government's Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs at the outset of World War II. In its broadest aspects the Office of the Coordinator of ... More


Going Public

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0021
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter describes how the film library connected with the public. The first public film exhibitions of the Film Library in January 1936 were a disaster, failing to generate in audiences an ... More


New Work, Old Acquaintances

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0024
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter focuses on events from 1938–39. In the summer of 1938 Jimmy Ernst, the son of surrealist painter Max Ernst, was sent as a teenager to America to escape deportation to Germany from ... More


 Experimental Dwellings

Daniel A. Barber

in A House in the Sun: Modern Architecture and Solar Energy in the Cold War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780199394012
eISBN:
9780190274467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199394012.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

By the late 1940s, the basic affinity of solar-based energy efficiency with the development of modern houses was clear. As with modern architecture in general, experiments in solar house heating ... More


Abbott’s Fall

Robert Sitton

in Lady in the Dark: Iris Barry and the Art of Film

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231165785
eISBN:
9780231537148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231165785.003.0033
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter describes the deterioration of Dick Abbott's health and his position at the Museum of Modern Art. As 1947 drew to a close Abbott missed work during the last half of the year and could ... More


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