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Integrated Models of Driver Behavior

Dario D. Salvucci

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

As cognitive architectures continue to move forward toward more truly “unified theories of cognition,” integration has played and will continue to play a key role in their development. At least two ... More


Routines

Billy Ehn and Orvar Löfgren

in The Secret World of Doing Nothing

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520262614
eISBN:
9780520945708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262614.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

Routines may be seen as something that induces lack of initiative and flexibility. This chapter focuses on various routines that people tend to follow in their day-to-day life. It opens with a ... More


The People We Become: The Cost of Being Always On

NAOMI S. BARON

in Always On: Language in an Online and Mobile World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195313055
eISBN:
9780199871094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313055.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Beyond the effects that contemporary media may be having upon our language, we need to think about whether computers and mobile phones are impacting the social fabric as well. Since the early days of ... More


Controlling the Volume: Everyone a Language Czar

NAOMI S. BARON

in Always On: Language in an Online and Mobile World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195313055
eISBN:
9780199871094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313055.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter discusses how language technology is used to control the volume of interpersonal communication. It examines a range of language technologies that have increasingly empowered individuals ... More


Rostral Prefrontal Cortex: What Neuroimaging Can Learn from Human Neuropsychology

Paul W. Burgess, Gil Gonen-Yaacovi, and Emmanuelle Volle

in Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

One of the great successes of functional neuroimaging as a method has been to generate theories concerning the cognitive functions supported by rostral PFC (approximating Brodmann Area 10). But these ... More


Adjusting the Volume: Technology and Multitasking in Discourse Control

Naomi S. Baron

in Handbook of Mobile Communication Studies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113120
eISBN:
9780262276818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113120.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter focuses on understanding multitasking with information and communication technologies (ICTs) in respect to interpersonal communication management, and also presents ICTs’ contribution to ... More


The gateway hypothesis of rostral prefrontal cortex (area 10) function

Paul W. Burgess, Jon S. Simons, Iroise Dumontheil, and Sam J. Gilbert

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The rostral prefrontal cortex (or Area 10) is a sizeable brain region that is especially large in humans compared with other animals, yet very little is known about what role it plays in cognition. ... More


Multitasking in the Automobile

David L. Strayer and Frank A. Drews

in Attention: From Theory to Practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305722
eISBN:
9780199847723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305722.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

While often being reminded to pay full attention while driving an automobile, people regularly engage in a wide variety of multitasking activities when they are behind the wheel. Unfortunately, these ... More


Binge-Watching Conditions and Multitasking: The Enjoyable Ephemeral

Lisa Glebatis Perks

in Binge-Watching and Contemporary Television Studies

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781474461986
eISBN:
9781399509091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474461986.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Drawing from a study of 120 television viewers who had binge-watched at least two shows in the previous 12 months, this study presents a picture of a viewer who weaves binge-watching into their ... More


Social Media

Patti M. Valkenburg and Jessica Taylor Piotrowski

in Plugged In: How Media Attract and Affect Youth

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300218879
eISBN:
9780300228090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300218879.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents the latest scientific research on the role of social media in teens' lives. Never before have the youth had so many opportunities to bring their self-presentation to perfection. ... More


Probe-Goal Contiguity

Norvin Richards

in Contiguity Theory

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034425
eISBN:
9780262332330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034425.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The chapter generalizes the condition on wh-questions introduced in chapter 3 to relations between Probes and Goals more generally. Generalizing a result from the previous chapter, it is shown that ... More


Conclusion

Norvin Richards

in Contiguity Theory

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034425
eISBN:
9780262332330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034425.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The overall theory is reviewed. Movement during the narrow-syntactic derivation is driven by two major conditions: Affix Support and Generalized Contiguity. The last two chapters have uncovered a ... More


On the Training/Test Distributions Gap: A Data Representation Learning Framework

Ben-David Shai

in Dataset Shift in Machine Learning

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262170055
eISBN:
9780262255103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262170055.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter discusses some dataset shift learning problems from a formal, statistical point of view. It provides definitions for “multitask learning,” “inductive transfer,” and “domain adaptation,” ... More


Managing the party conference

Lewis Minkin

in The Blair Supremacy: A study in the politics of Labour's party management

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719073793
eISBN:
9781781706770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719073793.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Blair’s first conference as Leader in 1994 had been less of a voting triumph than the skilful spin suggested. In 1995, multitasking of managerial organisation, conducted like a military operation, ... More


Meetings as a Site to Negotiate Mobile Control

Keri K. Stephens

in Negotiating Control: Organizations and Mobile Communication

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190625504
eISBN:
9780190882327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190625504.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

When mobile devices entered organizational meetings, there was a flurry of responses that sometimes resulted in misunderstandings. Olivia is a manager who’s trying to adapt to her vice president’s ... More


Computational Models of User Multitasking

Duncan P. Brumby, Christian P. Janssen, Tuomo Kujala, and Dario D. Salvucci

in Computational Interaction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198799603
eISBN:
9780191839832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799603.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

When users interact with computers and technology ‘in the wild’, multitasking is a practically ubiquitous part of their interactions. Human-computer interaction (HCI) researchers and practitioners ... More


The Importance of Visual Attention and Perception in Journalism

Catherine Thompson and Sharon Coen

in The Psychology of Journalism

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190935856
eISBN:
9780197578612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935856.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, psychological theories of visual perception and attention are considered in relation to journalism. First, the chapter discusses so-called limited capacity processing—that is, humans ... More


Intimate Media In and Out of the Classroom

Tyler Bickford

in Schooling New Media: Music, Language, and Technology in Children's Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190654146
eISBN:
9780190654184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190654146.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter considers how girls and boys view the conflict between media consumption and learning in class, focusing on uses of portable media in classroom that take place mostly in secret in the ... More


An Interlude on Shots and Cultural Change

James E. Cutting

in Movies on Our Minds: The Evolution of Cinematic Engagement

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197567777
eISBN:
9780197567807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197567777.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Popular culture has promoted a myth about why shot durations in movies have grown shorter during the past 50 years. The myth states that this is due to culturally shortened attention spans. There is ... More


What Do We Know?

Bruno S. Frey and Jana Gallus

in Honours versus Money: The Economics of Awards

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198798507
eISBN:
9780191839474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798507.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Awards directly and succinctly cater to one of the major human desires, namely, to be recognized and appreciated. Awards can raise recipients’ intrinsic motivation, make them more creative, and ... More


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