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The Trading System in Perspective

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Chapter 1 makes up the first part of the book. It presents a brief historical overview of the evolution of the multilateral trading system and introduces the basic functions of the trade regime and ... More


The Multilateral Trading System

Sylvia Ostry

in Oxford Handbook of International Business

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241828
eISBN:
9780191596834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241821.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The main changes in the multilateral world‐trading system since and including the GATT Uruguay Round in 1994 are summarized, and the most urgent reforms needed to keep the system going are ... More


China and the Multilateral Trading System

Robert Z. Lawrence

in China, Asia, and the New World Economy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235889
eISBN:
9780191717109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235889.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the implications of China's emergence for the global trading system. It asks whether China's bilateral and regional initiatives might undermine the multilateral trading order ... More


Coping with Shocks and Shifts: The Multilateral Trading System in Historical Perspective

Douglas A. Irwin and Kevin H. O’Rourke

in Globalization in an Age of Crisis: Multilateral Economic Cooperation in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226030753
eISBN:
9780226030890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226030890.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter describes the multilateral trading system over the last two centuries. At catastrophic moments (“shocks”) when the system has lacked shock absorbers, political economy forces have then ... More


Should There Be Multilateral Rules on Foreign Direct Investment?

Edward M. Graham

in Governments, Globalization, and International Business

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296058
eISBN:
9780191596209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296053.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The surge of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the late 1980s and first half of the 1990s and the associated expansion of the activities of multinational enterprises (MNEs) has left the world a ... More


Whither the Trading System?

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This short concluding chapter presents some final remarks on the future of the WTO (World Trade Organization) and the challenge of international cooperation in the trade area.


Structural Equity

Aaron James

in Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter elaborates the idea of “structural equity,” seen as the central fairness issue in international economic practice. It presents a deontological and contractualist conception of equity in ... More


Introduction: Linking Trade Regulation and Human Rights in International Law: An Overview

Thomas Cottier, Joost Pauwelyn, and Elisabeth Bürgi Bonanomi

in Human Rights and International Trade

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199285822
eISBN:
9780191700378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285822.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter provides an overview of the linkage between trade regulation and human rights in international law. Linking trade and human rights is a complex, but important, issue. Different from ... More


Negotiations in the Doha Round: Critical Issues for India

Biswajit Dhar and Kasturi Das

in Economics: Volume 2: India and the International Economy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199458943
eISBN:
9780199086894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458943.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) launched the Doha Round of negotiations in 2001 amid pressures by the developing countries to make the WTO more development friendly. The focus of the ... More


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