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Rapid evolution of animal mitochondrial DNA

Xuhua Xia

in Rapidly Evolving Genes and Genetic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199642274
eISBN:
9780191774751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199642274.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Three factors contribute to the rapid evolutionary rate and rate heterogeneity in animal mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). First, different mtDNA lineages feature different DNA replication mechanisms with ... More


Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution

Rebecca L. Cann

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) studies of modern human populations have made unique contributions to the understanding of human evolution due to two important features of this gene: their lack of ... More


Wari Community Organization: Demography, Migration, and Mortuary Treatment

Tiffiny A. Tung

in Violence, Ritual, and the Wari Empire: A Social Bioarchaeology of Imperialism in the Ancient Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037677
eISBN:
9780813042183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037677.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter presents the age-at-death and sex distributions at all three sites, and the strontium isotope and ancient mtDNA data from Conchopata. Those demographic data are used to reconstruct the ... More


A Glimpse of the Ancien Régime in the French Colonies?: A Consideration of Ancestry and Health at the Moran Site (22HR511), Biloxi, Mississippi

Marie Elaine Danforth, Danielle N. Cook, J. Lynn Funkhouser, Barbara T. Hester, and Heather Guzik

in Colonized Bodies, Worlds Transformed: Toward a Global Bioarchaeology of Contact and Colonialism

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813060750
eISBN:
9780813051918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060750.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Danforth and colleagues report on demography, diet, mitochondrial DNA, and biological stress in remains from Moran, Mississippi, part of New Biloxi, a French colonial settlement. This study is ... More


Human History as Brownian Motion, or How Genetic Trees and Gene Maps Draw Things Together

Marianne Sommer

in History Within: The Science, Culture, and Politics of Bones, Organisms, and Molecules

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226347325
eISBN:
9780226349879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226349879.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter deals with Cavalli-Sforza’s early work in the development of statistical and computer techniques to create human population trees on the basis of the genetics of blood groups. The ... More


The Marquesas Islands: Nuku Hiva and `Ua Pou

Robert J. Hommon

in The Ancient Hawaiian State: Origins of a Political Society

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199916122
eISBN:
9780199332823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199916122.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, World History: BCE to 500CE

Voyagers from the Marquesas Islands were among the first to settle Hawai`i, as evidenced by similarities in the languages of the two archipelagos and the early presence in Hawai`i of Polynesian rats ... More


Neanderthals and modern humans: similarities and differences

Francisco J. Ayala and Camilo J. Cela-Conde

in Processes in Human Evolution: The journey from early hominins to Neandertals and Modern Humans

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198739906
eISBN:
9780191802836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739906.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter deals with the similarities and differences between Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens, by considering genetic, brain, and cognitive evidence. The genetic differentiation emerges ... More


Primate conservation genetics at the dawn of conservation genomics

Milena Salgado Lynn, Pierfrancesco Sechi, Lounès Chikhi, and Benoit Goossens

in An Introduction to Primate Conservation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198703389
eISBN:
9780191824067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703389.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Conservation genetics is a relatively young interdisciplinary field. Essentially, it concerns the application of genetic methods to threatened species. It aims to obtain detailed insights about their ... More


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