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Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Minoru Fukuda, Urs Rutishauser, and Ronald L. Schnaar (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

In the past decade, there have been tremendous developments in the understanding of the structure, biosynthesis, and function of glycoconjugates present in the nervous system. These developments were ... More


What’s Wrong with Their Mice?

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the use of animals to explore issues relating to human cognition, emotion, volition, and their pathologies. Researchers who use animal models in their work point to ... More


Chemical communication in societies of rodents

Jane L. Hurst and Robert J. Beynon

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Scents play a central role in rodent societies, communicating information about identity (species, sex, individual, kinship) and status (social, reproductive, health, age). This requires the ... More


Closing Comments on the Brain and Art

Javier Defelipe

in Cajal's Butterflies of the Soul: Science and Art

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195392708
eISBN:
9780199863525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392708.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides some final thoughts on the Brainhow mouse. It uses a metaphor used by the Russian writer Vladimir Nabokov (1899–1977) as illustration. Nabokov was a grapheme-color synesthete. ... More


Of Mice and Men: A Feminist Fragment on Animal Rights

Catharine A. Mackinnon

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter presents a feminist view on animal rights. It investigates why it is necessary for animals to be like people to be protected from them or to be entitled to their own lives, and presents ... More


Some Experimental Tools for Tracking Continuous Mental Trajectories

Michael Spivey

in The Continuity of Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170788
eISBN:
9780199786831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170788.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter emphasizes the importance of identifying the time scale at which a given behavior exhibits detectably graded transitions from state to state. It covers a variety of experimental methods ... More


Using mouse genetics to study neuronal development and function

Harald Jockusch and Thomas Schmitt-John

in Molecular Biology of the Neuron

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter briefly outlines the methods available for the genetic analysis and manipulation of the mouse, and then illustrates their application to neurobiology by selected examples. It argues that ... More


The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Synapses are the contact sites that enable neurons to form connections between each other in order to transmit and process neural information. Synaptic organization is concerned with the principles ... More


Brain glycolipids: insights from genetic modifications of biosynthetic enzymes

Ronald L. Schnaar

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes the biosynthesis and roles of the brain glycolipids. It first describes various glycolipids present in the brain. It then describes the phenotype of knockout mice for those ... More


Synthesis and function of glycosphingolipids

Koichi Furukawa

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes recent progress in studies of glycosyltransferases and relevant enzymes involved in the synthesis and modification glycosphingolipids. It describes novel approaches to ... More


Deficient glycoprotein glycosylation in humans and mice

Harry Schachter

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses recent knowledge on gene knockout mice with deficient glycosyltransferases. It covers a large number of gene inactivation of glycosyltransferases, and should be valuable for ... More


Central auditory plasticity in mouse models of progressive sensorineural hearing loss

James F. Willott

in Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter presents data from mice, expressing genes which cause cochlear lesions, indicating possible consequences for hearing loss-induced plasticity. It also discusses data indicating that an ... More


The Role of Estrogen Receptors in the Regulation of Aggressive Behaviors

Sonoko Ogawa, Masayoshi Nomura, Elena Choleris, and Donald Pfaff

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

At least two types of estrogen receptors (ERs), the classical ER-α and the more recently identified ER-β, have been localized in the central nervous system. ER-α and ER-β are very similar estrogen ... More


Marian Cleeves Diamond

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Marian Cleeves Diamond. Diamond's laboratory has three major scientific contributions: One, the structural components of the cerebral cortex can be altered ... More


Neurological Mouse Mutants: A Molecular-Genetic Analysis of Myelin Proteins

Klaus-Armin Nave and Ueli Suter

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0043
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter presents an overview of mutations in the mouse that have improved our understanding of structural myelin proteins. Mouse genetics, in combination with molecular cell biology and ... More


Stated‐Preference Methods for Valuing Environmental Amenities

Wiktor L. Adamowicz, Peter C. Boxall, Jordan J. Louviere, Joffre Swait, and Michael Williams

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The stated preference (SP) approach allows the individual features or attributes that make up a good to be valued. Experimental design to array attributes and attribute levels into choice sets is ... More


Nmda Receptors

ROBERT BALÁZS, RICHARD J. BRIDGES, and CARL W. COTMAN

in Excitatory Amino Acid Transmission in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195150025
eISBN:
9780199865079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150025.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Ionotropic glutamate receptors, including NMDA receptors, mediate most of the excitatory synaptic transmission in the mammalian central nervous system. When NMDA receptors are activated by membrane ... More


Early development of the telencephalon

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Brain develops from embryonic ectoderm, one of the three germ layers of the embryo, the other two being endoderm and mesoderm. Much of our knowledge of early embryogenesis is derived from studies of ... More


Molecular regulation of early forebrain and cortical development

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Over the past few decades, higher mammals with larger and more advanced brains, such as cats and primates, have been studied by many scientists interested in the development of the cerebral cortex. ... More


Food

Carolyn M. King and Roger A. Powell

in The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats: Ecology, Behavior, and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195322712
eISBN:
9780199894239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322712.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Weasel diets are relatively easy to list, because they are specialist predators on a small number of potential prey species (mostly small mammals and birds, identifiable by standard methods) and ... More


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