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Habits, Skills, and Procedural Memory

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the distinct pathways critical to the acquisition of habits — that aspect of motor skill learning that refers to acquired, stereotyped, and unconscious behavioral repertoires. ... More


Cognitive-Motor Skills

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the brain mechanisms that underlie cognitive motor skills. Topics covered include movement memories or representations, praxis and handedness, and mechanical knowledge. To ... More


Motor imagery and motor performance: Evidence from the sport science literature

Aymeric Guillot, Ursula Debarnot, Magali Louis, Nady Hoyek, and Christian Collet

in The neurophysiological foundations of mental and motor imagery

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199546251
eISBN:
9780191701412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546251.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter explains that the effects of motor imagery on performance and on motor skill learning are well-established. It reviews the ... More


Hippocampal Function in Humans: Insights From Amnesia and Functional Brain Imaging

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews cases of amnesia and evidence from functional brain imaging to provide insights about the nature of memory supported by the hippocampal memory system. The case of the famous ... More


Dynamic interaction of motor and language factors in normal and disordered development

Lisa Goffman

in Speech Motor Control: New developments in basic and applied research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199235797
eISBN:
9780191696671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235797.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter reports on empirical findings detailing interactions between language and motor domains in normally developing and language disordered learners. It shows that speech motor variability ... More


The Brain that makes Music and is Changed by it

Alvaro Pascual-Leone

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter begins by discussing how learning to play the piano changes the brain. An experiment is shown which correlate skill acquisition with changes in motor cortical output. It is demonstrated ... More


The nature of memory for music performance skills

Caroline Palmer

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Music performance can be depicted as a cognitive skill with large memory demands, or as a motor skill with large physical execution demands. This chapter discusses the nature of memory for the motor ... More


Looking and Acting: Vision and eye movements in natural behaviour

Michael Land and Benjamin Tatler

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570943
eISBN:
9780191693878
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570943.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The cooperative action of different regions of human brains gives an amazing capacity to perform activities as diverse as playing the piano and hitting a tennis ball. Somehow, without conscious ... More


Skill learning: the role of the cerebellum

David A.T. King and Richard F. Thompson

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a thorough review of the work that led to the identification of a restricted region of the cerebellum as the site of the ‘engram’ for skill learning. The chapter discusses the ... More


Evolution of an Intellectual Mind in the Primate Brain

Atsushi Iriki, Yumiko Yamazaki, and Osamu Sakura

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0030
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews neurophysiological studies of how primates learn to extend their actions with tools. It shows that learning to use tools modifies not only the response properties of neurons ... More


Speech Motor Control: New developments in basic and applied research

Ben Maassen and Pascal van Lieshout (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199235797
eISBN:
9780191696671
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235797.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Speaking is not only the basic mode of communication, but also the most complex motor skill humans can perform. Disorders of speech and language are the most common sequelae of brain disease or ... More


Applications

William R. Uttal

in Mind and Brain: A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015967
eISBN:
9780262298902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015967.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents the proposed applications of mind–brain relationships, which lack the empirical database backing that links the neurophysiological measures with behavior. It presents reasons, ... More


Evaluating the Specificity of Effects of Video Game Training

Kasey L. Powers and Patricia J. Brooks

in Learning by Playing: Video Gaming in Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199896646
eISBN:
9780190256142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896646.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter explores the relationship between the specific features of the video games used for training and the skills acquired. It first reviews previous meta-analyses of the effects of video ... More


Epilogue: twelve years on

A. David Milner and Melvyn A. Goodale

in The Visual Brain in Action

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524724
eISBN:
9780191689239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524724.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the recent literature on the organization of the visual system. New insights into the ventral and dorsal streams are explored. How the development and now wide use of fMRI help ... More


Coordination and clumsiness

Mark Selikowitz

in Dyslexia and Other Learning Difficulties: The Facts

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780192622990
eISBN:
9780191918391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192622990.003.0017
Subject:
Education, Teaching of Specific Groups and Special Educational Needs

Rachel is eight years old. She was slow to crawl and walk. She still cannot pedal a tricycle, fasten small buttons, or tie her laces. She is very poor at sports and is often teased by the other ... More


Child development

Carol Barron

in Clinical Skills in Children's Nursing

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199559039
eISBN:
9780191917837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199559039.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing Skills

Child development can be described as the biological and psychological changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence. There are many different factors that influence ... More


Ensemble Performance: Interpersonal Alignment of Musical Expression

Peter Keller

in Expressiveness in music performance: Empirical approaches across styles and cultures

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199659647
eISBN:
9780191771651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659647.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses how ensemble musicians achieve the precision and flexibility in interpersonal coordination that enables alignment of performance parameters related to basic properties of ... More


More about Language

Zoltan Torey and Daniel C. Dennett

in The Crucible of Consciousness: An Integrated Theory of Mind and Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262512848
eISBN:
9780262255189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262512848.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins with a definition of language as such: language is the coded and sequentially arranged transshipment of meaning; the internal handling and delivering of percepts to a recipient—a ... More


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