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Encoding and Beyond in the Motor Cortex

Nicholas G. Hatsopoulos, Maryam Saleh, and Julian A. Mattiello

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter proposes that the motor cortex does not encode movement as any one simple Newtonian parameter of motion. Rather, if motor cortical neurons actually encode anything at all, they represent ... More


Development of the nervous system Development of the nervous system

Malcolm Burrows

in The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523444
eISBN:
9780191724411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

A functional nervous system must be laid down embryonically and be capable of producing adaptive movements in response to particular sensory stimuli as soon as the diminutive larval locust emerges ... More


Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/Motor Neuron Disease

Christopher Shaw

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From diagnosis to bereavement, 2nd Edn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199212934
eISBN:
9780191730368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212934.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter aims to explain and define amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or motor neuron disease. The first section of this chapter focuses on the typical and usual clinical presentation and ... More


Other forms of locomotion in molluscs

G. N. Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner

in Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524052
eISBN:
9780191724497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter focuses on the other forms of locomotion, such as crawling and swimming, in molluscs. In most species of gastropod molluscs, crawling is the main form of locomotion. However, in addition ... More


Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the most common motor neuron disease. It discusses the three major forms of ALS: sporadic ALS, the familial or hereditary form of ALS, and ... More


Escape movements Escape movements

Malcolm Burrows

in The Neurobiology of an Insect Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523444
eISBN:
9780191724411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523444.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

Giant interneurons in most animals have axons with large diameters so that their spikes can be conducted rapidly from one part of the nervous system to another. The largest neurons are therefore ... More


Neurophysiological Assessment of Human Motor Control and Changes Caused by Spinal Cord Injury

W. Barry McKay, Arthur M Sherwood, and Simon F. T Tang

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

The control of movement provides us with the ability to manipulate and move about within our environment, to satisfy our survival needs and to interact with each other. Motor control is also the ... More


Neuromuscular Control of Movement

Andrew A. Biewener and Shelia N. Patek (eds)

in Animal Locomotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198743156
eISBN:
9780191803031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743156.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

The control of movement is essential for animals traversing complex environments and operating across a range of speeds and gaits. We consider how animals process sensory information and initiate ... More


Terje Lømo

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Terje Lømo discovered long term potentiation (LTP) and with Tim Bliss did the first systematic study of LTP. Lømo discovered that evoked muscle impulse activity per se controlled the properties of ... More


Edgar D. Adrian: Coding in the Nervous System

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Edgar Douglas Adrian once remarked: “The history of electrophysiology has been decided by the history of electrical recording instruments”. Little was known about how the nerves coded their messages ... More


Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From Diagnosis to Bereavement, 3rd Edn

David Oliver, Gian Domenico Borasio, and Wendy Johnston (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199686025
eISBN:
9780191765940
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686025.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (or motor neuron disease) is a rare disease but one that can cause profound suffering for both the patient and their family. Whilst new treatments for ALS are being ... More


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