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Atypical, Suboptimal, and Changing Synergies

Mark L. Latash

in Synergy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

The sixth part of the book reviews applications of the described approach to atypical and changing movements. It starts with a discussion of the notion of normality and its applicability to motor ... More


Timescales of Change in Connectionist and Dynamical Systems Approaches to Learning and Development

Karl M. Newell, Yeou-Teh Liu, and Gottfried Mayer-Kress

in Toward a Unified Theory of Development Connectionism and Dynamic System Theory Re-Consider

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195300598
eISBN:
9780199867165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300598.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the origins of the construct of timescales as expressed in Waddington's (1957) metaphor for development of the epigenetic landscape, and its subsequent use as a metaphor for ... More


Learning and Compensation in the Vestibular System

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Neuronal systems must learn how to adapt to changes in their intrinsic structure or in the environment. The vestibular system is no exception. Several features have made it an attractive system in ... More


Learning and the Infant Mind

Amanda Woodward and Amy Needham (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195301151
eISBN:
9780199894246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301151.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

When asking how cognition comes to take its mature form, learning seems to be an obvious factor to consider. However, until quite recently, there has been very little contact between investigations ... More


Hippocampal Function in Humans: Insights From Amnesia and Functional Brain Imaging

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews cases of amnesia and evidence from functional brain imaging to provide insights about the nature of memory supported by the hippocampal memory system. The case of the famous ... More


Current ideas on motor control and learning: implications for therapy

Theo Mulder

in Spinal Cord Dysfunction: Volume II: Intervention and Treatment

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192617873
eISBN:
9780191724312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192617873.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses recent notions on motor control and learning. It aims to give the reader an impression of modern psychological thinking on motor control and learning. The learning of motor ... More


Prenatal Behavior

Scott R. Robinson and Michele R. Brumley

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses fetal development in rats. Topics covered include the ecology of fetal development, movement and sensation during prenatal development, fetal action patterns, and ... More


Motor systems: cerebellum and basal ganglia

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the cerebellum and basal ganglia, two non-neocortical brain systems involved in different aspects of the control of movement. The cerebellum has a remarkably regular neural ... More


Skill learning: the role of the cerebellum

David A.T. King and Richard F. Thompson

in Brain, Perception, Memory: Advances in Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524823
eISBN:
9780191689246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a thorough review of the work that led to the identification of a restricted region of the cerebellum as the site of the ‘engram’ for skill learning. The chapter discusses the ... More


How does the cerebellum work? Model systems: Compensating for self-movement (vestibulo-ocular reflex), predictive motor learning (eye blink reflex), voluntary goal-directed behaviour (saccades), and action and reaction

John Montgomery and David Bodznick

in Evolution of the Cerebellar Sense of Self

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198758860
eISBN:
9780191834752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758860.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Model systems have been critical to developing our understanding of cerebellar function. The vestibulo-ocular reflex stabilizes the eyes during head movement and depends on the cerebellum to maintain ... More


The Space Inside

Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi

in Biological Learning and Control: How the Brain Builds Representations, Predicts Events, and Makes Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016964
eISBN:
9780262301282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016964.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter describes how the brain forms maps of the body in relation to the internal world. It illustrates that arm movements cannot be controlled by some linear feedback mechanism. It shifts the ... More


Evolution of Language

Angela D. Friederici and Noam Chomsky

in Language in Our Brain: The Origins of a Uniquely Human Capacity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036924
eISBN:
9780262342964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036924.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

The past and current views of language evolution all center around a crucial question: What led to the human faculty of language and can it be explained by continuity of phylogenesis from non-human ... More


Challenging Marr’s theory of the cerebellum

Egidio D’Angelo

in Computational Theories and their Implementation in the Brain: The legacy of David Marr

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198749783
eISBN:
9780191831638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749783.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Marr’s Motor Learning Theory (MLT) theory (Marr, 1969) represents a seminal example of how the structure/function relationship in a neural circuit can be conceptualized. It has laid the basis for ... More


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