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The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

David E. Klein and Gregory Mitchell (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This volume of essays examines the psychological processes that underlie judicial decision making. Chapters in the first section of the book take as their starting point the fact that judges make ... More


Motivations and Beliefs in Suicide Missions

Jon Elster

in Making Sense of Suicide Missions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199276998
eISBN:
9780191707735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276998.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines why people kill themselves for other reasons than that they do not want to live, focusing on the special case of why they engage in suicide bombings or (as on 11 September 2001) ... More


Moral Sentimentalism

Michael Slote

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There has been a great deal of interest in moral sentimentalism in recent years, but most of that interest has been exclusively either in metaethical questions about the meaning of moral terms or in ... More


False Consciousness

Denise Meyerson

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248194
eISBN:
9780191681073
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248194.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book is concerned with both analytical philosophy of mind and Marxist philosophy. Marxists see pervasive irrationality in the conduct of human affairs, and claim that people in a class-divided ... More


Practical Reality

Jonathan Dancy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Practical Reality is about the relation between the reasons why we do things and the reasons why we should. It claims that, in order to understand this relation, we have to abandon ... More


Reasons for Belief and for Action

Alan Millar

in Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199254408
eISBN:
9780191719721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254408.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that all belief calls for justification and that, accordingly, a normative reason for a belief must justify or be positively relevant to the justification of that belief. This is ... More


WHAT DOES THIS TELL US ABOUT RELIGION?

Jones James W

in Blood That Cries Out From the Earth: The Psychology of Religious Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195335972
eISBN:
9780199868957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335972.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

“What Does This Tell Us about Religion?” The answer to the question posed in the title of chapter 6 is that religion and violence are inextricably bound together. No world religion lacks traditions, ... More


Defective Verbal Paradigms in Hungarian—Description and Experimental Study

Ágnes Lukács, Peter Rebrus, and Miklós Törkenczy

in Defective Paradigms: Missing Forms and What They Tell Us

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264607
eISBN:
9780191734366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264607.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter evaluates the defective verbal paradigms in the Hungarian language. The first section of the chapter provides an overview of the defectiveness in Hungarian, with emphasis on the ... More


Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

John T. Jost, Aaron C. Kay, and Hulda Thorisdottir (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This volume both reflects and exemplifies the recent resurgence of interest in the social and psychological characteristics and processes that give rise to ideological forms. Ideology is an elusive, ... More


A Disjunctive Conception of Acting for Reasons

Jennifer Hornsby

in Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231546
eISBN:
9780191716126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231546.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces a disjunctivist conception of acting for reasons by showing that an account of acting for reasons should give a place to knowledge. This disjunctive conception is claimed to ... More


Every Jury Trial Is a Bench Trial: Judicial Engineering of Jury Disputes

C. K. Rowland, Tina Traficanti, and Erin Vernon

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

For decades virtually every scholarly work on trial judges began by lamenting the unfortunate tendency of students of judicial behavior to concentrate almost exclusively on appellate courts generally ... More


Motivation and Judicial Behavior: Expanding the Scope of Inquiry

Lawrence Baum

in The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195367584
eISBN:
9780199776917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367584.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter analyzes judicial decision making from the perspective of motivation. Students of judicial behavior have focused on judges’ motivations, but their inquiries into motivation could be ... More


Acquiring a Visually Motivated Language: Evidence From Diverse Learners

Brenda Schick

in Advances in the Sign-Language Development of Deaf Children

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195180947
eISBN:
9780199893737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195180947.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter explores the acquisition of visual, iconically motivated languages from several different perspectives. First, it describes the development of verb agreement, classifiers, and discourse ... More


The Theory of Motivating States

Jonathan Dancy

in Practical Reality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253050
eISBN:
9780191597282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253056.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that cognitivism is the best form of psychologism; that is, that Humean accounts of motivation in terms of belief–desire combinations should be rejected in favour of cognitive ones that take ... More


The Ambivalent Partisan: How Critical Loyalty Promotes Democracy

Howard G. Lavine, Christopher D. Johnston, and Marco R. Steenbergen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199772759
eISBN:
9780199979622
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772759.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

Over the past half-century, two overarching topics have dominated the study of mass political behaviour: How do ordinary citizens form their political judgments, and how good are they from a ... More


Broadening the Discussion

Christopher Bjork

in High-Stakes Schooling: What We Can Learn from Japan's Experiences with Testing, Accountability, and Education Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226309385
eISBN:
9780226309552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309552.003.0009
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Chapter nine expands the scope of the discussion to include evidence from other nations that have introduced ambitious educational reforms recently. The commonalities between initiatives enacted in ... More


Legal Interpretation and Intuitions of Public Policy

Joshua Furgeson and Linda Babcock

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Studies of actual judicial decisions and recent experimental work simulating legal decision-making reveal a strong relationship between ideology and judicial decisions. There is also preliminary ... More


Empathy in Moral Judgment

Michael Slote

in Moral Sentimentalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows how the new conception of approval and disapproval helps explain various key features of moral judgment or utterances: for example, that they typically motivate, that they can be ... More


Competing Motives in the Partisan Mind: How Loyalty and Responsiveness Shape Party Identification and Democracy

Eric Groenendyk

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199969807
eISBN:
9780199346110
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969807.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Party identification is generally considered the most powerful predictor of voting behavior. Yet, after 50 years of research, scholars continue to disagree over the implications of this well-known ... More


Mistakes about Motives and Motivated Mistakes

Denise Meyerson

in False Consciousness

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248194
eISBN:
9780191681073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248194.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

For Marx and Engels members of the ruling class were dressing up their real motives in more respectable clothing and fooling themselves with the disguise. Beliefs that serve class interests could ... More


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