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Evolution of the Most Favoured Nation Principle Up to 1929

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Deals with the international economic system established in the 1860s and its operation until 1929. Section 1 analyses why the most‐favoured nation (MFN) principle emerged. Unconditional MFN ... More


Discrimination on the Basis of Nationality: Determining Likeness in Human Rights and Investment Law

Freya Baetens

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

When comparing nationality-based discrimination prohibitions in human rights and investment law, the question arises whether human rights jurisprudence could be instructive for interpretations of the ... More


Most-Favoured-Nation (MFN) Treatment

Andreas R. Ziegler

in Standards of Investment Protection

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199547432
eISBN:
9780191701467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547432.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the historical developments and underpinnings of the most-favoured-nation (MFN) clause in bilateral investment treaties (BIT). It analyses different versions of the MFN clause ... More


Which Level of Protection?—The Scope of the Prohibition of Restriction: Equal Treatment and Market Access

Steffen Hindelang

in The Free Movement of Capital and Foreign Direct Investment: The Scope of Protection in EU Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199572656
eISBN:
9780191705540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572656.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter maps the scope of the ‘prohibition of restriction’ enshrined in Article 56 (1) EC — falling into two tests, the non-hindrance and the non-discrimination tests — in both intra-Community ... More


Discrimination in International Trade, 1947–1985

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Discusses the erosion of adherence to the non‐discrimination principle between 1947 and 1985. Section 1 analyses the discriminatory removal of quantitative restrictions on intra‐European trade during ... More


Non-Discrimination and Justification in the GATT

Erich Vranes

in Trade and the Environment: Fundamental Issues in International Law, WTO Law, and Legal Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562787
eISBN:
9780191705366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562787.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This chapter addresses the non-discrimination disciplines of the GATT (most-favoured-nation treatment and national treatment) and related issues, notably justification on non-economic grounds under ... More


MFN CLAUSES AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN INVESTMENT TREATIES: HAVE WE REACHED THE END OF THE ROAD?

Kaj Hobér

in International Investment Law for the 21st Century: Essays in Honour of Christoph Schreuer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199571345
eISBN:
9780191705472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571345.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Private International Law

This chapter focuses on the role of the most-favoured-nation (MFN) clause in the BIT. It considers the RosInvest decision, which is believed to be the first case where an arbitral tribunal has ... More


UNDERSTANDING MASS TORT DEFENDANT INCENTIVES FOR CONFIDENTIAL SETTLEMENTS: LESSONS FROM BAYER’S CERIVASTATIN LITIGATION STRATEGY

James Anderson

in Confidentiality, Transparency, and the U.S. Civil Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199914333
eISBN:
9780199980185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199914333.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter describes the product liability case brought against Bayer for the cholesterol-lowering drug cerivastatin (Baycol), a powerful statin that was discovered to cause a muscular ... More


Sector‐Specific Multilateral Trade Agreements

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter looks at the major sector‐specific agreements that have been negotiated under the auspices of GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), and in particular at agriculture, and ... More


Exemption from Most-Favored-Nation Obligations of Preferential Arrangements other than Customs Union

Jacob Viner

in The Customs Union Issue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199756124
eISBN:
9780190261337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199756124.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter discusses the types of preferential tariff arrangements, which includes the imperial preference, regional agreements, and plurilateral agreements. Political ties are the special ... More


Relationship Between the FET and the Other Treaty Provisions

Ioana Tudor

in The Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard in the International Law of Foreign Investment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199235063
eISBN:
9780191715785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235063.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

One of the conclusions of the first chapter was that the interpretation of the FET standard by the arbitrators is intrinsically linked to the wording of the applicable FET clause. This chapter ... More


The Compatibility of Customs Union with the Most-Favored-Nation Principle

Jacob Viner

in The Customs Union Issue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199756124
eISBN:
9780190261337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199756124.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter focuses on the issue of compatibility of customs union with the most-favored nation obligations. Under the interpretation of the most-favored-nation principle, a country that is ... More


International Trade in Media Goods and Services

Perry Keller

in European and International Media Law: Liberal Democracy, Trade, and the New Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198268550
eISBN:
9780191728518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268550.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Chapter Five examines trade in media goods and services under the GATT and GATS treaties. It looks at their primary non-discrimination obligations in relation to their general and security ... More


Interpretation Continued: The Structural Features of the TRIPS Agreement

Graeme B. Dinwoodie and Rochelle C. Dreyfuss

in A Neofederalist Vision of TRIPS: The Resilience of the International Intellectual Property Regime

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304619
eISBN:
9780199933273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304619.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Private International Law

This Chapter further critiques DSB decisions by considering a mechanism to share examination workloads among national patent offices, and the EU’s Database Directive, which seeks to expand protection ... More


What Do We Do Now?

Jagdish Bhagwati

in Termites in the Trading System: How Preferential Agreements Undermine Free Trade

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331653
eISBN:
9780199851850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331653.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

It is clearly shown that the situation regarding preferential trade agreements (PTAs) cries out for palliatives and for solutions. Three options have been explored: (1) halting the formation of new ... More


The Havana Charter and Customs Union

Jacob Viner

in The Customs Union Issue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199756124
eISBN:
9780190261337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199756124.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter discusses the Charter of the International Trade Organization (Charter), which was formed at Havana on March 24, 1948. The Charter contains important provisions relating to customs ... More


Most Favored Nation

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: GATT

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029841
eISBN:
9780262333894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029841.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The most favored nation clause, the cornerstone of the GATT, which applies to both border and domestic measures is discussed along with its legal disciple. This includes the idea that no nation ... More


The Unanswered: Indirect Protection through the GATT

Charlotte E. Blattner

in Protecting Animals Within and Across Borders: Extraterritorial Jurisdiction and the Challenges of Globalization

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190948313
eISBN:
9780190948344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190948313.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter explores the breadth and scope of options available to states that want to indirectly protect animals across the border, in particular under the law of the World Trade Organization ... More


Most-favoured-nation Clause: A Case Study

Martins Paparinskis

in The International Minimum Standard and Fair and Equitable Treatment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199694501
eISBN:
9780191741272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694501.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Investment protection treaties are not the first treaties that raise questions about interpretative process of pari materia treaty rules dealing with commercial matters. In the classical ... More


India’s BITs: Mapping the Acceptance—I

Prabhash Ranjan

in India and Bilateral Investment Treaties: Refusal, Acceptance, Backlash

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199493746
eISBN:
9780199097081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199493746.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter studies in detail the international law on foreign investment that India has accepted to be bound in the embracement phase. In this regard, the chapter studies the following provisions ... More


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