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Short-term, Long-term, and Hysteresis Mortality Models: A Review

Giovanni Andrea Cornia

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with the effects caused by the factors contributing to mortality crises on a long and short-term basis. These factors include diseases connected with poverty, degenerative ... More


The Transition Mortality Crisis: Evidence, Interpretation and Policy Responses  

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Renato Paniccià

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The study focuses on the behavior of mortality rates of fourteen countries in Eastern and Central Europe during the transition period. Mortality rates differ from country to country: the Czech ... More


Fitness landscapes, mortality schedules, and mating systems

Bradley R. Anholt

in Dragonflies and Damselflies: Model Organisms for Ecological and Evolutionary Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199230693
eISBN:
9780191710889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230693.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Acquiring the resources for reproduction comes at the risk of death. After emergence, females of most odonate species gain more mass than males and concomitantly suffer higher mortality rates. ... More


Inequality

Stephen J. Kunitz

in The Health of Populations: General Theories and Practical Realities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195308075
eISBN:
9780199863846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308075.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines two related issues: (1) the association between inequality and measures of health is shown to be not the same everywhere but is dependent upon the historical and sociocultural ... More


The hazards of smoking and the benefits of stopping: cancer mortality and overall mortality *

Boyle Peter, Gray Nigel, Henningfield Jack, Seffrin John, and Zatoński Witold A.

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the effects of smoking cessation on lung cancer mortality and on all-cause mortality in Europe and North America, under-estimation of eventual hazards of smoking and benefits ... More


Second Thoughts on the European Escape from Hunger: Famines, Chronic Malnutrition, and Mortality Rates

R. W. Fogel (ed.)

in Nutrition and Poverty

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283966
eISBN:
9780191684470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283966.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines famines, chronic malnutrition, mortality rates, and European escape from hunger. It provides evidence indicating that the elimination of crisis mortality accounted for only a ... More


Diabetes and Mortality

Sharon H. Saydah and Mark S. Eberhardt

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes the changes in diabetes mortality for the entire population and among persons with diabetes. It examines sociodemographic differences in deaths from diabetes and the ... More


Well‐Being: From Theory to Measurement

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The theory and measurement of well‐being are discussed in six sections: (1) constituents and determinants of well‐being; (2) income; (3–5) health—anthropometric measures, mortality indices, and ... More


Ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease mortality trends with special reference to England and Wales; are there cohort effects?

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

It is widely believed that trends in ischemic heart disease (IHD) death rates in many countries have risen to a synchronized peak at every age and then declined. This has been taken as evidence that ... More


Tobacco smoking and tobacco-related harm in the European Union with special attention to the new EU member states

Witold A. Zatónski and Marta Mónczuk

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter assesses the role of tobacco smoking as a cause of premature mortality in Europe, and its contribution to the health gap between the EU10 and EU15 countries, using several complementary ... More


Trends in all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: a comparison between Belgium, the Netherlands, and Denmark, 1950–99

J. V. Joossens and H. Kesteloot

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter compares mortality trends and possible explanatory factors in three developed affluent countries: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Denmark. These countries have similar socio-economic ... More


The Mortality Consequences of the Transition to Market Economy in Latvia, 1991–1995

Juris Krumins and Uldis Usackis

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

During the 19th and 20th centuries, Latvia — as well as its neighbouring countries of Estonia and Lithuania forming the Baltic States — enjoyed a remarkable healthcare system resulting in a life ... More


The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Renato Paniccià (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In spite of widespread expectations of improvements in living standards and health conditions, in most of the countries of the former Soviet bloc the transition to the market economy was accompanied ... More


Puerperal Fever and the Lying-in Hospitals

Irvine Loudon

in The Tragedy of Childbed Fever

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204992
eISBN:
9780191676444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204992.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines puerperal fever epidemics in lying-in hospitals in England during the 18th century. Though lying-in hospitals were intended to bring skill and comfort to the poor in childbirth, ... More


Alcohol as a Cause of Mortality in Societies Undergoing Rapid Transition to Market Economy  

Jacek Moskalewicz, Bogdan Wojtyniak, and Daniel Rabczenko

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the contributions or effects of alcohol consumption to mortality rate at the time when Estonia, former GDR, Poland, Russia, Lithuania and Latvia are at the rapid pace of ... More


Coronary heart disease mortality attributable to smoking: global and regional estimates for 2000

M. Ezzati and A. D. Lopez

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter employs the indirect smoking impact ratio method (Peto et al. 1992), which uses absolute lung cancer mortality in a population as a marker for accumulated hazards of smoking, to estimate ... More


Psychosocial and Biological Mechanisms behind the Recent Mortality Crisis in Central and Eastern Europe

Michael Marmot and Martin Bobak

in The Mortality Crisis in Transitional Economies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297413
eISBN:
9780191685347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297413.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the effects of the social and economic changes during the transition period in the Central and Eastern European countries. It is established that before the transition era, ... More


A study of geographical correlations in China

R. Peto, J. Chen, T. C. Campbell, J. Li, J. Boreham, Z. Feng, and L. Youngman

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0030
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes a geographical correlation study involving age-standardized mortality rates from almost 100 separate causes or groups of causes in sixty-five rural counties in China, plus a ... More


Estimating survival and movement

James D. Nichols, William L. Kendall, and Michael C. Runge

in Bird Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520863
eISBN:
9780191706189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520863.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The study of survival (or mortality) rates and movement patterns are central in bird population studies, but the collection and analysis of relevant data is sometimes difficult and beset with ... More


Public health in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union

Martin McKee

in Global Public Health: A New Era

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199236626
eISBN:
9780191724053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236626.003.005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses public health in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Topics covered include patterns of health, patterns of mortality, higher death rates in men than in ... More


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