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The Morphosyntactic Level

Kees Hengeveld and J. Lachlan Mackenzie

in Functional Discourse Grammar: A Typologically-Based Theory of Language Structure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278107
eISBN:
9780191707797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278107.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter turns to the encoding of the distinctions made at the Interpersonal and Representational Levels in morphosyntactic form. The layered structure distinguishes Clause, Phrase, Word and ... More


The Structure of Experience

Barbara Tversky, Jeffrey M. Zacks, and Bridgette Martin Hard

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the structure of experience, covering language, objects, scenes, and events. It is argued that partitioning the world is the first step to comprehending it. Some partitioning ... More


Debonding

Muriel Norde

in Degrammaticalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter deals with the third and final type of degrammaticalization. Debonding is defined as ‘a change whereby a bound morpheme in a specific linguistic context becomes a free morpheme’. Like ... More


On the Morphosyntax of (Anti) Causative Verbs *

Artemis Alexiadou

in Lexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199544325
eISBN:
9780191720536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544325.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

The chapter investigates the variation at the level of morphology and at the level of productivity in the anti‐causative alternation on the basis of a non‐derivational approach to the alternation. It ... More


English II: syllable inventory and related issues

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter examines distributional patterns of English sounds and syllables, using the CELEX lexicon. It shows that most unused syllables are due not to phonological constraints but to the fact ... More


Basic Clause Structure

Peter W. Culicover and Ray Jackendoff

in Simpler Syntax

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271092
eISBN:
9780191709418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271092.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter develops a competence theory of the syntax-semantics interface. The interface is described in terms of how semantics is mapped to syntax. Thus, the problem to be addressed is: given a ... More


Explaining the Models and Their Uses

CAROL MYERS-SCOTTON

in Contact Linguistics: Bilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299530
eISBN:
9780191708107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299530.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter clarifies the Matrix Language Frame (MLF) model in a number of ways: identifying the Matrix Language (ML); details of the Matrix Language-Embedded Language opposition; the outsider late ... More


Concluding Remarks: The Out of Sight in Contact Linguistics

CAROL MYERS-SCOTTON

in Contact Linguistics: Bilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299530
eISBN:
9780191708107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299530.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter includes hypotheses derived from the Matrix Language Frame (MLF) model, the 4-M model, and the Abstract Level model. Two themes are apparent. First, asymmetry characterizes the ... More


Object Shift and Verb Movement

Enoch Oladé Aboh

in The Morphosyntax of Complement-Head Sequences: Clause Structure and Word Order Patterns in Kwa

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195159905
eISBN:
9780199788125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159905.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Building on the analysis of the Gungbe tense and aspect markers above, this chapter proposes a new analysis for the Gungbe imperfective and related clauses in terms of a biclausal structure. It ... More


Introduction

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This introductory chapter provides essential background for the analyses developed in the subsequent chapters of the book. The first section defines the scope of the book, introducing the types of ... More


Morpheme-Based Templates

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter argues for a morpheme-based alternative to the version of the Generalized Template Theory (GTT) of prosodic morpheme shapes critiqued in Chapter 2. In this approach (MBT), canonical ... More


Summary and Further Consequences

Philomen Probert

in Ancient Greek Accentuation: Synchronic Patterns, Frequency Effects, and Prehistory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279609
eISBN:
9780191707292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279609.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter draws together results and suggests that the accentual stability of very frequent words and of words containing frequent and synchronically recognized suffixes both result from the ... More


Deinflectionalization

Muriel Norde

in Degrammaticalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199207923
eISBN:
9780191709135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter deals with the second type of degrammaticalization, involving bound morphemes. Deinflectionalization is defined as ‘a composite change whereby an inflectional affix in a specific ... More


Lexicalization of Sound Change and Alternating Environments

Joan Bybee

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter examines sound changes that occur at the boundaries between two words, setting up more than one variant for a word. What happens in such cases is interesting, because it is common for ... More


Word Frequency and Context of Use in the Lexical Diffusion of Phonetically Conditioned Sound Change

Joan Bybee

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

Lexical diffusion refers to the way a sound change affects the lexicon. If a sound change is lexically abrupt, all the words of a language are affected by the sound change at the same rate. If a ... More


Convergence and Attrition

CAROL MYERS-SCOTTON

in Contact Linguistics: Bilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299530
eISBN:
9780191708107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299530.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter indicates similarities and differences between convergence and attrition. It defines convergence as the restructuring of a clause's frame, and attrition as a replacement of either ... More


The Type duim in Archaic Latin

WOLFGANG DAVID CIRILO DE MELO

in The Early Latin Verb System: Archaic Forms in Plautus, Terence, and Beyond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209026
eISBN:
9780191706141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209026.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Subjunctives of the type duim ‘I may give’ contain the same optative morpheme as the sigmatic faxim ‘I may do’. Similarly, they always have non-past meaning, but have peculiar restrictions of use in ... More


The Order of Verbal Affixes and Functional Structure in Imbabura Quichua *

Peter Cole and Gabriella Hermon

in Functional Heads: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199746736
eISBN:
9780199949519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746736.003.0023
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides a case study on the cartography of an exotic language and addresses the question of the functional articulation of clause structure based on the analysis of some functional ... More


Introduction: words and paradigms

Andrew Spencer

in Lexical Relatedness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199679928
eISBN:
9780191761508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199679928.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter serves to introduce the basic concepts of lexical relatedness and the concept of a paradigm bequeathed to us from studies, ancient and modern, of inflectional systems. Words can be ... More


Morphological Length and Prosodically Defective Morphemes

Eva Zimmermann

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198747321
eISBN:
9780191809736
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198747321.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Syntax and Morphology

This book investigates the phenomenon of Morphological Length-Manipulation: processes of segment lengthening, shortening, deletion, and insertion that cannot be explained by phonological means but ... More


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