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Unprincipled Virtue: An Inquiry Into Moral Agency

Nomy Arpaly

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195152043
eISBN:
9780199785780
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152042.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book presents a positive theory of moral worth. Chapter 1 examines the complexities of moral life that appear to differ from the paradigmatic cases of moral psychology. Chapter 2 argues against ... More


Moral Motivation

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

The feeling of respect for the moral law is the moral incentive capable of explaining actions on moral principles, “from duty alone”. It is the psychologically forceful motive of duty. Actions have ... More


Moral Worth

Nomy Arpaly

in Unprincipled Virtue: An Inquiry Into Moral Agency

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195152043
eISBN:
9780199785780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152042.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes a quality-of-will based theory of moral worth. It argues that people are praiseworthy for acts of good will and blameworthy for acts of ill will or absence of good will, and the ... More


Evil Nature, Good Will

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

The “radical evil” of human nature is, in Kant's view, our enduring predisposition to deviate from the moral law. It comes in three degrees: frailty (moral weakness), impurity, and depravity ... More


Maxims and Moral Worth Redux

Henry E. Allison

in Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199691531
eISBN:
9780191731808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691531.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is concerned with two topics. The first is Kant conception of maxims, which are the subjective principles on which finite rational agents act. It claims that maxims are freely adopted by ... More


Moral Motivation

Timothy Schroeder, Adina L. Roskies, and Shaun Nichols

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

To understand the nature of moral motivation, it is important first to understand the nature of motivation. This chapter begins with a discussion of motivation itself and then sketches four possible ... More


The ‘Shun and Avoid’ Test as the Basis for Actionability

Lawrence McNamara

in Reputation and Defamation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199231454
eISBN:
9780191710858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231454.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

It is commonly said that the supplementary ‘shun and avoid’ and ridicule tests are distinguished from the principal test because words can be actionable under these tests even if they do not suggest ... More


Moral Understanding and Morally Worthy Action

Alison Hills

in The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge from Egoism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199213306
eISBN:
9780191594212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213306.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What is it to understand why a moral proposition is true? Moral understanding, in this sense, differs from moral knowledge (both knowledge that p is true and knowledge why it is true). Moral ... More


Blame, Autonomy, and Problem Cases

Nomy Arpaly

in Unprincipled Virtue: An Inquiry Into Moral Agency

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195152043
eISBN:
9780199785780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152042.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents examples which show that agent-autonomy is a necessary condition for moral praise- or blameworthiness. It argues that commonsensical conclusions about praise and blame can be ... More


Equality, Cosmopolitanism, and Global Justice

Gillian Brock

in Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230938
eISBN:
9780191710957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230938.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the model of global justice developed in this book adequately reflects our moral equality and also can defensibly claim to be cosmopolitan. The chapter begins by considering ... More


Morality and Self-Representation at Court

Leslie Peirce

in Morality Tales: Law and Gender in the Ottoman Court of Aintab

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520228900
eISBN:
9780520926974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228900.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter examines how morality animated the work of the court and its users in Aintab. It explains that preserving reputation was a goal of much litigation at court and of many of the voluntary ... More


Humility, Arrogance, and Self-Respect in Kant and Hill

Robin S. Dillon

in Reason, Value, and Respect: Kantian Themes from the Philosophy of Thomas E. Hill, Jr.

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199699575
eISBN:
9780191793035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199699575.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Both Kant and Hill write in praise of humility and in condemnation of arrogance, a trait widely regarded as the vice to which the virtue of humility is the prevention and cure. Arrogance can easily ... More


Equality, Rights, and Sentientist Politics

Alasdair Cochrane

in Sentientist Politics: A Theory of Global Inter-Species Justice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198789802
eISBN:
9780191831485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789802.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 2 defends the claim that each sentient individual possesses an ultimate and equal intrinsic moral worth. It then argues that in light of that worth, all sentient creatures possess a set of ... More


Moral Worth, Credit, and Non-Accidentality

Keshav Singh

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 10

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198867944
eISBN:
9780191904578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867944.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends an account of moral worth. Moral worth is a status that some, but not all, morally right actions have. Unlike with merely right actions, when an agent performs a morally worthy ... More


From Duty for the Right Reasons

Teemu Toppinen

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Volume 9

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198846253
eISBN:
9780191881398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846253.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An action has moral worth when it’s a morally right action and when it is motivated in such a way that its being right is not accidental. When an action is, in this way, non-accidentally right, the ... More


Moral Worth and Normative Ethics

Nomy Arpaly

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 5

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198744665
eISBN:
9780191808838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744665.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It has been argued by Arpaly and Markovits that an action with moral worth is done for the right reasons—reasons that make it right. This chapter argues that the “right reasons” view of moral worth ... More


Do All Persons Have Equal Moral Worth?: On 'Basic Equality' and Equal Respect and Concern

Uwe Steinhoff (ed.)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198719502
eISBN:
9780191788604
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719502.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In present-day political and moral philosophy the idea that all persons are in some way moral equals has become dogma, with its defenders often claiming that philosophical positions that reject the ... More


Against Equal Respect and Concern, Equal Rights, and Egalitarian Impartiality

Uwe Steinhoff

in Do All Persons Have Equal Moral Worth?: On 'Basic Equality' and Equal Respect and Concern

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198719502
eISBN:
9780191788604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719502.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that the often-heard claim that all serious present-day political philosophers are in some fundamental sense egalitarians is wrong. It also rejects the claim that the methods ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 5

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198744665
eISBN:
9780191808838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744665.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is Volume 5 in a series which features contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. This volume includes thirteen chapters, covering the following topics: the asymmetry of ... More


Motive and Rightness in Kant’s Ethical System

Mark Timmons

in Significance and System: Essays on Kant's Ethics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190203368
eISBN:
9780190203399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190203368.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kant distinguishes actions that conform to duty and are thus dutiful from an action’s moral worth. Moral worth, for Kant, depends on whether one’s sole and sufficient motive for a dutiful action is ... More


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