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Virtues and Vices

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes between personality traits and character traits, and between moral virtues, personal virtues, and social virtues. It presents analyses of individual moral virtues, e.g., ... More


Social Moral Epistemology and the Tasks of Ethics

Allen Buchanan

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter first identifies what is extremely valuable and distinctive in the approach to Ethics Glover takes in Humanity. It then goes on to argue that Glover's approach is incomplete, because it ... More


The Inquiring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology

Jason Baehr

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604074
eISBN:
9780191729300
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604074.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is a contribution to “responsibilist” or character‐based virtue‐epistemology, which is an approach to epistemology that gives a primary role to reflection on intellectual character virtues ... More


Moral Sickness: Plato and the Psychiatrists

Mike W. Martin

in From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the ways moral values are embedded in conceptions of mental disorders and positive health, focusing on when mental health is defined negatively, as in the absence of mental ... More


Religion and Morality

Matt J. Rossano

in Supernatural Selection: How Religion Evolved

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195385816
eISBN:
9780199870080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385816.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 8 addresses the relationship between religion and morality. It is argued that both religion and morality share a common evolutionary source: social life. Thus, while religion is certainly not ... More


Common Projects

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter attempts to understand the widespread and plausible treatment of loyal caring for good common projects — for their own sake and not just for their contribution to the well-being of ... More


The Structure of Virtue

Julia Annas

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines two issues relative to providing a rich notion of virtue of epistemology: (i) the connection between virtue and skill; and (ii) the relation of virtue to success. It argues that ... More


Aquinas: Moral Virtue

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Thomas Aquinas' account of the will, freedom, and happiness makes room for virtues as expressions of free will. Rational agents share a schematic ... More


Aristotle on the Perfect Life

Anthony Kenny

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240174
eISBN:
9780191680106
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240174.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle's teaching on the subject of happiness has been a topic of intense philosophical debate. Did he hold that happiness consists in the exercise of all the virtues, moral and intellectual, or ... More


On the Distinction between Intellectual and Moral Virtues

Jason Baehr

in The Inquiring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604074
eISBN:
9780191729300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604074.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Appendix examines the relationship between intellectual virtues, conceived as character traits, and what are typically thought of as moral virtues. Three possible accounts of this relation are ... More


The Reformation and Scholastic Moral Philosophy

Terence Irwin

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Modern moral philosophy developed especially in England, Scotland, and Germany, in areas where the Reformation was widely accepted, in its Lutheran, or ... More


How to Be Happy

Brian Davies

in The Thought of Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198267539
eISBN:
9780191600500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198267533.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Theology

What is it that perfects and fulfils human beings and what is really good for them? To put it at its simplest, Thomas Aquinas’ answer is that we are perfect, fulfilled, and good when we are happy, ... More


Eudemian Ethics

Jonathan Barnes and Anthony Kenny (eds)

in Aristotle's Ethics: Writings from the Complete Works

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158464
eISBN:
9781400852369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158464.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This section presents the English translation of Eudemian Ethics, which offers reflections on happiness—described in the text as the noblest, the best, and the most pleasant of human goods—and how it ... More


Understanding ‘Virtue’ and the Virtue of Understanding

Wayne D. Riggs

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers an alternative to the standard success-oriented epistemological theories by arguing that the highest epistemic good is a state which includes much more than the achievement of ... More


The Involuntary Nature of Moral Character

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hume claims that we are responsible for those qualities of mind or character that affect others and ourselves in pleasurable or painful ways. Insofar as our action and deportment express our ... More


Justice and the Virtues

Joel J. Kupperman

in Character

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195096545
eISBN:
9780199852918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195096545.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter investigates the idea of unity of virtues by analyzing justice. The nature of justice cannot be appreciated without a prior understanding of the limited scope of the word and of the ... More


Erōs and Marriage

Jeffrey Beneker

in The Passionate Statesman: Erõs and Politics in Plutarch's Lives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695904
eISBN:
9780191741319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695904.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines how Plutarch combines Aristotle's definition of friendship, as expressed in the Nicomachean Ethics, with Plato's conception of the soul to describe the ideal marriage, and ... More


Leadership: Moral Sources

James L. Heft S.M.

in Catholic High Schools: Facing the New Realities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199796656
eISBN:
9780199919352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796656.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the moral dimensions of leadership in Catholic schools. The chapter unfolds in two steps. First, it offers a description of four moral virtues—prudence, justice, fortitude, ... More


Nicomachean Ethics

Jonathan Barnes and Anthony Kenny (eds)

in Aristotle's Ethics: Writings from the Complete Works

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158464
eISBN:
9781400852369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158464.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this English translation of Nicomachean Ethics, the discussion begins with the statement that all human activities aim at some good: some goods are subordinate to others. The text then considers ... More


An Alternative Modernity: Mill on Capitalism and the Quality of Life

Nadia Urbinati

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The chapter shows how the dialogue with ancient moral philosophy prompted John Stuart Mill's reflection on modernity. To cultivate the “quality of life”—a Millian expression that echoes Aristotle's ... More


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