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Normative Ethics

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This final chapter presents some general guidelines for thinking about the structure of our reasoning about norms. It begins with a dismissal of a purely evolutionary perspective on the contents of ... More


On the Moral Point of View

Joseph Raz

in Engaging Reason: On the Theory of Value and Action

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248001
eISBN:
9780191598272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248001.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The existence and nature of a moral point of view is explored. There is a philosophically deep way of dividing considerations into moral and non‐moral such that even thought other context‐dependent, ... More


Is Legal Philosophy Normative?

Andrei Marmor

in Philosophy of Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141671
eISBN:
9781400838707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141671.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

H. L. A. Hart characterized his theory about the nature of law as “descriptive and morally neutral.” Like previous legal positivists such as John Austin and Hans Kelsen, he thought that a ... More


Two Senses of Moral Verdict and Moral Overridingness

Paul Hurley

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 6

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198790587
eISBN:
9780191833229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790587.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes two senses in which philosophers speak of moral verdicts that invite two senses of moral overridingness. The first takes such moral verdicts to reflect decisive reasons for ... More


‘ON PEUT LE COMPARER … À UNE SORTE DE MALADIE’ WOMEN AND MEDICINE, 1770–1914

ANNA RICHARDS

in The Wasting Heroine in German Fiction by Women 1770-1914

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199267545
eISBN:
9780191708398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267545.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter examines the new views about women which were put forward at this period by German medical writers and the French writers who influenced them, and they compare them with those which were ... More


Introduction

Thomas Schramme

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the main findings of the medical research on psychopathy as well as the most significant threads of the philosophical debates surrounding psychopathy. It also introduces the ... More


Same Sex, Different States: When Same-Sex Marriages Cross State Lines

Andrew Koppelman

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300113402
eISBN:
9780300135138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300113402.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Must a state in which gay marriage is not legal recognize such a marriage performed in another state? The Constitution does not require recognition in all cases, but it does forbid states from ... More


The Irrelevance of Moral Uncertainty

Elizabeth Harman

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 10

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198738695
eISBN:
9780191802515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738695.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Suppose you believe you’re morally required to φ‎ but that it’s not a big deal; and yet you think it might be deeply morally wrong to φ‎. You are in a state of moral uncertainty, holding high ... More


Being a (A-)Moral Person and Caring about Morality

Thomas Schramme

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter starts from a specific interpretation of what it means to know the difference between right and wrong, which stems from Gilbert Ryle. To know the difference between right and wrong ... More


Moral Judgment and Volitional Incapacity

Antti Kauppinen

in Action, Ethics, and Responsibility

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014731
eISBN:
9780262289276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014731.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the various kinds of motivational failure and how they have significant and underappreciated implications for metaethics. The central question in metaethics lies in knowing ... More


Conclusion

Thaddeus Metz

in A Relational Moral Theory: African Ethics in and beyond the Continent

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780198748960
eISBN:
9780191811586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198748960.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 13 concludes the book. It first highlights some of the communal ethic’s advantages compared to standard utilitarian and Kantian moral theories, recalling how it uniquely grounds judgements ... More


Drawing Morals: Essays in Ethical Theory

Thomas Hurka

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199743094
eISBN:
9780190267544
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199743094.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This volume contains chapters on moral and political philosophy. The chapters address a wide variety of topics, from the well-rounded life and the value of playing games to proportionality in war and ... More


Two Concepts of Rule Utilitarianism

Susan Wolf

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 6

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198790587
eISBN:
9780191833229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790587.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In a famous article, J. J. C. Smart argued against the idea that utilitarians could avoid counterintuitive moral judgments by adopting an indirect version of their theory such as rule utilitarianism. ... More


Kantian Autonomy and Contemporary Ideas of Autonomy

Thomas E. Hill, Jr.

in Beyond Duty: Kantian Ideals of Respect, Beneficence, and Appreciation

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780192845481
eISBN:
9780191937705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192845481.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Kant argued that autonomy of the will is a necessary presupposition of all morality. His idea of autonomy is abstract, foundational, normative, and a key to his defense of the rationality of moral ... More


Moral Reasoning

Gilbert Harman

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 6

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198790587
eISBN:
9780191833229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790587.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the complex nature of moral reasoning as an activity people engage in that can lead to a change in one’s moral view. The particular model of change (whether construed as a ... More


Don’t Try to Do Someone Else’s Job

Stanley Fish

in Save the World on Your Own Time

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195369021
eISBN:
9780197563243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195369021.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

Some of the hits taken by administrators will be delivered by those faculty members who have forgotten (or never knew) what their job is and spend time trying to form their students’ character or ... More


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