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Truth as One and Many

Michael P. Lynch

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199218738
eISBN:
9780191711794
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218738.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

What is truth? This book defends a new answer to this question. Traditional theories of truth hold that truth has only a single uniform nature. All truths are true in the same way. More recent ... More


Moral Knowledge: Pure Reason and the Law

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 2 focuses on moral knowledge and examines the epistemic component of autonomy that supports a cognitivist, objectivist, and Kantian realist interpretation of right. The argument is set up ... More


Conclusion

Catherine Osborne

in Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers: Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199282067
eISBN:
9780191712944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282067.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This brief chapter draws out the implications of the earlier chapters, particularly in respect of the fact that even where it appears that morality is responsive to natural facts which can be ... More


Against Objectivity

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The sensibility theory of morals is a subjectivist theory. To some, this is a sufficient reason for rejection. They insist that morality is objective. It is an objective fact that killing innocent ... More


Knowledge of Goodness

Colin McGinn

in Ethics, Evil, and Fiction

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238775
eISBN:
9780191598005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238770.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

In this chapter, McGinn argues that ethical knowledge belongs to a distinct epistemological category from scientific knowledge. Pursuing an analogy with mathematics and modern linguistics, McGinn ... More


Intuitionism

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Intuitionism, the second type of descriptivism, is the theory that the truth conditions of moral statements depend on irreducible moral properties, which must be defined in moral terms. The ... More


Recognition Denied in Don Giovanni

Jessica Waldoff

in Recognition in Mozart's Operas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151978
eISBN:
9780199870387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151978.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Opera

This chapter shows how critical thinking about recognition makes it possible to reframe the questions that have dominated the reception of this opera. Is Don Giovanni a hero or a villain? Is the ... More


On Truth in Ethics

MARCUS GEORGE SINGER

in The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes that ethical statements or judgements are ‘capable of truth’. It outlines the three formal properties of truth and argues that ... More


Naturalism

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys traditional responses to the skeptical regress problem for justified moral belief. It looks at naturalism, which attempts to derive “ought” from “is” or, more precisely, to ... More


The Partial Overlap/Convergence of Reasonable Views

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The rationality and consistency tests defended in Chapter 6 can be used to discredit and rule out certain moral principles and moral judgments and, thus, indirectly establish the truth of certain ... More


Moral Change and Social Relativism

Joseph Raz

in Engaging Reason: On the Theory of Value and Action

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248001
eISBN:
9780191598272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248001.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The fact of multiculturalism cannot have much bearing on moral epistemology unless it bears on moral truths. It is argued that the existence of some values is dependent on the practices that sustain ... More


Moral Knowledge and Experience 1

Sarah McGrath

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores how one might attempt to reconcile two widely held ideas about morality that stand in prima facie tension with one another. The first idea is that moral knowledge — whatever ... More


Justice, Exploitation, and the End of Morality

Alan Ryan

in The Making of Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148403
eISBN:
9781400841950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148403.003.0033
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines exploitation—what it is for somebody to be exploited, in what ways people can be and are exploited, whether exploitation necessarily involves coercion, what Karl Marx's ... More


God's Natural Laws

Charles Taliaferro

in Natural Law, Liberalism, and Morality: Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199243006
eISBN:
9780191697203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243006.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter discusses a framework for theistic moral arguments with respect to objective moral truths. The chapter also puts forward a proposal for how a successful argument can be constructed where ... More


Living High and Letting Die Reconsidered: On the Costs of a Morally Decent Life

Peter Unger

in Living High and Letting Die: Our Illusion of Innocence

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108590
eISBN:
9780199868261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108590.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is very costly, far more than is usually supposed, for well‐off people to lead a morally decent life in a world in which suffering may easily be prevented. The amount a person must contribute is ... More


Moral Knowledge

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

in God and Cosmos: Moral Truth and Human Meaning

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199931194
eISBN:
9780190464165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931194.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers an array of challenges posed to moral knowledge by secular ethical theories predicated on an unguided process of evolution. Evolutionary moral psychology is thought by some to ... More


Agreement

Samuel Scheffler

in On What Matters: Volume Two

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572816
eISBN:
9780191809873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572816.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a philosophical discussion of agreement. It is often argued that we cannot rationally believe that there are moral truths, given the facts of deep and widespread moral ... More


Conventional Convictions

in On Ethics and History: Essays and Letters of Zhang Xuecheng

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804761284
eISBN:
9780804772884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804761284.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the English translation of one of Zhang's essays, which explores what it is to arrive at legitimate moral judgments. It begins by arguing that all convictions begin with doubt, ... More


Human Rights and the Politics of Contestation

Michael Goodhart

in Human Rights at the Crossroads

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199376414
eISBN:
9780190259853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199376414.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter illuminates the politics of contestation engendered by human rights by offering an alternative ontology of human rights. It argues that human rights are not propositions about moral ... More


Snow in Arcadia: rewriting the English lyric landscape

Anne Sweeney

in Robert Southwell: Snow in Arcadia: Redrawing the English Lyric Landscape, 1586-95

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719074189
eISBN:
9781781701195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719074189.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter discusses Southwell's efforts to rewrite the landscape of English lyrics, first examining English courtly poetry, which was introduced during the 1580s. It was also during this time that ... More


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