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Character: Moral Treatment and the Personality Disorders

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that the conditions under the umbrella “personality disorders” actually constitute two very different kinds of theoretical entities. In particular, several core personality ... More


A History of Powerlessness

Donald M. Linhorst

in Empowering People with Severe Mental Illness: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195171877
eISBN:
9780199865338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171877.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter describes the history of powerlessness of people with mental illness. This helps to put into context current limitations to empowerment and provides direction for creating opportunities ... More


The role of work in late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century treatises on moral treatment in France, Tuscany and Britain

Jane Freebody

in Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter challenges the view that all French, Tuscan and British treatises advocating moral treatment for the insane written between 1750 and 1840 recommended patient work. While most early ... More


An Asylum for Idiots

DAVID WRIGHT

in Mental Disability in Victorian England: The Earlswood Asylum 1847-1901

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199246397
eISBN:
9780191715235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246397.003.003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Recent work on the emergence of the 19th-century county asylums in England has emphasised the important role that philanthropy played in the establishment of the rate-aided mental hospitals for ... More


Managing Lunatics within the Domestic Sphere

Akihito Suzuki

in Madness at Home: The Psychiatrist, the Patient, and the Family in England, 1820-1860

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520245808
eISBN:
9780520932210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245808.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter moves away from dealing with medical practitioners to illuminate the family's own understanding of and ways of coping with the family member's lunacy. It aims to demonstrate the ... More


The hollow gardener and other stories: Reason and relation in the work cure

Jennifer Laws

in Work, Psychiatry and Society, C. 1750-2015

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719097690
eISBN:
9781526104465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097690.003.0017
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

How have the proponents and practitioners of work therapy through time imagined work to benefit the mentally unwell? This chapter explores two common explanations of work therapy that have prevailed ... More


Treatment of the Insane: Conflict between Theory and Practice

Debjani Das

in Houses of Madness: Insanity and Asylums of Bengal in Nineteenth-century India

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199458875
eISBN:
9780199085484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458875.003.0003
Subject:
History, Indian History

The treatment practised in the asylums was correlated with the understanding of insanity and the building plan of the asylums. The therapeutic means adopted in asylums by the medical officers could ... More


The General Superintendence of All Their Departments

Owen Whooley

in On the Heels of Ignorance: Psychiatry and the Politics of Not Knowing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226616247
eISBN:
9780226616414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616414.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the emergence of psychiatry as a profession during the asylum era (1840 to 1890) and identifies the origins of its longstanding struggle with ignorance. Psychiatric ... More


The Paradox of Enlightened Care: Saint Elizabeths in the Era of Moral Treatment, 1855–1877

Martin Summers

in Madness in the City of Magnificent Intentions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190852641
eISBN:
9780190060138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190852641.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, American History: 20th Century

This chapter covers Saint Elizabeths during the tenure of its first superintendent, Charles H. Nichols (1855–1877), including the impact of the Civil War on the composition of the patient population, ... More


Houses of Madness: Insanity and Asylums of Bengal in Nineteenth-century India

Debjani Das

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199458875
eISBN:
9780199085484
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199458875.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

This book presents an analysis of the history of mental asylums in nineteenth-century Bengal. It explores these institutions through several phases of their development, which not only involved ... More


Alienism: Mad-Doctoring and the Mad Poet

James Whitehead

in Madness and the Romantic Poet: A Critical History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198733706
eISBN:
9780191798054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733706.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism

This chapter uses the history of medicine and psychiatry to examine attitudes towards the creative or literary mind in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Accounting for existing scholarly work ... More


Introduction: Sanative Culture

in Theaters of Madness: Insane Asylums and Nineteenth-Century American Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709635
eISBN:
9780226709659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709659.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

From the early 1830s until just before the Civil War, a great utopian movement to rehabilitate the insane resulted in the construction of dozens of publicly funded asylums, primarily but not ... More


“Humanity Requires All the Relief Which Can Be Afforded”: The Birth of the Federal Asylum

Martin Summers

in Madness in the City of Magnificent Intentions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190852641
eISBN:
9780190060138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190852641.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, American History: 20th Century

This chapter covers the prehistory of Saint Elizabeths, including efforts to manage the insane in the District of Columbia in the first half of the nineteenth century and the establishment of the ... More


Interlude: Interview with Maud Casey

Jason Tougaw

in The Elusive Brain: Literary Experiments in the Age of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221176
eISBN:
9780300235609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221176.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

In this interlude, Tougaw and Casey discuss her novel The Man Who Walked Away in the context of cultural and historical fluctuations in the diagnosis of mental experience as pathology. The ... More


Epilogue: Echoes

in Theaters of Madness: Insane Asylums and Nineteenth-Century American Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709635
eISBN:
9780226709659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709659.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Histories of psychiatry tell us that the moral treatment movement in America ended in the decades after the Civil War. And yet it is not entirely over, even today. In literature and popular culture, ... More


What's the Point of a Revolution?: Edgar Allan Poe and the Origins of the Asylum

in Theaters of Madness: Insane Asylums and Nineteenth-Century American Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709635
eISBN:
9780226709659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709659.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Building on a close reading of Edgar Allan Poe's short story “The System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether,” this chapter explores some of the inner contradictions in the ideology of the asylum ... More


Farm Colonies for the Mentally Ill and Disabled in Europe and America

Barbara Arneil

in Domestic Colonies: The Turn Inward to Colony

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198803423
eISBN:
9780191841606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803423.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

In Chapter 5, the volume turns to the second category of domestic colonies, namely, farm colonies for the ‘irrational’ (the mentally ill, disabled, and those with epilepsy), focusing on the first ... More


Out of the Attic: Gender, Captivity, And Asylum Exposés

in Theaters of Madness: Insane Asylums and Nineteenth-Century American Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226709635
eISBN:
9780226709659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226709659.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter explores some of the cultural forces and gendered dynamics that contributed to the downfall of the moral treatment movement. Much of the focus is on the successful reform efforts of ... More


Introduction

Wendy Gonaver

in The Peculiar Institution and the Making of Modern Psychiatry, 1840-1880

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648446
eISBN:
9781469648460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648446.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

The introduction surveys nineteenth-century asylums. Two features are emphasized: 1) the transatlantic appeal of moral treatment and its demise in the United States after the Civil War; and 2) the ... More


As the Eagle to the Sparrow: Enslaved Attendants and Caregiving

Wendy Gonaver

in The Peculiar Institution and the Making of Modern Psychiatry, 1840-1880

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469648446
eISBN:
9781469648460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469648446.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the lives of the enslaved men and women who worked at the Eastern Lunatic Asylum, particularly their interactions with patients and administrators. Enslaved attendants were ... More


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