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Cognitive Neuroscience and the Structure of the Moral Mind *

Joshua Greene

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses neurocognitive work relevant to moral psychology and the proposition that innate factors make important contributions to moral judgment. It reviews various sources of evidence ... More


Assessing Hare’s Theory

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a summary assessment of Hare’s theory, both as an empirical account of actual human moral thinking and as a normative theory of how we ought to think and act. The chapter argues ... More


Introduction

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter discusses the concept of personhood, and provides a general overview of Hare’s theory. In day-to-day speech, “person” is often used synonymously with “human being,” but in ... More


Hare on the Logic of Moral Discourse

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Hare argues that all moral thinking is ultimately utilitarian, because moral judgements have three logical properties that, taken together, force us to think like utilitarians. At the same time, he ... More


The Nature of Intuitive-Level System (ILS) Rules

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Hare argues that good utilitarian reasons can be given for not thinking like utilitarians in most normal situations, where several different kinds of rules should be adhered to. This chapter focuses ... More


Pagan Virtue: An Essay in Ethics

John Casey

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240037
eISBN:
9780191680069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240037.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the classical virtues of courage, temperance, practical wisdom, and justice, which are largely ignored in modern moral philosophy, centrally define the good for Man. The ... More


Incoherence in Kantian and commonsense Moral Thinking

Michael Slote

in From Morality to Virtue

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195093926
eISBN:
9780199833689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195093925.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Kantian and commonsense moral thinking are incoherent because self‐other asymmetry does not cogently combine with the belief that we owe more to people the closer they are to us in familial or ... More


Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Gary E. Varner

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

R.M. Hare was one of the most important ethical theorists in the second half of the 20th century, and one of his graduate students, Peter Singer, became famous for his writings on animals and ... More


The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Marcus George Singer

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book collects the most important essays by the distinguished moral philosopher Marcus G. Singer. Its guiding theme is the concept of a morality based in reason, ... More


Reconciling Our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics

Allan Gibbard

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370423
eISBN:
9780199851980
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370423.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book represents the Berkeley Tanner Lectures given by the ethical theorist, Allan Gibbard. It explores the nature of normative thought and the bases of ethics. The first chapter explores the ... More


Moral Conflicts

R. M. Hare

in Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246602
eISBN:
9780191597596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246609.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hare introduces a distinction between two levels of moral thinking; the first being the intuitive and the second being the critical. These levels of moral thinking are concerned with moral questions ... More


Two levels of moral thinking 1

Daniel Star

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This paper introduces a two level account of moral thinking that, unlike the alternatives, is able to do justice to three very plausible propositions that seem to form an inconsistent triad: (1) ... More


Judaic Sources and Western Thought: Jerusalem's Enduring Presence

Jonathan Jacobs (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199583157
eISBN:
9780191728952
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583157.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This book explores the significance and enduring relevance of Judaic roots and sources of important European and Western moral and political ideas and ideals. The book focuses on the distinct ... More


Conclusions

Michael Moriarty

in Fallen Nature, Fallen Selves: Early Modern French Thought II

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199291038
eISBN:
9780191710599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291038.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

The key themes of the book are recapitulated in the course of a general assessment of the relationship of Augustinianism and Cartesianism in 17th-century moral thought. The writers discovered are ... More


A Conflict of Duties

H. A. Prichard

in Moral Writings

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250196
eISBN:
9780191598265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250197.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In his general account of moral thought, Prichard holds that to regard a given action as right, we must imagine ourselves to be in a certain set of circumstances. In doing so, we conceive of ... More


Poverty and the Ideal Self

Thomas Dixon

in The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The 1880s were the pivotal years in Victorian moral thought. A new wave of awareness of the plight of the urban poor was expressed in a range of both practical and intellectual activities. Some, such ... More


“Moralised Fables”

Jesse Rosenthal

in Good Form: The Ethical Experience of the Victorian Novel

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196640
eISBN:
9781400883738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196640.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This introductory chapter discusses how, over the course of the nineteenth century, an “intuitive” faith in an internalized sense of right and wrong came to take an increasingly prominent, if ... More


Making Moral Meanings

Thomas Dixon

in The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter explains how ‘altruism’ made its way into the first published part of the greatest record of the English language, the Oxford English Dictionary. It uses this story of lexicographers, ... More


Samuel Johnson and Eighteenth-Century Thought

Nicholas Hudson

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112143
eISBN:
9780191670671
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112143.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Although there are many books on Samuel Johnson's moral and religious thought, none has provided a detailed analysis of his relationship with the ethics and theology of the eighteenth century. This ... More


The Holy Trinity: The State of the Questions

Gerald O'Collins

in The Trinity: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Trinity

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246120
eISBN:
9780191600531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246122.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Gerald O’Collins picks out and comments on twelve issues in current literature about the Trinity: the widespread desire to ‘rehabilitate’ the centrality of trinitarian faith; the biblical witness ... More


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