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Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Mary Briody Mahowald

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This book deals with bioethical issues relevant to women across the life span. “Gender justice” is the starting point and the end point of the author’s approach to the issues addressed. The first ... More


 Different Starting Points, Standpoints, End Points

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Terms crucial to bioethical debate are examined: these include life, death, human, person, moral status, and moral agency. The moral relevance of the gestational tie between a woman and her fetus as ... More


Prenatal Moral Status and Ethics

David DeGrazia

in Creation Ethics: Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195389630
eISBN:
9780199949731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389630.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses the question of how we should understand the moral status of the prenatal human being and the attendant ethical issues of abortion and embryo research. The first section ... More


Conclusion

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a few concluding remarks about the goal of achieving a greater consensus in our judgements of moral status. It argues that adopting a multi-criterial theory of moral status does ... More


Special Agents: Children's Autonomy and Parental Authority

Robert Noggle

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Cognitive incompetence cannot adequately explain the special character of children's moral status. It is, in fact, because children lack preference structures that are sufficiently stable over time ... More


Applying the Principles

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter reviews the principles proposed in Chapter 6. The first three principles refer to nested classes of entities: living organisms, sentient beings, and moral agents. Beings of each class ... More


Introduction

David Archard and Colin M. Macleod

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the history of philosophy, children have been seen as the property of their parents and as beings who must develop into adults. Both views provide some kind of warrant for the exercise of parental ... More


The Moral and Political Status of Children

David Archard and Colin M. Macleod (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

There is a trend towards taking children seriously as distinct subjects of moral and political theory who have complex and evolving interests. Children are developing beings whose moral status ... More


Discrimination, Partial Concern, and Arbitrariness

Gerald Lang

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Drawing on some of Bernard Williams's work, especially his essays ‘The Idea of Equality’ and ‘The Human Prejudice’, this chapter argues that ‘speciesism’ is very unlike racism or sexism, and that ... More


The Concept of Moral Status

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter comments on moral status as an intuitive or common-sense concept, and on two widespread — though not universal — beliefs about which things have moral status and which do not. It ... More


A Multi-Criterial Analysis of Moral Status

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents an account that ties moral status both to certain intrinsic properties and to certain relational ones. Three key intrinsic properties — life, sentience, and moral agency — are ... More


Personhood and Moral Rights

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines two variants of the concept of a person, and considers the arguments for regarding personhood, in either of these two senses, as the sole criterion of moral status. The first, ... More


Life Before Birth: The Moral and Legal Status of Embryos and Fetuses

Bonnie Steinbock

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195341621
eISBN:
9780199897131
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341621.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book provides a coherent framework for addressing bioethical issues in which the moral status of embryos and fetuses is relevant. It is based on the “interest view,” which ascribes moral ... More


 Decisions at Parturition and Birth

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to the decisions of pregnant women about methods of childbirth, elective cesarean delivery, impaired newborns, and sex assignment at birth are presented. For ... More


Sentience and the Utilitarian Calculus

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the sentience criterion, which has been defended by such utilitarian theorists as Jeremy Bentham and Peter Singer. It argues that a being's capacity to experience pleasure and ... More


Paternalism and Perfectionism

Jonathan Quong

in Liberalism without Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594870
eISBN:
9780191723513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594870.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter argues that liberal perfectionism is almost entirely unable to escape the charge of paternalism. This is true because liberal perfectionism has no satisfactory answer to a simple but ... More


Reverence for Life

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the ethic of Reverence for Life developed by Albert Schweitzer, and defended in modified form by some contemporary environmental ethicists. It argues that, although life is a ... More


The Relevance of Relationships

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines two theories of moral status which are based upon relational rather than intrinsic properties. Some deep ecologists, such as J. Baird Callicott, hold that the moral status of a ... More


Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Mary Anne Warren

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book explores a theoretical question that lies at the heart of practical ethics: what are the criteria for having moral status? In other words, what are the criteria for being an entity towards ... More


The Problem of Moral Status

Paola Cavalieri

in The Animal Question: Why Non-Human Animals Deserve Human Rights

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143805
eISBN:
9780199833122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143809.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

After defending the idea that ethics is a theoretical enquiry endowed with autonomous standards of justification and criticism, within which criteria coming from other domains have no direct ... More


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