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AUTHORITY AND TRANSPARENCY: The Example of Feminist Skepticism

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In an age of moral skepticism, moral philosophers are often casual about their own positions to represent moral life in societies segmented by gender, race, class, and other differences. Drawing on ... More


What Is Moral Epistemology?

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter locates moral epistemology within general moral theory, introduces the central questions of moral epistemology, and then distinguishes several versions of moral skepticism. It ends with ... More


Moral Skepticisms

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral Skepticisms provides a detailed overview of moral epistemology, addressing such profound questions as: Are any moral beliefs true? Are any justified? Is moral knowledge possible? ... More


Classy Moral Pyrrhonism

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter applies the general epistemology in Chapter 5 to moral beliefs in particular, and discusses the relevance of moral nihilism. It presents a moderate classy Pyrrhonian moral skepticism, ... More


Morality without Religion

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to the irreligious interpretation, there are two key claims that Hume seeks to establish in the Treatise in respect of morality. The first is that Hume defends the “autonomy of morality” in ... More


Skepticism as Immoralism

Jessica N. Berry

in Nietzsche and the Ancient Skeptical Tradition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368420
eISBN:
9780199867479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368420.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents evidence (historical, textual, and philosophical) for thinking that the Pyrrhonian skeptics' attitude toward morality (really, toward moralizing) is echoed in Nietzsche's ... More


Hume’s Free-Standing Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that Hume provides a free-standing ethics built from a psychologically holistic account of moral reflection. The chapter begins with Hume’s description of how sympathy gives rise ... More


Pragmatism

Sotirios A. Barber and James E. Fleming

in Constitutional Interpretation: The Basic Questions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195328578
eISBN:
9780199855339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328578.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Leading pragmatists including Stanley Fish and Richard Posner have argued that the philosophic approach is fruitless because moral philosophy is a fruitless activity; indeed, they have challenged the ... More


Recent Critics of the Rationality-to-Morality Argument

James P. Sterba

in From Rationality to Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199580767
eISBN:
9780191745836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580767.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

As one might expect, the argument from rationality to morality presented in the previous chapter has not been without its critics. In fact, the argument in its present form owes a great deal to past ... More


The Principal Questions of Constitutional Interpretation

Sotirios A. Barber and James E. Fleming

in Constitutional Interpretation: The Basic Questions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195328578
eISBN:
9780199855339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328578.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter takes up the principal questions of constitutional interpretation and the assumptions underlying the enterprise of constitutional interpretation by considering William Rehnquist's ... More


We’re All Connected: Science, Ethics, and the Law

Stephen Stich

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Though empirical claims have always played a prominent role in theories advanced by moral philosophers, until recently, findings in psychology, neuroscience, and evolutionary biology have made very ... More


The Accidental Error Theorist

Richard Joyce

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The moral error theorist faces many kinds of opposition. One kind of opponent offers an identity claim between moral properties and certain naturalistic properties (e.g., of the format “Goodness = ... More


Moral Scepticism

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247293.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Presents and tries to defuse some classic arguments for moral scepticism, and against the possibility of moral knowledge. Considers the regress argument, an argument from relevant alternatives, and a ... More


Essays in Moral Skepticism

Richard Joyce

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198754879
eISBN:
9780191819865
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754879.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral skepticism is the view that there is no such thing as moral knowledge. One form of skepticism (error theory) holds that moral judgments are all false. Another holds that moral judgments are ... More


Conclusions: The Inescapability of Moral Obligations

C. Stephen Evans

in God and Moral Obligation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199696680
eISBN:
9780191744266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696680.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This book has argued that moral obligations are best explained as God's commands. However, if God does not exist, someone might regard this argument as a reductio of moral realism, giving reasons to ... More


Virtue Ethics: Radical or Routine?

David Solomon

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains why virtue ethics in the latter twentieth century has taken the following two forms: (i) the first form orders evaluative concepts and then argues that the concept of a virtue ... More


Metaethical Pluralism: How both Moral Naturalism and Moral Skepticism may be Permissible Positions

Richard Joyce

in Essays in Moral Skepticism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198754879
eISBN:
9780191819865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754879.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the relationship between moral skepticism and moral naturalism. The point of departure is David Lewis’s thought that “strictly speaking” the error theorist is correct, but ... More


Responsibility, Naturalism, and “The Morality System” *

Paul Russell

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 1

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199694853
eISBN:
9780191757792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694853.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Even those who follow the general strategy of P. F. Strawson’s enormously influential “Freedom and Resentment” accept that his strong naturalist program needs to be substantially modified, if not ... More


Free Will Pessimism

Paul Russell

in Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility Volume 4

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198805601
eISBN:
9780191843563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805601.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The core aim of this paper is to articulate the essential features of an alternative compatibilist position, one that is responsive to sources of resistance to the compatibilist program based on ... More


Agnosticism, Skeptical Theism, and Moral Obligation

Stephen Maitzen

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

Skeptical theism combines theism with skepticism about one’s capacity to discern God’s morally sufficient reasons for permitting evil. Proponents have claimed that skeptical theism defeats the ... More


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