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Spectator Theory

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Explanation of moral judgement in terms of the feelings of spectators is found in Hutcheson and Hume as well as in Adam Smith. Smith's theory marks an advance on the other two.


The Common Point of View

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question how an emotion-based theory of moral discrimination, one that in many ways assimilates moral cognition to color sensation, can explain the fundamental expectation ... More


Commentary 7.5: Endgame

Jonathan Sinclair-Wilson

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Tipping points are troublesome metaphors. They may be more the products of our own imagination than any possible reality. Confusion and uncertainty, together with the possible suddenness and ... More


Moral Psychology

Russell Hardin

in David Hume: Moral and Political Theorist

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199232567
eISBN:
9780191715976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232567.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores Hume's moral theory. Topics discussed include Hume's claim that utility pleases, morality is a natural phenomenon arising from human psychology, the limited role of reason, ... More


Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Ishtiyaque Haji

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To have free will with respect to an act is to have the ability both to perform and to refrain from performing it. This book argues that no one can have practical reasons of a certain sort—“objective ... More


The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Michael L. Frazer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Although known as “the age of reason,” the eighteenth century was actually an era in which many leading moral and political philosophers placed equal emphasis on feeling. While Enlightenment ... More


Hume's Naturalism and Strawson's Reconciling Project

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The best way to reveal the contemporary relevance and interest of the naturalistic interpretation of Hume's “reconciling project” is to show the striking affinities between it and P. F. Strawson's ... More


Retributive Feeling and the Utility of Punishment

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

My primary objective in this chapter is to articulate Hume's theory of punishment. I argue that Hume is committed to a “mixed” or teleological‐retributivist account of punishment. The contemporary ... More


Conclusion

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The final chapter summarizes the book’s principal argument and it draws some general conclusions.


The Content and Objects of Moral Sentiment

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, I deal with a number of difficulties involved in Hume's account of the nature and content of moral sentiment, as implied by his general theory of emotion. I argue that moral ... More


The Naturalism of Hume's “Reconciling Project”

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, I provide a “naturalistic” interpretation of Hume's “reconciling project.” According to Hume, to hold a person responsible is to view them as the object of a moral sentiment, which ... More


Introduction

Andrew Stewart Skinner

in A System of Social Science: Papers Relating to Adam Smith

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233343
eISBN:
9780191678974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233343.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Following the publication of The Theory of Moral Sentiments, it appears that Adam Smith gave greater emphasis to jurisprudence and economics at the expense of the ethical material. While the lectures ... More


Optimal Moral Rules and Supererogatory Acts

Jonathan Riley

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Mill's moral theory, which holds that an act or omission is wrong if and only if it is deserving of punishment for the kind of harm it causes to others without their consent, must be integrated with ... More


Action, Character, and Excuses

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hume's understanding of how moral sentiment is aroused commits him to some puzzling and controversial views about responsibility and excusing considerations. More specifically, Hume maintains that ... More


 The Romantic Era: Emerson's Churches of One

Matthew Mutter

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses Ralph Waldo Emerson's prophetic announcement of both the decay of orthodox, institutional religion and the ascent of a solitary spirituality founded upon the intuition of the ... More


Moral Sentiment and the Sources of Moral Identity

Jacqueline Taylor

in Morality and the Emotions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199577507
eISBN:
9780191731235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577507.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter aims to retrieve the insights of the eighteenth-century accounts of moral sentiment, particularly those of Hume, that point to the importance of praise and pride as crucial sources of ... More


In Defense of Sentimentality

Robert C. Solomon

in In Defense of Sentimentality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780195145502
eISBN:
9780199834969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019514550X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Too often, since the 19th century, sensitivity is dismissed as mere “sentimentality” in philosophy and in literature. It is charged that sentimentality is distorting, self-indulgent, self-deceptive. ... More


From Convention to Moral Desire

John Bricke

in Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume's Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250111
eISBN:
9780191681240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250111.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

When restrained by dependence on suitable conventions, it is the combination of ‘selfishness and confin'd generosity’ — that is, a concern for one's own interests and those of one's friends and ... More


Moral Sentiments and Alternative Possibilities

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is argued in this chapter that various moral sentiments, such as forgiveness, guilt, and indignation are essentially associated with objective reasons. It is also proposed that the truth of ... More


Adam Smith

Alexander Broadie

in A History of Scottish Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748616275
eISBN:
9780748652471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616275.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The masterpieces of Adam Smith include The Theory of Moral Sentiments and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, the latter of which is based on the principle of the division ... More


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