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Moral Reality

Paul Bloomfield

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137132
eISBN:
9780199833092
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137132.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book is a work in metaethics, constituting a defense of moral realism. The book begins with what I call a “modest transcendental argument” for the existence of the property of moral goodness ... More


Moral Language: The “Good” Rules

Paul Bloomfield

in Moral Reality

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137132
eISBN:
9780199833092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137132.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The semantics of “health” are discussed by way of Aquinas’ theory of analogical predication: “health” and “good” have the tripartite semantic structure in terms of a base use, causes, and signs. This ... More


Thick Concepts: Where’s Evaluation? 1

Pekka Väyrynen

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents an alternative to the standard view that at least some of the evaluations that the so-called “thick” terms and concepts in ethics may be used to convey belong to their sense or ... More


God as the Good

Robert Merrihew Adams

in Finite and Infinite Goods: A Framework for Ethics

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153712
eISBN:
9780199869381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195153715.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces the book's central theses about the nature of the Good: that God is the Good itself, the definitive standard of excellence, occupying roughly the role assigned to the Form of ... More


Contextualism, Moral Disagreement, and Proposition Clouds

Jussi Suikkanen

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 14

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198841449
eISBN:
9780191876950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841449.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to contextualist theories in metaethics, when a moral term is used in a context, the context plays an ineliminable part in determining what natural property will be the semantic value of ... More


Naturalistic Moral Realism and Motivational Internalism: From Negative to Positive

Jon Tresan

in Motivational Internalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199367955
eISBN:
9780199367979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199367955.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Motivational internalists say there are necessary attitudinal conditions on moral judgment. Internalists typically explain these necessities by citing moral semantics, properties, or beliefs. But ... More


The Metaethical Insignificance of Moral Twin Earth

J. L. Dowell

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: 11

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198784647
eISBN:
9780191828775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784647.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

What considerations place genuine constraints on an adequate semantics for normative and evaluative expressions? Linguists recognize facts about ordinary uses of such expressions and competent ... More


Against the Semantic View I: THE DATA

Pekka Väyrynen

in The Lewd, the Rude and the Nasty: A Study of Thick Concepts in Ethics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199314751
eISBN:
9780199369225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314751.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter explains the book’s basic methodology: to rely as much as possible only on standard general methods from linguistics and philosophy of language. A wide range of linguistic data are ... More


Diachronic Hybrid Moral Realism

Jon Tresan

in Having It Both Ways: Hybrid Theories and Modern Metaethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199347582
eISBN:
9780199347605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347582.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

A classic metaethical challenge is capturing the ways morality is objective and the ways it is practical, without extravagance: the best balance of objectivity, practicality, and frugality. Hybrid ... More


Thick Concepts and Underdetermination

Pekka Väyrynen

in Thick Concepts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672349
eISBN:
9780191751325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672349.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

Thick terms and concepts in ethics (for example, ‘selfish’, ‘cruel’ and ‘courageous’) somehow combine evaluation and non-evaluative description. The non-evaluative aspects of thick terms and concepts ... More


Morality Reconstructed

Philip Pettit

in The Birth of Ethics: Reconstructing the Role and Nature of Morality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190904913
eISBN:
9780190904944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190904913.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

If morality could plausibly have emerged in the manner described, then various lessons follow for ethics. In moral metaphysics, that ethics presupposes only a naturalistic basis and that the desire ... More


In Defense of ‘Ought Implies Can’

Derek Leben

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Volume 2

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198815259
eISBN:
9780191853012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815259.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Two recent papers have presented experimental evidence against the hypothesis that there is a semantic connection between OUGHT and CAN, rather than a pragmatic and defeasible one. However, there are ... More


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