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Bioethics: A systematic approach

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

BIOETHICS: A Systematic Approach is an extensive revision of Bioethics: A Return to Fundamentals. The subtitle has changed in order to emphasize that what distinguishes the authors’ ... More


 Principlism

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter compares an account of common morality with the account of morality presented by Beauchamp and Childress in their book, The Principles of Biomedical Ethics. It offers a general critique ... More


 Morality

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes between morality, the informal public system that people use when making moral decisions, and a moral theory, which provides an explanation and justification of morality. ... More


 Moral Disagreement

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter challenges the view that every moral question has a unique correct answer. The sources of unresolvable moral disagreement are the following four differences: (1) in the rankings of the ... More


Moral Rules

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides the defining conditions of moral rules, including their formal features such as their universality and generality, and their content, which is prohibiting causing harm. It ... More


Justifying the Moral Rules: The Second Five

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the moral rules: do not deceive, keep your promises, do not cheat, obey the law, and do your duty, are justified moral rules. It provides analyses of deception, promises, ... More


Justifying the Moral Rules: The First Five

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the moral rules: do not kill, do not cause pain, do not disable, do not deprive of freedom, and do not deprive of pleasure, are justified moral rules. It distinguishes ... More


The Importance of Moral Rules and Principles

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter describes elements of the broadly Kantian conception of why certain rules are important, reviews some common objections, and considers these questions: (1) Is it morally important to ... More


Assessing Moral Rules: Utilitarian and Kantian Perspectives

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter compares and contrasts rule-utilitarian and Kantian thinking about what moral rules should be accepted and what exceptions they should allow. We do not, and may never, know just what ... More


Part I The Moral System

Bernard Gert

in Common Morality: Deciding What to Do

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195173710
eISBN:
9780199785926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173716.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part I describes the moral system, including the moral rules, moral ideals, morally relevant features, and the two-step procedure for determining when a violation of a moral rules is strongly ... More


Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Bernard Gert

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality: Its Nature and Justification provides an analysis of the concepts of morality, rationality and irrationality, reasons, goods and evils, moral rules, and impartiality. It uses ... More


Kantian Virtue and “Virtue Ethics”

Thomas E. Hill Jr.

in Virtue, Rules, and Justice: Kantian Aspirations

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199692002
eISBN:
9780191741241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692002.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores similarities and differences between Kant’s ideas about moral virtue and various ideas associated with virtue ethics. It identifies some misconceptions of Kant’s ethics and ... More


RULE-UTILITARIANISM

David Lyons

in Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241973
eISBN:
9780191724817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241973.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is about moral rules. Most proponents of utilitarian generalization have viewed such a principle as the ground of moral rules or else have been concerned to account for the strength of ... More


Harm, Affect, and the Moral/Conventional Distinction

Daniel Kelly, Stephen Stich, Kevin J. Haley, Serena J. Eng, and Daniel M. T. Fessler

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Commonsense intuition seems to recognize a distinction between two quite different sorts of rules governing behavior, namely moral rules and conventional rules. Prototypical examples of moral rules ... More


The relationship between narrative ethics and Christian moral realism

Rufus Black

in Christian Moral Realism: Natural Law, Narrative, Virtue, and the Gospel

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198270201
eISBN:
9780191683947
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270201.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter discusses the relationship between narrative ethics and Christian moral realism. It professes that narrative ethics cannot stand alone and to realize its own objectives it needs to ... More


Common Morality: Deciding What to Do

Bernard Gert

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195173710
eISBN:
9780199785926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173716.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The first part of this book provides a detailed description of the moral system that is commonly used, although usually only implicitly, by people when they are making thoughtful moral decisions and ... More


A Kantian Perspective on Moral Rules

Thomas E. Hill

in Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238348
eISBN:
9780191597688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238347.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sets the stage for subsequent discussions by sketching a deliberative framework drawn from a combination of Kant's formulations of the Categorical Imperative. Ideas of willing universal laws, ... More


When Is Impartiality Morally Appropriate?

Brad Hooker

in Partiality and Impartiality: Morality, Special Relationships, and the Wider World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199579952
eISBN:
9780191595233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579952.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter begins by considering impartiality in the application of moral rules. Bernard Gert's influential conception of impartiality comes under scrutiny. It then discusses when impartial ... More


Hayek's Project: The Instrumental Justification of the Liberal Market Society

Roland Kley

in Hayek's Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279167
eISBN:
9780191684289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279167.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Friedrich A. Hayek thinks liberalism is the right political doctrine because, unlike socialism and other collectivist creeds, it is committed to institutions that take account of the social world as ... More


Introduction

J. M. Bernstein

in Torture and Dignity: An Essay on Moral Injury

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226266329
eISBN:
9780226266466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226266466.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In “Modern Moral Philosophy”, Elizabeth Anscombe argues that philosophers have been wasting their time doing moral philosophy because moral obligations based on moral principles make no sense in the ... More


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