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Legislating the Moral Law

Andrews Reath

in Agency and Autonomy in Kant's Moral Theory: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288830
eISBN:
9780191603648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288836.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter spells out two distinct senses in which the rational will legislates moral requirements: one that holds for the Categorical Imperative, and a different sense that holds for particular ... More


A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Margaret Gilbert

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Does one have special obligations to support the political institutions of one’s own country precisely because it is one’s own? In short, does one have political obligations? This book argues for an ... More


Reconsidering Actual Contract Theory

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The actual contract theory of political obligation is reconsidered in light of a plural subject account of agreements. Given the proposed account of agreements, both immoral and coerced agreements ... More


The Challenge to Consequentialism: A Troubling Normative Triad

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the challenge to consequentialism by locating standard act consequentialism within a triad of claims that are in considerable tension with each other. Acceptance of any two of ... More


Divine Commands and the Logic of Requirement

Philip L. Quinn

in Divine Commands and Moral Requirements

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244134
eISBN:
9780191680755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244134.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter proposes to examine a theory that is logically adequate for dealing with conflicting requirements. It also shows how it can be extended so that it is a divine command theory and argues ... More


Moral Obligations and Social Commands 1

Susan Wolf

in Metaphysics and the Good: Themes from the Philosophy of Robert Merrihew Adams

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199542680
eISBN:
9780191715396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542680.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Ordinary language and many moral theories distinguish between what is morally obligatory or required, and what is morally good, recommended, or even morally best. However, it is far from clear how to ... More


Requirement

Garrett Cullity

in The Moral Demands of Affluence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199258116
eISBN:
9780191602221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258112.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We have an argument for rejecting an iterative but not an aggregative approach to the life-saving analogy. This means that, while Chs 7–9 show that certain forms of personal spending are morally ... More


The Problem of Moral Obligation

R. Jay Wallace

in The Moral Nexus

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780691172170
eISBN:
9780691183923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172170.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter looks at the issue of the normative significance of moral requirements in the first-person perspective of deliberation. Moral conclusions are customarily treated as considerations that ... More


Moral Dilemmas and Impossible Moral Requirements

Lisa Tessman

in Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199396146
eISBN:
9780199396160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396146.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 1 introduces the concepts of impossible moral requirements and unavoidable moral failure by reviewing and rethinking the philosophical debates about whether or not any moral conflicts are ... More


The Structure of Ordinary Morality

Shelly Kagan

in The Limits of Morality

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239161
eISBN:
9780191597848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239165.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores certain technical details concerning the characterization of ordinary morality. First, it argues that defenders of ordinary morality believe in the existence of a pro tanto ... More


Plural Requirement

David Estlund

in Utopophobia: On the Limits (If Any) of Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691147161
eISBN:
9780691197500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147161.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter proposes a theory of Plural Requirement which allows us to vindicate much of its ordinary usage, but which does not count it as an instance of agential moral requirement. It explains, ... More


The Weight of Moral Reasons

Ralph Wedgwood

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 3

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199685905
eISBN:
9780191765803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685905.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Most of us believe the following two theses: (i) we are all subject to non-trivial moral requirements; and (ii) whenever we are subject to a moral requirement, we have overriding or compelling reason ... More


Two Senses of Moral Verdict and Moral Overridingness

Paul Hurley

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 6

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198790587
eISBN:
9780191833229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790587.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes two senses in which philosophers speak of moral verdicts that invite two senses of moral overridingness. The first takes such moral verdicts to reflect decisive reasons for ... More


Three Dogmas About Promising

Margaret Gilbert

in Joint Commitment: How We Make the Social World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199970148
eISBN:
9780199369898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970148.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Philosophers of promising generally make these three assumptions: when one who makes a promise is thereby obligated to do what he promised, that obligation is a matter of his being morally required ... More


Moral Requirements and Permissions, and the Requirements and Permissions of Reason

Sarah Buss

in The Many Moral Rationalisms

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198797074
eISBN:
9780191858291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198797074.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers an account of personal ideals that sheds light on the relationship between the imperatives of morality and the imperatives of rationality. Many people endorse the ideal of ... More


Minimizing the Demands of Morality

Lisa Tessman

in Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199396146
eISBN:
9780199396160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396146.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 6 highlights supererogationist frameworks, which claim that there are morally worthy actions that go beyond duty, and that one cannot be faulted for opting out of these actions. ... More


Introduction: A Dissatisfied Socrates

Roslyn Weiss

in Socrates Dissatisfied: An Analysis of Plato's Crito

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195116847
eISBN:
9780199833832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195116844.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Socrates' first allegiance is to the dictates of his own reason. The reason he refuses to escape his unjust conviction and punishment is that he believes that to do so would violate his tried and ... More


Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality

Lisa Tessman

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199396146
eISBN:
9780199396160
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396146.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality asks what happens when the sense that “I must” collides with the realization that “I can’t.” Bringing together philosophical and empirical work in ... More


Taking Demands Out of Blame

Coleen Macnamara

in Blame: Its Nature and Norms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199860821
eISBN:
9780199332700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860821.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The idea that demands are a key constituent of any analysis of the negative reactive attitudes is rarely challenged, enjoying a freedom from scrutiny uncommon in philosophy. This chapter presses on ... More


Moral Requirements

Michael J. Zimmerman

in Weighing and Reasoning: Themes from the Philosophy of John Broome

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199684908
eISBN:
9780191765223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684908.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines John Broome’s influential account of normativity, which he has developed over the course of several articles. Much of his attention has been focused on the requirements of ... More


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