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Dining with Cannibals

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Moral variation is explored in this chapter even though some moral philosophers argue that variation has been exaggerated. Alternative opinion from other philosophers is that variations in moral ... More


Which Rights Should Be Universal?

William Talbott

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this book, William Talbott builds on the work of J.S. Mill, John Rawls, and Jürgen Habermas to develop a new equilibrium model for moral reasoning, in which moral reasoning is primarily bottom-up, ... More


Relativism and Religion: Why Democratic Societies Do Not Need Moral Absolutes

Carlo Accetti

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170789
eISBN:
9780231540377
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170789.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Moral relativism is deeply troubling for those who believe that, without a set of moral absolutes, democratic societies will devolve into tyranny or totalitarianism. Carlo Invernizzi Accetti traces ... More


What Is Moral Relativism?

Gilbert Harman

in Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Discusses three forms of moral relativism—normative moral relativism, moral judgement relativism, and meta‐ethical relativism. After discussing objections to each view, it is shown that the ... More


Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Gilbert Harman

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers the following questions: What accounts for the existence of basic moral disagreements? Why do most people think it is worse to injure someone than to fail to save them from injury? Where ... More


Relativism

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Relativism is a bundle of different doctrines in ontology, semantics, epistemology, methodology, and ethics. This chapter starts with a defence of moderate moral relativism: morality is not a natural ... More


How Good Is the Linguistic Analogy ?

Susan Dwyer

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A nativist moral psychology, modeled on the successes of theoretical linguistics, provides the best framework for explaining the acquisition of moral capacities and the diversity of moral judgment ... More


The Moral Evil Demons

Ralph Wedgwood

in Disagreement

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199226078
eISBN:
9780191594236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226078.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses moral disagreement and moral relativism, and places the long-standing discussion of these issues in the context of recent discussions of the epistemology of disagreement. It ... More


An Alternative Foundation for Political and Ethical Principles

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that the analysis of the previous chapters indicates the problems attached to conceiving of morality as rooted in a neutral or Archimedean point from which different principles ... More


Moral Relativism

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines various definitions of moral relativism, first discussing the views of Charles Stevenson and Walter Stace and suggesting that neither of these two authors deals with the most troubling form ... More


Lost in Transition: The Dark Side of Emerging Adulthood

Christian Smith, Kari Christoffersen, Hilary Davidson, and Patricia Snell Herzog

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199828029
eISBN:
9780199919475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828029.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Life for emerging adults is vastly different today than it was for their counterparts even a generation ago. Young people are waiting longer to marry, to have children, and to choose a career ... More


The Virtue of Testimonial Justice

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198237907
eISBN:
9780191706844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an initial account of a virtue to counteract the ever-present risk of doing testimonial injustices: the virtue of testimonial justice. The hearer who possesses this virtue ... More


Frege, Relativism and Faultless Disagreement

Sven Rosenkranz

in Relative Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199234950
eISBN:
9780191715846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234950.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Allegedly, relativism can make sense of faultless disagreements, where A and B faultlessly disagree if A sincerely asserts P, B sincerely asserts ~P and yet neither assertion is incorrect. Such cases ... More


Is There a Single True Morality?

Gilbert Harman

in Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Although people appear to be quite evenly divided between moral relativists and moral absolutists, there is a tendency to suppose that the view one takes about relativism is obviously correct and ... More


Moral Relativism Defended

Gilbert Harman

in Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A version of moral relativism can be formulated as an intelligible thesis, the thesis that morality derives from an implicit agreement and moral judgements are true or false only in relation to such ... More


 The Thirties to the Fifties: Totalitarianism and the Second American Enlightenment

David Ciepley

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

In the United States, in contrast to continental Europe, science and social reform maintained generally positive relations with organized Christianity into the twentieth century. After World War Two, ... More


Justifying Judgement on Things Past

Donald Bloxham

in History and Morality

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198858713
eISBN:
9780191890833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198858713.003.0004
Subject:
History, Historiography

Part 3 Justifying Judgement on Things Past Part 3 moves from describing features of works of history to underwriting a range of judgements that are currently outlawed not just by advocates of ... More


Introduction

Douglas V. Porpora

in Landscapes of the Soul: The Loss of Moral Meaning in American Life

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134919
eISBN:
9780199834563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134915.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Sets out the book's concerns with moral purpose, personal identity, and objective truth. These concerns arise out of a social context of postmodernity and moral relativism. Moral purpose, the chapter ... More


Are Any Moral Beliefs True?

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores moral nihilism and error theories, which hold that moral beliefs are truth-apt but never true. Arguments for such views from relativity, evolution, and epistemological, ... More


We’re All Connected: Science, Ethics, and the Law

Stephen Stich

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Though empirical claims have always played a prominent role in theories advanced by moral philosophers, until recently, findings in psychology, neuroscience, and evolutionary biology have made very ... More


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