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Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral philosophy has long treated principles as indispensable for understanding its subject matter. However, the underlying assumption that this is the best approach has received almost no defence, ... More


Introduction: The Idea of a Moral Theory of International Law

Allen Buchanan

in Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198295358
eISBN:
9780191600982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295359.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Explains why a moral theory of international law is needed, refutes several prominent views that purport to rule out the possibility of such a theory, sets out the criteria that the needed theory ... More


Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Over the last several decades, advocates have championed a bewildering variety of methods for understanding and resolving difficult ethical problems in medicine, including principlism, wide ... More


Tradition Based Moral Enquiry

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains how a contextualist can argue for rationality both within a tradition of moral enquiry and, equally importantly, across such traditions. An essential part of the latter task is ... More


Moral Realism: A Defence

Russ Shafer-Landau

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a book in metaethics that defends a brand of moral realism known as non‐naturalism. The book has five Parts. Part I outlines the sort of moral realism that the author wishes to defend, and ... More


Barth's Moral Theology and Modern Ethics

Gerald Mckenny

in The Analogy of Grace: Karl Barth's Moral Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199582679
eISBN:
9780191722981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582679.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Barth's formulation of the problem of ethics contrasts an ethic in which God summons human beings to active participation in the good God has established and accomplished with an ethic in which it is ... More


The Moral Dimensions of Human Rights

Carl Wellman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744787
eISBN:
9780199827138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744787.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book discusses all three species of human rights—moral, international, and national—at length, but it pays special attention to the moral reasons that are relevant to each species. The first ... More


The Externalist's Examples

Alan H. Goldman

in Reasons from Within: Desires and Values

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199576906
eISBN:
9780191722288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576906.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Elijah Millgram claims that we learn what reasons we have from experience or practical induction, not from our own motives. Derek Parfit and others claim that internalists cannot explain reasons for ... More


Ethical Reflection and Instruction

Gerald McKenny

in The Analogy of Grace: Karl Barth's Moral Theology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199582679
eISBN:
9780191722981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582679.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

How and by whom is it decided which among the possible courses of action available to the agent in a situation of choice is the one that God commands? This question is made both difficult and urgent ... More


The Demandingness Objection: Too Demanding, or Not Demanding at All?

Paul Hurley

in Beyond Consequentialism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Consequentialism has since its inception faced persistent challenges of excess: it is, critics charge, too demanding, too confining, and too alienating to offer a plausible alternative moral theory. ... More


The Amoralist

Anita M. Superson

in The Moral Skeptic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195376623
eISBN:
9780199871551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376623.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter examines and rejects several internalist arguments defending the view that we need not address the skeptic who believes that amoralism is a tenable position for the reason that the ... More


Children and Young People as Moral and Legal Actors: Findings from Studies Conducted in Northern Italy

Roberta Bosisio

in Law and Childhood Studies: Current Legal Issues Volume 14

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652501
eISBN:
9780191739217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652501.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Family Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The results of many studies show children's competence in terms of moral reasoning and action, and also their awareness of the discrepancy between their moral competence and the low moral status ... More


A Framework for the Psychology of Norms

Chandra Sekhar Sripada and Stephen Stich

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Human social life is regulated by an extensive network of informal social rules and principles often called norms. This chapter offers an account of the psychological mechanisms and processes ... More


. Reason, Imagination, and Moral Experience

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The epistemic status of moral discourse turns in part on the explanation of divergent moral beliefs. Whether differences of moral opinion there are best explained by a failure accurately to represent ... More


Theistic Common Sense

Mark A. Noll

in America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151114
eISBN:
9780199834532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151119.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

By 1790, American Christians also embraced the “new moral philosophy,” a way of understanding their faith through “commonsense moral reasoning.” Because they came to believe that God had created ... More


Morality Adrift

Christian Smith

in Lost in Transition: The Dark Side of Emerging Adulthood

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199828029
eISBN:
9780199919475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828029.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter begins the exploration of some of the more unsettling aspects of contemporary emerging adult life by focusing on the question of morality, moral beliefs, and moral reasoning. What do ... More


The Indispensability of Principles

Tom Tomlinson

in Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

We are naturally attracted to the idea that moral reasoning uses rules, as premises in a deductive argument. This picture provides a straightforward way of responding to the demand for reasons ... More


Dual-Ranking Act-Consequentialism: Reasons, Morality, and Overridingness

Douglas W. Portmore

in Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794539
eISBN:
9780199919260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794539.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter argues that in order to accommodate many typical agent-centered options and to resolve the paradox of supererogation, we should accept that non-moral reasons can, and sometimes do, ... More


Grounds of Moral Human Rights

Carl Wellman

in The Moral Dimensions of Human Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744787
eISBN:
9780199827138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744787.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter explains the grounds of moral human rights. Basal rights are grounded on moral reasons other than some prior right but often ground derived rights. Their grounds are primarily the harms ... More


The Golden Rule and a Theory of Moral Reasoning

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter develops a theory of moral reasoning in the form of rationality conditions for moral judgments. The chapter argues that moral judges must be: 1) consistent, 2) adequately informed by ... More


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