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Moral Realism: A Defence

Russ Shafer-Landau

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a book in metaethics that defends a brand of moral realism known as non‐naturalism. The book has five Parts. Part I outlines the sort of moral realism that the author wishes to defend, and ... More


Claims and Counter-claims: A General Introduction to Moral Realism

Christian F. R. Illies

in The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238324
eISBN:
9780191679612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238324.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the debate about moral realism which can be found in current analytic philosophy and outlines the position of moral realism and anti-realism and the main arguments raised by ... More


Moral Realism A Naturalistic Perspective *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues for moral realism. What is moral realism? Standard answers in terms of truth and meaning are rejected. These answers are partly motivated by the phenomenon of noncognitivism. ... More


Moral Animals: Ideals and Constraints in Moral Theory

Catherine Wilson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267675
eISBN:
9780191601859
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267677.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral Animals offers a set of anthropological and conceptual foundations for moral theory before turning to the problem of overdemandingness or exigency as it afflicts contemporary ... More


Experiments, Intuitions, and Methodology in Moral and Political Theory 1

David Copp

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral and political philosophers commonly appeal to moral “intuitions” at crucial points in their reasoning. This chapter considers recent challenges to this practice—here referred to as “the ... More


Iris Murdoch, Philosopher

Justin Broackes (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289905
eISBN:
9780191728471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289905.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book offers a detailed introduction to Iris Murdoch's philosophical work, especially the moral philosophy of The Sovereignty of Good (1970). Murdoch argued for an important and distinctive ... More


Introduction:: Metaethics and Normative Ethics

David Copp

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by explaining the distinction between meta-ethics and normative ethics. It then introduces the main issues in the two fields and provides a critical overview of the chapters in ... More


Moral Realism

Geoffrey Sayre-McCord

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the attractions, problems, and prospects of moral realism. Special attention is given to Moore’s Open Question Argument, internalism, noncognitivism, and error theories. The ... More


Varieties of Moral Irrealism

Mark Eli Kalderon

in Moral Fictionalism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199275977
eISBN:
9780191706066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275977.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter demonstrates that there are forms of noncognitivism that eschew nonfactualism. An important obstacle to standard noncognitivism has been its apparent commitment to an implausible ... More


From Morality to Metaphysics: The Theistic Implications of our Ethical Commitments

Angus Ritchie

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199652518
eISBN:
9780191745850
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652518.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book offers an argument for theism. It claims only purposive accounts of the universe can do justice to our pre-philosophical moral commitment to objective moral truth and explain the human ... More


Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Michael Devitt

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The book has two parts: one metaphysical, the other epistemological. The metaphysical part is largely concerned with realism issues. It starts with realism about universals, dismissing Plato's ... More


Moral Reality

Paul Bloomfield

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137132
eISBN:
9780199833092
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137132.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book is a work in metaethics, constituting a defense of moral realism. The book begins with what I call a “modest transcendental argument” for the existence of the property of moral goodness ... More


The Evolution of Cooperation and Consciousness

Rebekah L. Miles

in The Bonds of Freedom: Feminist Theology and Christian Realism

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144161
eISBN:
9780199834495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144163.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

An examination is made of Rosemary Radford Ruether's naturalist moral realism, whose naturalist, ecofeminist ethic locates both God (divine presence) and human norms in natural processes, ... More


Ethics Dehumanized

Panayot Butchvarov

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter advocates a return to Moorean independence. One dominant metaethical trend is moral epistemology naturalized. Another metaethical trend has been conceptual analysis, often called ... More


Analytical Moral Functionalism Meets Moral Twin Earth

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons

in Minds, Ethics, and Conditionals: Themes from the Philosophy of Frank Jackson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199267989
eISBN:
9780191708268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267989.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In chapters 4 and 5 of his 1998 book From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis, Frank Jackson propounds and defends a form of moral realism that he calls both ‘moral functionalism’ ... More


The Non-cognitivist Challenge

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sets out the contours of the moral realism that the author wishes to defend, and provides an extended series of arguments against non‐cognitivism and expressivism. Seeks to establish a presumptive ... More


Moral Realism and Moral Dilemma

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues against two articles of Bernard Williams in which he attacks moral realism. In the first (Ethical Consistency), Williams finds a disanalogy between judgements of matters of fact and moral ... More


Are Any Moral Beliefs True?

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores moral nihilism and error theories, which hold that moral beliefs are truth-apt but never true. Arguments for such views from relativity, evolution, and epistemological, ... More


Analysis

Jonathan Bennett

in The Act Itself

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237914
eISBN:
9780191597077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019823791X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book employs philosophical analysis in an endeavour to grasp more firmly some concepts used in moral theory. Analysis is defended here against attackers, especially Rorty. Moral non‐realism is ... More


Moral Evolution

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter turns to the genealogy of “harm norms,” norms against causing pain and suffering to others. The chapter sets out a range of historical and anthropological facts that need to be captured ... More


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