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Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that there are reasons to try to codify the moral landscape, and that these reasons are recognizably moral. A proper understanding of the nature of historical moral progress ... More


Moral Progress

Jesse J. Prinz

in The Emotional Construction of Morals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199571543
eISBN:
9780191702075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571543.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Friedrich Nietzsche is sometimes called a moral nihilist, and not without warrant. He wanted to undermine Christian morality, but he did not want to eliminate morality altogether. He wanted to ... More


Evil Nature, Good Will

Richard McCarty

in Kant's Theory of Action

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567720
eISBN:
9780191721465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567720.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

The “radical evil” of human nature is, in Kant's view, our enduring predisposition to deviate from the moral law. It comes in three degrees: frailty (moral weakness), impurity, and depravity ... More


Winning the Battle, Losing the War

Ann Lee Bressler

in The Universalist Movement in America, 1770-1880

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195129861
eISBN:
9780199834013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195129865.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

When Hosea Ballou died in 1852, belief in the supernatural rule of God apparently held sway among most American Protestants, but the idea of universal salvation remained highly suspect. Twenty years ... More


CLARIFICATIONS AND OBJECTIONS

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott responds to four main objections: (1) Rorty’s defense of Humean moral antirealism, the view that the development of human rights norms is a progress of sentiment, not reason; ... More


Duress and Moral Progress

Seana Valentine Shiffrin

in Speech Matters: On Lying, Morality, and the Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157023
eISBN:
9781400852529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157023.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines what moral obligations, if any, remain or are incurred when one promises under duress. In general, duress holds that unjustified or wrongfully exerted coercion entirely ... More


Moral Evolution

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter turns to the genealogy of “harm norms,” norms against causing pain and suffering to others. The chapter sets out a range of historical and anthropological facts that need to be captured ... More


Cool Federalism and the Life Cycle of Moral Progress

Lawrence G. Sager

in New Frontiers of State Constitutional Law: Dual Enforcement of Norms

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368321
eISBN:
9780199867509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368321.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter lays out the broadest implications of a conception of constitutional law as a shared enterprise conducted within a federal system. It explores the wider, systemic significance of ... More


Motherhood and the Ascent of Man

Thomas Dixon

in The Invention of Altruism: Making Moral Meanings in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264263
eISBN:
9780191734816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264263.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter looks at three different ways that evolutionary science developed from the 1880s onwards to give rise to some quite different visions of altruism—including those which featured in two of ... More


Introduction

Seana Valentine Shiffrin

in Speech Matters: On Lying, Morality, and the Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157023
eISBN:
9781400852529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157023.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book explores the relationship between discursive communication and moral agency, with the goal of unifying a variety of issues about communicative ethics, including issues about lying, ... More


Speech Matters: On Lying, Morality, and the Law

Seana Valentine Shiffrin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157023
eISBN:
9781400852529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157023.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To understand one another as individuals and to fulfill the moral duties that require such understanding, we must communicate with each other. We must also maintain protected channels that render ... More


Conclusions

Robert Eisen

in The Peace and Violence of Judaism: From the Bible to Modern Zionism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751471
eISBN:
9780199894833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751471.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The concluding chapter summarizes the two readings of the Judaism that have been offered in this study. It also summarizes the reasons recurring throughout the study that explain why Jewish texts are ... More


A Typology of Moral Progress

Allen Buchanan

in The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190868413
eISBN:
9780190868444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868413.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter identifies a number of developments that are candidates for moral progress: abolition of the Atlantic chattel slavery, improvements in civil rights for minorities, equal rights for ... More


A Pluralistic, Dynamic Conception of Moral Progress

Allen Buchanan

in The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190868413
eISBN:
9780190868444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868413.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends a new conception of moral progress that is both pluralistic, in that it does not attempt to reduce all cases of moral progress to one type (e.g., to norm compliance or functional ... More


Conclusion: The Future of Human Morality

Allen Buchanan

in The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190868413
eISBN:
9780190868444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868413.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The conclusion summarizes the main lines of thought in each of the three parts of the book: Part I: What Is Moral Progress?, Part II: Evolution and the Possibility of Moral Progress, and Part III: ... More


“States of the Same Nature”: Bounded Variation in Subfederal Constitutionalism

Jacob T. Levy

in New Frontiers of State Constitutional Law: Dual Enforcement of Norms

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195368321
eISBN:
9780199867509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368321.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter provides an account of variation in constitutional values and choices within a federation, grounding it in a conception of federalism as a pragmatic alternative to competing conceptions ... More


Conclusion

Tracy Isaacs

in Moral Responsibility in Collective Contexts

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782963
eISBN:
9780199897117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782963.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The conclusion emphasizes the overall philosophical goal of the book: to develop and defend a two level view of moral responsibility with an eye to accounting for moral responsibility in collective ... More


Rational Engagement, Emotional Response, and the Prospects for Moral Progress in Animal Use “Debates”

Nathan Nobis

in The Ethics of Animal Research: Exploring the Controversy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017060
eISBN:
9780262301602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017060.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter reveals that moral progress does not need any “new” philosophy or ethical theorizing. It determines three basic logical skills for rationally evaluating moral arguments. It reviews a ... More


The Evolution of Moral Progress: A Biocultural Theory

Allen Buchanan and Russell Powell

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780190868413
eISBN:
9780190868444
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190868413.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The idea of moral progress played a central role in liberal political thought from the Enlightenment through the nineteenth century but is rarely encountered in moral and political philosophical ... More


Kant’s Two-Stage Model of Moral Reform

Laura Papish

in Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190692100
eISBN:
9780190692131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190692100.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers an interpretive proposal for Kant’s two-stage model of moral reform in the Religion. Kant explicitly argues that an initial stage of moral conversion must be followed by continual ... More


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