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Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral philosophy has long treated principles as indispensable for understanding its subject matter. However, the underlying assumption that this is the best approach has received almost no defence, ... More


Many Moral Particularisms

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter identifies moral particularism as a family of theses all of which involve some sort of negative assessment of moral principles. Family members are distinguished by the different negative ... More


Would Kant Say we should Respect Autonomy?

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The principle of respect for autonomy that is employed in medical ethics and other branches of applied ethics is widely taken to be a roughly Kantian principle, but there actually is no close ... More


Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Over the last several decades, advocates have championed a bewildering variety of methods for understanding and resolving difficult ethical problems in medicine, including principlism, wide ... More


Mazzini: 22 June 1805–10 March 1872

Martin Wight

in Four Seminal Thinkers in International Theory: Machiavelli, Grotius, Kant, and Mazzini

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273676
eISBN:
9780191602771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273677.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Mazzini was a nationalist, a revolutionary, and a romantic. Although an ex-Catholic, he was deeply sympathetic to religion. He saw progress as the law of God, and duty as what man owed to God. He was ... More


Others as Ends

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Much of what we want, such as food and entertainment and good company, we want for our own consumption or enjoyment; but we can also want those same sorts of things for other people. Indeed, if we ... More


Accounting for Duties: A Critical Assessment of Robert Audi's The Good in the Right

Candace Vogler

in Rationality and the Good: Critical Essays on the Ethics and Epistemology of Robert Audi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311952
eISBN:
9780199871070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311952.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that Audi's ethical theory lacks the kind of grounding found in the theories of Ross and Kant, contrasting the “principles” of Audi's theory with Kant's categorical imperative and ... More


The Indispensability of Principles

Tom Tomlinson

in Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

We are naturally attracted to the idea that moral reasoning uses rules, as premises in a deductive argument. This picture provides a straightforward way of responding to the demand for reasons ... More


The Limits of Principles

Tom Tomlinson

in Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter I canvas the reasons commonly given for claiming that principles can’t be all there is to moral reasoning: there is no conclusive agreement on a single normative theory; there is ... More


Ranking Actions: Prioritarianism under Uncertainty

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The prior four chapters focused on developing tools for constructing and morally ranking an outcome set: tools that include an account of well-being, principles for measuring well-being using a set U ... More


The Ideal of a Rational Morality

MARCUS GEORGE SINGER

in The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the ideal of a rational morality. Topics discussed include the systematic ambiguity of ‘morality’, positive and rational ... More


Moral Rationalism

Christopher Peacocke

in The Realm of Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270729
eISBN:
9780191600944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270724.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues for the thesis that basic moral principles are known to us a priori. The author argues that such moral principles have epistemic characteristics that are incompatible with all recent ... More


The Archangel and the Prole

R. M. Hare

in Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246602
eISBN:
9780191597596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246609.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The relation between the two levels of moral thinking, and how we know when to think at one level and when to think at the other is best explained in terms of our use of critical thinking to select ... More


Rational Disagreement as a Challenge to Practical Ethics and Moral Theory: An Essay in Moral Epistemology

Robert Audi

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Moral disagreement — roughly, disagreement about what is right or wrong — is widely considered to be both common and sufficiently resistant to rational resolution to constitute a challenge to the ... More


The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Marcus George Singer

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book collects the most important essays by the distinguished moral philosopher Marcus G. Singer. Its guiding theme is the concept of a morality based in reason, ... More


Principles

R. M. Hare

in Freedom and Reason

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810926
eISBN:
9780191597589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019881092X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Further examines the sense in which moral judgements are universalizable. Distinguishes between moral and logical theses of universalizability and shows how the moral does not follow from the ... More


Formal and Substantive Principles of Reason

Christine M. Korsgaard

in Self-Constitution: Agency, Identity, and Integrity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199552795
eISBN:
9780191720550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552795.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter lays out the principles of practical reason whose normativity the book defends, and distinguishes them from other proposed principles of practical reason. The principle of instrumental ... More


Deontology

David McNaughton and Piers Rawling

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes a novel form of deontology that, while it contrasts with consequentialism in defending duties of special relationship and options, is allied with consequentialism in denying ... More


The True Wealth of Nations: Catholic Social Thought and Economic Life

Daniel Finn (ed.)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199739813
eISBN:
9780199866120
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739813.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Roman Catholic social thought has had much to say about economic life: about virtues and moral principles, about individuals, communities, and institutions. Catholic social thought (CST) is a complex ... More


The Recombinant DNA Debate

Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 2: Knowledge, Rationality, and Morality, 1978-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199733477
eISBN:
9780199949823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733477.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter attempts to sharpen our perception of the moral issues underlying the controversy over recombinant DNA research by clearing away some frivolous arguments that have deflected attention ... More


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