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The Nature of Caring and the Obligation to Care

Daniel Engster

in The Heart of Justice: Care ethics and Political Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199214358
eISBN:
9780191706684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214358.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Caring is usually defined either too narrowly or too broadly to support a moral and political theory. This chapter outlines a definition of caring that is better suited for guiding the development of ... More


Moral Arguments and Natural Signs for God

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers a theoretical moral argument for God's existence: if there are objectively binding moral obligations, then God exists. There are such obligations. So, probably God exists. This ... More


The Membership Problem

Margaret Gilbert

in A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199274956
eISBN:
9780191603976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274959.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Does membership in a political society obligate one to support the political institutions of that society? Dubbed the membership problem, its terms are given some initial clarification. Among other ... More


The Commitment to Justice

Allen Buchanan

in Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198295358
eISBN:
9780191600982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295359.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Begins the task of laying the foundations for a justice‐based theory of international law, and presents three main arguments. The first argument is that justice should be a primary moral goal of the ... More


God and Moral Obligation: Is a Link Possible?

C. Stephen Evans

in Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Moral obligations are overriding and objective, in a way that other kinds of obligations are not. A divine command theory of moral obligations claims that all truly moral obligations owe their status ... More


Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Ishtiyaque Haji

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

To have free will with respect to an act is to have the ability both to perform and to refrain from performing it. This book argues that no one can have practical reasons of a certain sort—“objective ... More


Conclusion

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The final chapter summarizes the book’s principal argument and it draws some general conclusions.


Divine Commands as the Basis for Moral Obligation

C. Stephen Evans

in Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Divine command theory gives an account of obligation, specifically moral obligation. Any action God commands his human creatures to do is morally binding for them, and any action that is morally ... More


Contemporary Meta‐Ethical Alternatives: Relativism and Nihilism

C. Stephen Evans

in Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199272174
eISBN:
9780191602061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272174.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Gilbert Harman develops a theory of moral relativism in which rightness or wrongness depends on a framework. Differences in moral frameworks reflect differences in situation, power, and status. ... More


Reason and Obligation in Suárez

Thomas Pink

in The Philosophy of Francisco Suárez

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199583645
eISBN:
9780191738456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583645.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In this essay it is argued that Suárez fundamentally altered the traditional conception of obligation and laid the groundwork for the modern one. According to Suárez the obligatoriness of the moral ... More


Conversation and the Scope of Moral Responsibility

Michael McKenna

in Conversation and Responsibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199740031
eISBN:
9780199918706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740031.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

This chapter attends to questions of scope. The conversational theory explains blaming on analogy with a conversational response. Central to the explanation is the relation between blamer and blamed. ... More


Moral Obligation, Prudential Obligation, and Alternative Possibilities

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199899203
eISBN:
9780199949885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899203.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The burden of this chapter is to sustain the view that the truth of judgments of both moral and prudential obligation are essentially associated with our having objective reasons. It is concluded ... More


Conclusion

Andrew F. March

in Islam and Liberal Citizenship: The Search for an Overlapping Consensus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195330960
eISBN:
9780199868278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter summarizes the arguments of the book and introduces general observations on how Islamic methods are used to justify liberal citizenship and the relationship of moral obligation with ... More


Moral Obligations and Social Commands 1

Susan Wolf

in Metaphysics and the Good: Themes from the Philosophy of Robert Merrihew Adams

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199542680
eISBN:
9780191715396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542680.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Ordinary language and many moral theories distinguish between what is morally obligatory or required, and what is morally good, recommended, or even morally best. However, it is far from clear how to ... More


Recognition of Non-Muslims and Moral Pluralism

Andrew F. March

in Islam and Liberal Citizenship: The Search for an Overlapping Consensus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195330960
eISBN:
9780199868278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the idea of recognizing non-Muslims as civic equals and the permanence of moral pluralism, theorizing recognition as accepting the permanence and inevitability of religious ... More


Heaven, Morality, and the Meaning of Life

Jerry L. Walls

in Heaven: The Logic of Eternal Joy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195113020
eISBN:
9780199834815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195113020.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

It is argued that naturalistic views of reality undermine both morality and meaning – naturalism has difficulty not only in making sense of altruism but also in providing us with deeply persuasive ... More


Morality and Practical Reason:: A Kantian Approach

Stephen Darwall

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A central theme of Kant’s approach to moral philosophy is that moral obligations are categorical, by which he means that they provide supremely authoritative reasons for acting independently of an ... More


Moral Apologia

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

in Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751808
eISBN:
9780199894840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751808.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter lays out a variety of distinguishable but related moral arguments for God's existence, making the case that moral duties, freedoms, and regrets are considerably more at home in and ... More


The Moral Limits of Law: Obedience, Respect, and Legitimacy

Ruth C. A. Higgins

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199265671
eISBN:
9780191699092
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265671.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book analyses the related debates concerning the moral obligation to obey the law, conscientious citizenship, and state legitimacy. Modern societies are drawn in a tension between the ... More


The Concept of Moral Status

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter comments on moral status as an intuitive or common-sense concept, and on two widespread — though not universal — beliefs about which things have moral status and which do not. It ... More


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