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The Principal Questions of Constitutional Interpretation

Sotirios A. Barber and James E. Fleming

in Constitutional Interpretation: The Basic Questions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195328578
eISBN:
9780199855339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328578.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter takes up the principal questions of constitutional interpretation and the assumptions underlying the enterprise of constitutional interpretation by considering William Rehnquist's ... More


The Philosophical Basis of What? The Anti-Realist Route to Dialetheism

Jon Cogburn

in The Law of Non-Contradiction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199265176
eISBN:
9780191713989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265176.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Dummettian anti-realists have traditionally argued that verificationism entails giving up the law of excluded middle for discourses such as mathematics, which contain warrants that cannot be ... More


The Sceptics

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The most extensive evidence on Sceptical argument about ethics comes from Sextus Empiricus, writing in the second century AD. Sextus describes his ... More


Debunking Arguments

Shaun Nichols

in Bound: Essays on free will and responsibility

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199291847
eISBN:
9780191795473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291847.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this chapter, two different forms of debunking arguments are distinguished. One is based on the best explanation of a belief; the other is based on assessing the epistemic property of ... More


How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism

Kenneth R. Westphal

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198747055
eISBN:
9780191809200
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747055.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The differences between Hume’s and Kant’s moral philosophies are prominent in the literature. Focussing on them, however, occludes a decisive, shared achievement: a distinctive constructivist method ... More


Is Moral Projectivism Empirically Tractable?

Richard Joyce

in Essays in Moral Skepticism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198754879
eISBN:
9780191819865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754879.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Different versions of moral projectivism are delineated: minimal, metaphysical, nihilistic, and noncognitivist. Minimal projectivism (the focus of this essay) is the conjunction of two subtheses: (1) ... More


Cognitive Science and Moral Philosophy: Challenging Scientistic Overreach

William FitzPatrick

in Scientism: Prospects and Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190462758
eISBN:
9780190462772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462758.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

Can empirical work in cognitive science and moral psychology impact issues of general theoretical relevance to moral philosophy? Some think it can. They take it to underwrite debunking arguments ... More


Debunking and Vindicating in Moral Psychology

Shaun Nichols

in Metaphysics and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190639679
eISBN:
9780190639709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190639679.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

One way that cognitive science can inform our metaphysical views is by explaining why we have the metaphysical views that we do. Psychological explanations can serve to debunk our intuitive ... More


The Presuppositions of Constitutional Interpretation

Sotirios A. Barber and James E. Fleming

in Constitutional Interpretation: The Basic Questions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195328578
eISBN:
9780199855339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328578.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Many books on and courses in constitutional law are about what the United States Supreme Court has said about the Constitution, not about what the Constitution itself means. But the enterprise of ... More


Feeling Our Way toward Moral Objectivity

Naomi Scheman

in Shifting Ground: Knowledge and Reality, Transgression and Trustworthiness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195395112
eISBN:
9780190267483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195395112.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter first makes two arguments: that emotions are social constructs; and that emotions are necessary to moral judgments. With these in mind, consider that an “objective” judgment is one that ... More


Objectivity, the Euthyphro Question, and Reconstructing Natural Law

Kenneth R. Westphal

in How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198747055
eISBN:
9780191809200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747055.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Central issues about objectivity and conventionalism are detailed by reconsidering Socrates’ question to Euthyphro about the status of piety and the gods’ love of piety; contemporary forms of moral ... More


Rossian Deontology and the Possibility of Moral Expertise

Eric Wiland

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 4

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198722144
eISBN:
9780191789236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722144.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There is a tension between two common views: (1) morality is objective, and (2) it is in some way bad to defer to or trust testimony from a moral expert. This chapter explicates the tension, ... More


Articulating the Moral Community: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism

Henry Richardson

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190247744
eISBN:
9780190247768
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190247744.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

As this highly original work explains, morality is not fixed objectively, independently of all human judgment, nor is it something that we “invent.” Rather, working within zones of objective ... More


Conclusion

Henry Richardson

in Articulating the Moral Community: Toward a Constructive Ethical Pragmatism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190247744
eISBN:
9780190247768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190247744.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This concluding chapter restates the book’s central arguments in a simple, linear order, highlighting its conclusions about the nature of the moral community, the proper analysis of dyadic rights and ... More


Adam Smith on Virtue, Prosperity, and Justice

James R. Otteson

in Economics and the Virtues: Building a New Moral Foundation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198701392
eISBN:
9780191770661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701392.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Adam Smith is usually considered to be a central figure in the political–economic tradition of liberalism, but recent scholars have debated whether he is an adherent to the “classical” or ... More


Reconstructing Moral Constructivism

Kenneth R. Westphal

in How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198747055
eISBN:
9780191809200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747055.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Hume initiated a powerful and distinctive form of moral constructivism, which Kant adopted (via Rousseau) and further developed. Their form of moral constructivism identifies and justifies strictly ... More


A Dinosaur

C. S. Lewis

in The Moral Argument: A History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190246365
eISBN:
9780190246396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190246365.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Probably the most famous moral argument in Western philosophy is the popular version C. S. Lewis developed in Mere Christianity. Lewis starts with the common-sense observation that we make moral ... More


The Moral Habitat

Barbara Herman

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780192896353
eISBN:
9780191918797
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192896353.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The Moral Habitat is a book in three parts that begins with an investigation of three understudied imperfect duties which together offer some important and challenging insights about moral ... More


A Dynamic System

Barbara Herman

in The Moral Habitat

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
November 2021
ISBN:
9780192896353
eISBN:
9780191918797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192896353.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Part Three of the book investigates the practical and theoretical consequences for the Kantian moral habitat of having as its moral structure a system of juridical and ethical duties principles that ... More


How to Treat Someone with Respect

Oliver Sensen

in Respect: Philosophical Essays

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780198824930
eISBN:
9780191863554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824930.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Oliver Sensen analyses what, more concretely, one must do to respect someone. In order to find a universal criterion of respect, Sensen first distinguishes different usages of “respect,” such as “not ... More


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