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Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Ulrike Heuer and Gerald Lang (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book comprises eleven chapters which engage with, or take their point of departure from, the influential work in moral and political philosophy of Bernard Williams (1929–2003). Various themes of ... More


Moral Frailty and Moral Luck

Robert Merrihew Adams

in A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychological experiments and other empirical data seem to show that good traits of character (even if real) are frail, rather easily overcome by some types of temptation, and are dependent on social ... More


Moral Responsibility and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Steve Vanderheiden

in Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195334609
eISBN:
9780199868759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334609.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter begins by introducing the normative principle of responsibility, then surveys several relevant distinctions within the concept of responsibility (causal vs. moral, positive vs. negative) ... More


Luck Egalitarianism: A Modest Account

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part II of the book addresses the question why equality matters and defends luck egalitarianism against “democratic equality.” Chapter 4 begins by recalling the familiar core ideas of luck ... More


Epistemic Luck

Duncan Pritchard

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199280384
eISBN:
9780191602290
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928038X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One of the key supposed ‘platitudes’ of contemporary epistemology is the claim that knowledge excludes luck. One can see the attraction of such a claim, in that knowledge is something that one can ... More


The Independent Moral Significance of Wrongdoing

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

A fundamental division within the theory of responsibility is between those who think that causation of a harm attempted or culpably risks increases blameworthiness, and those who think it does not. ... More


Defending Luck Egalitarianism

Kok-Chor Tan

in Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to some influential objections raised by proponents of democratic equality (e.g. Anderson, Scheffler, Freeman) against luck egalitarianism. I argue that these objections are ... More


Postscript: Moral Luck

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemic Luck

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199280384
eISBN:
9780191602290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928038X.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I outline how an analysis of epistemic luck has ramifications for the supposedly parallel debate regarding moral luck. Focusing on the two classic papers on moral luck by Thomas Nagel and Bernard ... More


 Regretting the Self One Is

Lisa Tessman

in Burdened Virtues: Virtue Ethics for Liberatory Struggles

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195179149
eISBN:
9780199835782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195179145.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter examines a practice known by feminists as the politics of personal transformation, a practice that has attempted to respond critically to the fact that selves have been morally damaged ... More


A Theory of Virtue: Excellence in Being for the Good

Robert Merrihew Adams

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207510
eISBN:
9780191708824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207510.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book offers a systematic, comprehensive framework for thinking about the moral evaluation of character. Many recent attempts to stake out a place in moral philosophy for this concern define ... More


Causation and Moral Blameworthiness

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter leaves the law for the morality underlying it. The question is whether tort and criminal law should be as focused on causation as they are. This issue is usually framed as being an issue ... More


Being Responsible, Taking Responsibility, and Penumbral Agency

David Enoch

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Taking as the point of departure Bernard Williams' influential thoughts about agent-regret, the chapter distinguishes between being responsible and taking responsibility. The chapter argues that ... More


The Involuntary Nature of Moral Character

Paul Russell

in Freedom and Moral Sentiment: Hume's Way of Naturalizing Responsibility

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152906
eISBN:
9780199869343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152905.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Hume claims that we are responsible for those qualities of mind or character that affect others and ourselves in pleasurable or painful ways. Insofar as our action and deportment express our ... More


Criminal Entrapment: Instigating the Unpredisposed

Joel Feinberg

in Problems at the Roots of Law: Essays in Legal and Political Theory

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155266
eISBN:
9780199833177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155262.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The focus of this chapter is the conflict between various analyses of criminal entrapment. The question is who is the culprit when circumstances are arranged by police so that a person freely chooses ... More


Resultant Luck and Criminal Liability

Andrew Cornford

in The Structures of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199644315
eISBN:
9780191732249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644315.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

The problem of resultant moral luck — that is, the problem of whether and to what extent the results of an agent's actions should influence the blame or judgement that is due to her — is a familiar ... More


Agency and Luck

Joseph Raz

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An examination of Williams account of agent-regret leads to its supplementation, and to an explanation of why we are attached to, and responsible for, some of our actions even when we do not control ... More


Moral Luck

Anthony Kenny

in Aristotle on the Perfect Life

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240174
eISBN:
9780191680106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240174.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle's discussion of luck and fortune in his ethical treatises addresses some of the same issues; but the overlap is not complete, and there are important differences of approach. Aristotle's ... More


The Character of Evil

Phillip Cole

in The Myth of Evil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748622009
eISBN:
9780748671908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748622009.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the ‘Virtue Ethics’ approach to the problem of evil, which focuses on the idea of ‘character’ – certain individuals have a character which leads to them perform evil actions. It ... More


Blame, Autonomy, and Problem Cases

Nomy Arpaly

in Unprincipled Virtue: An Inquiry Into Moral Agency

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195152043
eISBN:
9780199785780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152042.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents examples which show that agent-autonomy is a necessary condition for moral praise- or blameworthiness. It argues that commonsensical conclusions about praise and blame can be ... More


Responsibility and the Limits of Evil: Variations on a Strawsonian Theme

Gary Watson

in Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199272273
eISBN:
9780191709968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272273.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Strawson attempts to defuse the debate about determinism, understanding our moral practices, in which we demand good will and respect from one another, as constitutive of the conditions for moral ... More


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