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Grotius: 10 April 1583–28 August 1645

Martin Wight

in Four Seminal Thinkers in International Theory: Machiavelli, Grotius, Kant, and Mazzini

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199273676
eISBN:
9780191602771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273677.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Grotius is acknowledged as the father of International Law. His thought is marked by richness and complexity. He was a reconciler and synthesizer, favoured ‘the middle way’ and advocated the reunion ... More


On the Social Construction of Moral Universals: The “Holocaust” from War Crime to Trauma Drama

Jeffrey C. Alexander

in The Meanings of Social Life: A Cultural Sociology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160840
eISBN:
9780199944156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160840.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter explores the social creation of a cultural fact and evaluates the effects of this cultural fact on social and moral life. It analyses the creation of moral universals, focusing on the ... More


Loyalty: An Essay on the Morality of Relationships

George P. Fletcher

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195098327
eISBN:
9780199852901
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098327.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book offers an account of loyalty that illuminates its role in our relationships with family and friends, our ties to country, and the commitment of the religious to God and their community. The ... More


Recognizing Human Ambiguity

Richard Crouter

in Reinhold Niebuhr: On Politics, Religion, and Christian Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195379679
eISBN:
9780199869169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379679.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Chapter 3 shows how St. Paul, Augustine, and Kierkegaard inform Niebuhr’s Christian anthropology by insisting on our human ambiguity and sinful nature, the ways that self-interest constantly works ... More


Practical Reason and its Virtues

J. L. A. Garcia

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the instrumentalist's conception of practical reasoning favoured by consequentialists is inadequate. Despite Amartya Sen's formidable defence of consequentialism, it is ... More


7. Virtuous Consequentialism

David Fisher

in Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

A summary chapter that draws together the earlier strands of argument to expound and defend virtuous consequentialism. This approach more accurately captures the nature of moral reasoning than other ... More


Moral Issues and Social Problems

MARCUS GEORGE SINGER

in The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

At the beginning of one of his inimitable discourses William James once said: ‘I am only a philosopher, and there is only one thing that a philosopher ... More


The Author-Cat: Clemens's Life in Fiction

Forrest G. Robinson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823227877
eISBN:
9780823240968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823227877.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

At the end of his long life, Samuel Clemens felt driven to write a truthful account of what he regarded as the flaws in his character and the errors of his ways. His attempt to tell the unvarnished ... More


‘Religious Correctness’ and Justice

Jon D. Mikalson

in Greek Popular Religion in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577835
eISBN:
9780191723063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577835.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter opens with a discussion of ‘sound thinking’ (sophrosyne) as the underlying cause for proper religious behaviour. The focus, however, is on the relationship between ‘religious ... More


Were the Early Confucians Virtuous?

Roger T. Ames and Jr. Henry Rosemont

in Ethics in Early China: An Anthology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888028931
eISBN:
9789882209800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028931.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter responds negatively to the question entitling it. While the vocabulary of virtue ethics for describing the early Confucian vision of the moral life (dào) is superior to those linked to ... More


Self-Forgiveness

Jeffrie G. Murphy

in Getting Even: Forgiveness and Its Limits

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195178555
eISBN:
9780199850129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178555.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Forgiveness is complex in nature. It is in this nature that forgiveness should be defined in accordance to the actual texture of one's moral life which is to think of it as overcoming a variety of ... More


Nietzsche as Psychologist

Ruth Abbey

in Nietzsche's Middle Period

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195134087
eISBN:
9780199785766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134087.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The middle period works attest to what a careful, sensitive analyst of moral life Friedrich Nietzsche could be, offering a range of nuanced and delicate analyses of the psyche. The exaggeration, ... More


Introduction

Linda Zagzebski and Michael DePaul (eds)

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is high time for both ethicists and epistemologists to directly engage with each other. By bringing together each discipline's knowledge and perspective, relative to understanding the nature of ... More


Conduct: Moral Inquiry

Peter W. Martens

in Origen and Scripture: The Contours of the Exegetical Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639557
eISBN:
9780191738135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639557.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Biblical Studies

This chapter examines how the moral character and conduct of the Christian philologist shaped scriptural interpretation. It begins with Origen's account of how the worthy moral life helped form ... More


Conclusion: Ezekiel and the Ethics of Exile

Andrew Mein

in Ezekiel and the Ethics of Exile

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199291397
eISBN:
9780191700620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291397.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This study of ethics in Ezekiel began by outlining an approach to the study of ethics in ancient Israel, concentrating on the historical and sociological task of describing the ideals and practice of ... More


Giving an Account of Oneself

Judith Butler

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823225033
eISBN:
9780823235230
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823225033.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What does it mean to lead a moral life? This book offers a provocative outline for a new ethical practice—one responsive to the need for critical autonomy and grounded in a new sense of the human ... More


The Good Is That to Which All Things Aim: Aristotle on God and the Good

Diana Lobel

in The Quest for God and the Good: World Philosophy as a Living Experience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153157
eISBN:
9780231527019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153157.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Aristotle's views on God and the good as well as his notion of the moral life by focusing on his Nicomachean Ethics and Eudemian Ethics. Aristotle offers an earthy, practical ... More


My own life: ethics, ageing and lifestyle

Joseph Dohmen

in Ageing, meaning and social structure: Connecting critical and humanistic gerontology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9781447300908
eISBN:
9781447307822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447300908.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Recent decades has seen a shift from what may be termed a 'politics of emancipation' to a politics of life. In a post-traditional society, late-modern people, young and old, are individualized and ... More


Introduction

Henry Rosemont and Roger T. Ames

in The Chinese Classic of Family Reverence: A Philosophical Translation of the Xiaojing

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832841
eISBN:
9780824869953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832841.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This book is a philosophical translation of the Xiaojing (Classic of Family Reverence). It articulates a specifically Confucian conception of “role ethics,” which takes as its starting point and as ... More


On the Social Construction of Moral Universals: The “Holocaust” from War Crime to Trauma Drama

Jeffrey C. Alexander

in Cultural Trauma and Collective Identity

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235946
eISBN:
9780520936768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235946.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter explores the social creation of cultural fact and the effects of the cultural fact upon social and moral life. Lay trauma theory was compromised with the contemporary forms of thinking. ... More


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