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The Problem of Moral Knowledge

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the philosophies of Harman and Mackie with a view to highlighting six claims of central concern: (1) whether issues of objectivity should be raised ‘reflexively’ at the ... More


From Moral Knowledge to Default Principles

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the bare possibility of moral knowledge in particular cases is already enough to ensure the availability of a certain sort of ‘hedged’ moral principle called a ‘default ... More


A Contextual Model of Moral Justification

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an application of contextualism in the specific case of moral knowledge. The overall aim is the final vindication of a contextualist account of moral justification that supports ... More


Tradition Based Moral Enquiry

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains how a contextualist can argue for rationality both within a tradition of moral enquiry and, equally importantly, across such traditions. An essential part of the latter task is ... More


THE SUBJECT OF MORAL PHILOSOPHY, WITH POSTSCRIPT 2007

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter claims that the subject matter of moral theory is morality, and that morality is a socially embodied medium of understanding and negotiation over responsibility for things open to human ... More


Innateness and Moral Psychology *

Shaun Nichols

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0020
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the recent attempts to use Chomsky-style arguments in support of innate moral knowledge are uniformly unconvincing. The chapter proceeds as follows: Section 1 sets out the ... More


Knowing Moral Agents:: Epistemic Dependence and the Moral Realm

Heidi E. Grasswick

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In this essay, I examine feminist analyses of moral knowledge and consider their implications for the possibility of knowing through testimony in the moral realm. I frame my questions in terms of ... More


WHERE DO MORAL THEORIES COME FROM?: Henry Sidgwick and Twentieth-century Ethics

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter traces the emergence of a theoretical-juridical model of moral theory in the work of English utilitarian philosopher Henry Sidgwick's masterwork, The Methods of Ethics. Through a series ... More


Moral Knowledge: Pure Reason and the Law

Katerina Deligiorgi

in The Scope of Autonomy: Kant and the Morality of Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646159
eISBN:
9780191741142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646159.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 2 focuses on moral knowledge and examines the epistemic component of autonomy that supports a cognitivist, objectivist, and Kantian realist interpretation of right. The argument is set up ... More


Introduction

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the aim of this book, which is the development of a contextualist approach to epistemology. This is followed by a discussion of the ... More


Epistemology and Ethics

Noah Lemos

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In ”Epistemology and Ethics,” Noah Lemos suggests that moral epistemology is mainly concerned with “whether and how we can have knowledge or justified belief” about moral issues. After addressing ... More


Moral Skepticisms

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral Skepticisms provides a detailed overview of moral epistemology, addressing such profound questions as: Are any moral beliefs true? Are any justified? Is moral knowledge possible? ... More


Moral Knowledge and Moral Principles

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

If moral knowledge requires deductively assured conclusions about particular cases, then to block an infinite regress there must be intuitively evident first principles of complete generality to ... More


Perception as a Direct Source of Moral Knowledge

Robert Audi

in Moral Perception

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156484
eISBN:
9781400846320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156484.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores how simple perception, whether moral or not, does not entail belief formation, but its non-doxastic character does not in the least preclude its presenting perceivers with much ... More


Musical Morality

Peter Kivy

in Antithetical Arts: On the Ancient Quarrel Between Literature and Music

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562800
eISBN:
9780191721298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562800.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter examines the moral claims of absolute music. It argues that absolute music shares with many other human activities the propensity to produce, in human beings, a kind of ecstasy that ... More


Moral Knowledge and Experience 1

Sarah McGrath

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume 6

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606375
eISBN:
9780191729478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606375.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explores how one might attempt to reconcile two widely held ideas about morality that stand in prima facie tension with one another. The first idea is that moral knowledge — whatever ... More


The Autonomy of Ethics and the Moral Authority of Religion

Robert Audi

in Democratic Authority and the Separation of Church and State

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199796083
eISBN:
9780199919345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796083.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter explores the relation between moral and religious knowledge and shows how even the pious can grant that the former is possible independently of the latter. The chapter also explains how ... More


Moral Scepticism

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247293.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Presents and tries to defuse some classic arguments for moral scepticism, and against the possibility of moral knowledge. Considers the regress argument, an argument from relevant alternatives, and a ... More


The Justification of Verdictive Beliefs

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Develops a version of reliabilism about moral knowledge, in an effort to explain how we can have knowledge of all‐things‐considered moral verdicts. Considers a number of objections to reliabilism, ... More


Moral Perception, Aesthetic Perception, and Intuitive Judgment

Robert Audi

in Moral Perception

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156484
eISBN:
9781400846320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156484.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a comparison between moral and aesthetic knowledge and other aspects of the similarity between moral and aesthetic cognition. The connections between aesthetics and ethics are ... More


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