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A Contextual Model of Moral Justification

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops an application of contextualism in the specific case of moral knowledge. The overall aim is the final vindication of a contextualist account of moral justification that supports ... More


Critical Justification

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The internal coherence of any system of political institutions and ideas is only one of the considerations we must have in mind in an account of ultimate justification; there is also the idea of a ... More


AUTHORITY AND TRANSPARENCY: The Example of Feminist Skepticism

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In an age of moral skepticism, moral philosophers are often casual about their own positions to represent moral life in societies segmented by gender, race, class, and other differences. Drawing on ... More


PERIPHERAL VISIONS, CRITICAL PRACTICE

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

The objection to a naturalized, historically situated, and culturally embedded view of morality is that it amounts to moral relativism, and so fails to provide for real moral justification. On the ... More


Political Legitimacy 1

Allen Buchanan

in Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198295358
eISBN:
9780191600982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295359.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This second part of the book turns to an examination of the conditions under which it is morally justifiable to exercise political power to enforce international law in the pursuit of justice. Ch. 5 ... More


 The Focus on the Basic Structure

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter marks the beginning of the remainder of the book's focus, which is on Rawls's most prominent work in political philosophy, A Theory of Justice. It examines the key idea of the “basic ... More


Afterword: Whether Agreed to or not

Russell Hardin

in Liberalism, Constitutionalism, and Democracy

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290841
eISBN:
9780191599415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290845.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Sociologically, as explanatory theories, liberalism, constitutionalism, and democracy may yield compelling accounts of the political order of many societies. This follows if they serve the mutual ... More


Recognitional Legitimacy

Allen Buchanan

in Justice, Legitimacy, and Self-Determination: Moral Foundations for International Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198295358
eISBN:
9780191600982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295359.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ch. 5 outlined an argument for a justice‐based general conception of what might be called internal political legitimacy: the conditions under which the exercise of political power within a political ... More


Epistemic and Moral Duty

Bruce Russell

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Is in part about the relation between epistemic and moral justification. Begins with the distinction between subjective and objective moral justification, and then moves on to examine the difference ... More


Neuroscience and Moral Reasoning

Walter Glannon

in Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734092
eISBN:
9780199894475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734092.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines claims by some cognitive psychologists conducting functional neuroimaging experiments about the neural basis of moral intuitions. It questions the idea that there are distinct ... More


Desert

James Griffin

in Well-Being: Its Meaning, Measurement and Moral Importance

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248439
eISBN:
9780191597558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248431.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many moral views give no deep place to desert: utilitarianism, Kant, Rawls’ contractualism. Is desert a moral reason for action? Is merit? The chapter argues that, although merit can be a reason to ... More


Monism, Interpretivism, and Law's Aim

George Letsas

in Law and Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237159
eISBN:
9780191705427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237159.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter argues that the differences between Dworkinian interpretivism on one hand, and positivism and natural law on the other can be located not on the question of law's connection to moral ... More


Epistemic and Moral Justification

Kristin Shrader-frechette General

in Regulating Toxic Substances: A Philosophy of Science and the Law

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195074369
eISBN:
9780199852932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195074369.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter continues the argument of why ideal levels of scientific accuracy should not be applied in torts and administrative law by focusing on two issues. Firstly, the standards of evidence ... More


‘Pointless Heartbreak Unrepaid’: Consequentialism and the IRA's Armed Struggle

Timothy Shanahan

in The Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Morality of Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635290
eISBN:
9780748652884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635290.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Attempts to morally justify the IRA's armed struggle in terms of Just War Theory encounter a number of serious problems. However, it might be morally justified according to the standards of other ... More


Justifying Mitigation Morally

Jeremy Horder

in Provocation and Responsibility

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198256960
eISBN:
9780191681707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198256960.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter deals with explanations that have been given by leading commentators for the key justificatory characteristic of the doctrine of provocation, and with the concepts of anger that underpin ... More


Moral Dumbfounding

Mark Fedyk

in The Social Turn in Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035569
eISBN:
9780262337151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035569.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the experimental evidence which purports to demonstrate the ubiquity of a phenomena called “moral dumbfounding”. A careful study of the evidence demonstrates that the ... More


Too Much from Too Little: A Critique of Gerald Gaus’s Libertarian Neutralism

Matthew H. Kramer

in Liberalism with Excellence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198777960
eISBN:
9780191823428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198777960.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 4 remains on the offensive against liberal neutralism, as it contests the efforts by Gerald Gaus to ground his libertarian version of neutralism on supposedly thin and uncontroversial ... More


Religious Conflict and Moral Consensus: Hobbes, Rawls, and Two Types of Moral Justification

Daniel Eggers

in Hobbes on Politics and Religion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198803409
eISBN:
9780191860836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803409.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to Hobbes’s attempt to set up the moral theory that grounds his political argument in a way that makes it equally acceptable to proponents of quite different religious and ... More


Constructivism, Facts, and Moral Justification

Samuel Freeman

in Liberalism and Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190699260
eISBN:
9780190699291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699260.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter responds to G. A. Cohen’s criticisms of Rawls’s reliance upon social and psychological facts about humans to argue for his principles of justice. Cohen contends that such facts are ... More


Conclusion In Defence of Just War Theory

Mark Evans

in Just War Theory: A Reappraisal

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748620746
eISBN:
9780748672042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748620746.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Various well-known criticisms of just war theory are raised and assessed in this chapter. These include the difficulty of defining “war” and hence the circumstances in which the theory might count; ... More


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