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Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Shaun Nichols

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This volume develops a new account of the nature of moral judgment. Evidence from developmental psychology and psychopathologies suggests that emotions play a crucial role in normal moral judgment. ... More


Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Over the last several decades, advocates have championed a bewildering variety of methods for understanding and resolving difficult ethical problems in medicine, including principlism, wide ... More


Oughts and Thoughts: Scepticism and the Normativity of Meaning

Anandi Hattiangadi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199219025
eISBN:
9780191711879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219025.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book provides a response to the argument for meaning scepticism set out by Saul Kripke in Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language. Kripke asks what makes it the case that anybody ever means ... More


How Good Is the Linguistic Analogy ?

Susan Dwyer

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A nativist moral psychology, modeled on the successes of theoretical linguistics, provides the best framework for explaining the acquisition of moral capacities and the diversity of moral judgment ... More


Ethics and Qualities of Life

Joel J. Kupperman

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308198
eISBN:
9780199867325
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308198.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book looks at what enters into ethical judgment and choice. Interpretation of a case and of what the options are is always a factor, as is a sense of the possible values at stake. Intuitions ... More


AUTHORITY AND TRANSPARENCY: The Example of Feminist Skepticism

Margaret Urban Walker

in Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315394
eISBN:
9780199872053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315394.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In an age of moral skepticism, moral philosophers are often casual about their own positions to represent moral life in societies segmented by gender, race, class, and other differences. Drawing on ... More


Moral Judgments

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines several linguistic theories of moral judgments, and shows that none of them is able to distinguish between moral judgments and non-moral judgments. It uses the distinction ... More


Law and Bioethics in Rodriguez v. Canada

David E. Guinn, Edward W. Keyserlingk, and Wendy Morton

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that ethics plays an extremely important role in decision making and lawmaking in bioethics issues. These decisions are not simple case-by-case judgments; rather, they rest upon ... More


Everyday Aesthetics

Yuriko Saito

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199278350
eISBN:
9780191707001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278350.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Everyday aesthetic experiences and concerns occupy a large part of our aesthetic life. However, because of their prevalence and mundane nature, we tend not to pay much attention to them, let alone ... More


Morality

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes between morality — the informal public system that people use — usually implicitly, when making moral decisions and judgments, and a moral theory, which provides an ... More


A case study of neuroethics: the nature of moral judgment

Adina Roskies

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter describes one particular neuroethical project in more depth, in order to provide a glimpse of what a neuroethical analysis might look like and the kinds of issues that such an analysis ... More


AN EPISTEMICALLY MODEST UNIVERSAL MORAL STANDPOINT

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott uses the life of Bartolomé de Las Casas to illustrate the importance of bottom-up moral reasoning. He shows how Las Casas’s experiences in the Americas could have contributed ... More


Rules

Ron Mallon and Shaun Nichols

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Recent work on the emotions and moral judgment by Jonathan Haidt, James Blair, and Joshua Greene has done much to revive a sentimentalist tradition of thinking about moral psychology. This chapter ... More


Multi‐system Moral Psychology

Fiery Cushman, Liane Young, and Joshua D. Greene

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues for a synthesis of two recent projects in moral psychology. One has proposed a division between “emotional” versus “cognitive” moral judgments, while another has proposed a ... More


Moral Emotions *

Jesse J. Prinz and Shaun Nichols

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter surveys empirical evidence linking emotions to moral judgments and describes several processing models that are consistent with these data. It then considers the question of which ... More


Collection of Certainties

Krishnachandra Bhattacharyya

in Implications of the Philosophy of Kant: Kantadarsaner Tatparyya

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077336
eISBN:
9780199081530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077336.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter briefly discusses judgment, which ascertains the qualifiers of an object. It relates Bhattacharyya's opinion on reverential contemplation, and emphasises that the relation found in moral ... More


Putting Principles in Context: Balancing, Specification, and Reflective Equilibrium

Tom Tomlinson

in Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter continues the discussion of principles, but not as they are used within monistic, foundationalist systems like those of Singer and Englehardt. Instead, I examine their use in pluralistic ... More


Norms with Feeling: Toward a Psychological Account of Moral Judgment

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A large tradition of work in moral psychology explores the capacity for moral judgment by focusing on the basic capacity to distinguish moral violations (e.g., hitting another person) from ... More


Ethical Recognition, Moral Diversity, and ‘The Right-thinking Person’

Lawrence McNamara

in Reputation and Defamation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199231454
eISBN:
9780191710858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231454.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

The meaning of ‘the right-thinking person’ has in recent years become less clear and highly contested. This chapter examines how, if at all, ‘the right-thinking person’ should form a part of the ... More


Hegel's Conscience

Dean Moyar

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195391992
eISBN:
9780199894659
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391992.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book provides a new interpretation of the ethical theory of G.W.F. Hegel. The aim is not only to give a new interpretation for specialists in German Idealism, but also to provide an analysis ... More


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