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. Reason, Imagination, and Moral Experience

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The epistemic status of moral discourse turns in part on the explanation of divergent moral beliefs. Whether differences of moral opinion there are best explained by a failure accurately to represent ... More


Metaphor and Moral Experience

A. E. Denham

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This book examines the parallels between moral and metaphorical discourse, and the ways in which our engagement with literary art, and metaphorical discourse in particular, informs our moral beliefs. ... More


Moral Sentiments

John Bricke

in Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume's Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250111
eISBN:
9780191681240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250111.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

David Hume's direct and indirect arguments constitute a sustained, sophisticated, and compelling attack on standard moral cognitivism and its many variants. With moral conativism as his foundation, ... More


Claims and Counter-claims: A General Introduction to Moral Realism

Christian F. R. Illies

in The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238324
eISBN:
9780191679612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238324.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the debate about moral realism which can be found in current analytic philosophy and outlines the position of moral realism and anti-realism and the main arguments raised by ... More


The Argument from Normative Consistency and the Goodness of Truth and Freedom

Christian F. R. Illies

in The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238324
eISBN:
9780191679612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238324.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter suggests a new transcendental argument of the retorsive type and shows how it can overcome the criticised insufficiencies of the traditional transcendental approaches. It seems that ... More


Aspects of Value

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The analogy between experience of value and experience of secondary qualities raises as many questions as it answers. This chapter suggests that moral experience, like much perceptual experience, is ... More


Value Judgements and Normative Claims

MARCUS GEORGE SINGER

in The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes the use of the term ‘normative claims’, to cover both value judgements and moral judgements. A normative claim is a claim to the ... More


Objectivity and Value: Legal Arguments and the Fallibility of Judges

Stephen Guest

in Law and Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237159
eISBN:
9780191705427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237159.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter begins with a discussion of the nature of truth, the sociology and objectivity of value, moral judgements as skill, social practices and objectivity, and objectivity in law. It then ... More


Values and Valuing

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

The combination of Platonic requirements on objectivity and those imposed by the role of values in ordinary practical reasoning appears to be fatal, at least, for any theory of value which eschews ... More


Converging on Values: Cognition and Sentiment

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

This chapter reconsiders the intuitive conception of truth which any account of ‘qualified judgements’ and ‘suitable subjects’ will have to subserve. There are many alternative conceptions of truth; ... More


Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This collection of essays, written between 1957 and 1977, contains discussions of the moral philosophy of David Hume, Immanuel Kant, Friedrich Nietzsche, and some modern philosophers. It presents ... More


The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Marcus George Singer

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book collects the most important essays by the distinguished moral philosopher Marcus G. Singer. Its guiding theme is the concept of a morality based in reason, ... More


The Argument from Agency

Christian F. R. Illies

in The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238324
eISBN:
9780191679612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238324.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines a transcendental argument developed by Alan Gewirth. Gewirth's ‘Dialectically Necessary Method’ is designed to provide a justification for fundamental moral principles on the ... More


Truth and Beyond

Christian F. R. Illies

in The Grounds of Ethical Judgement: New Transcendental Arguments in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198238324
eISBN:
9780191679612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238324.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter puts aside the epistemological level of discourse and outlines the reach of the argument from normative consistency. It shows how the argument from normative consistency can provide an ... More


Art and Morality (2)

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

It is now clear that works of literary art can inform moral judgements, contributing to their justifiability and their truth. This chapter suggests how certain features of metaphor can be extended to ... More


Subjective Conceptions

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

Genuine moral judgements might be only available to someone possessed of moral competence, and moral competence requires, at a minimum, that one be susceptible to a specific kind of moral experience ... More


Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives *

Philippa Foot

in Virtues and Vices: and other essays in moral philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252862
eISBN:
9780191597435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252866.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is commonly supposed that Immanuel Kant, distinguishing categorical imperatives from hypothetical (or desire based) imperatives, proved that moral judgements give categorical imperatives. These ... More


Animals—Property or Persons?

Gary L. Francione

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter argues that the human attitude towards animals can best be described as moral schizophrenia. It explains that this moral schizophrenia is related to the status of animals as property, ... More


On Truth in Ethics

MARCUS GEORGE SINGER

in The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter proposes that ethical statements or judgements are ‘capable of truth’. It outlines the three formal properties of truth and argues that ... More


Moral Philosophy and Civil Society: Ethics and Self-Love  

Andrew Stewart Skinner

in A System of Social Science: Papers Relating to Adam Smith

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233343
eISBN:
9780191678974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233343.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

There is a certain elegance and ingenuity about the argument of The Theory of Moral Sentiments which is nowhere more obvious than in the way in which Adam Smith made allowances for certain features ... More


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