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Freedom and Reason

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810926
eISBN:
9780191597589
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019881092X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Concerns the apparent antinomy between freedom and reason. Rationality appears to be a restraint on freedom, whereas freedom seems to be incompatible with rationality. Rejecting rationality to ... More


Values, Norms, and the Practical

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter rejects the view that Wiggins’s and McDowell’s theories of moral motivation postulate an objectionable form of inherent normativity in a moral agent’s recognition of value. Their ... More


Mind and Morality: An Examination of Hume's Moral Psychology

John Bricke

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250111
eISBN:
9780191681240
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250111.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is a philosophical study of the theory of mind and morality that David Hume developed in his Treatise of Human Nature and other writings. The chief elements in this theory of mind are Hume's ... More


Two Versions

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The main subject of The Theory of Moral Sentiments is moral judgement but it does have a second minor subject, the nature of virtue, discussed at length in a new part added to the sixth edition. Thus ... More


Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral Dilemmas is the second volume of collected essays by the eminent moral philosopher Philippa Foot. It fills the gap between her 1978 collection Virtues and Vices and her acclaimed monograph ... More


What Is Moral Relativism?

Gilbert Harman

in Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Discusses three forms of moral relativism—normative moral relativism, moral judgement relativism, and meta‐ethical relativism. After discussing objections to each view, it is shown that the ... More


Judging: Legal Cases and Moral Questions

Neil MacCormick

in Practical Reason in Law and Morality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198268772
eISBN:
9780191713071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268772.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter takes up an issue left hanging from earlier in the book: as autonomous moral agents, do we more resemble legislators or judges, so far as concerning some parallel with agencies of state? ... More


Cognitive Neuroscience and the Structure of the Moral Mind *

Joshua Greene

in The Innate Mind: Structure and Contents

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195179675
eISBN:
9780199869794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179675.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses neurocognitive work relevant to moral psychology and the proposition that innate factors make important contributions to moral judgment. It reviews various sources of evidence ... More


Reducing the Demand

JOHN E. HARE

in The Moral Gap: Kantian Ethics, Human Limits, and God's Assistance

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269571
eISBN:
9780191683701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269571.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter examines a strategy for bridging the moral gap that involves reducing moral demand. It analyses claims that impartiality is not always required in moral judgement and suggests that these ... More


Passion, Reason, and Morality

DAVID MILLER

in Philosophy and Ideology in Hume's Political Thought

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246589
eISBN:
9780191681028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246589.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Hume's account of the passions and moral judgement. It attempts to place in perspective two of Hume's most celebrated themes: that reason is the slave of the passions, and that ... More


Sympathy and Imagination

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sympathy and imagination are the basic elements of Smith's explanation of moral judgement. Although Smith entitles his first chapter ‘Of Sympathy’, the role of imagination is in fact greater than ... More


Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

R. M. Hare

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246602
eISBN:
9780191597596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246609.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

By distinguishing between two different levels of moral thinking, we see how utilitarian reasoning at the critical level—enlisting the impartial sympathy for others’ predicaments, which we must have ... More


Introduction

Philippa Foot

in Natural Goodness

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235088
eISBN:
9780191597428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235089.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The aim of the book is to determine the category to which the moral evaluation of human actions belongs. This involves making certain distinctions in the logical grammar of evaluations. Drawing upon ... More


Does Moral Subjectivism Rest on a Mistake ?

Philippa Foot

in Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Foot examines the moral theory known as ‘non‐cognitivism’ (a form of subjectivism). Her central thesis is that all non‐cognitivist moral theories are based on the same serious mistake. This mistake ... More


Paraworlds and Confirmation

Catherine Wilson

in Moral Animals: Ideals and Constraints in Moral Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199267675
eISBN:
9780191601859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267677.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Addresses the question whether moral judgements can enjoy objectivity and whether posited moral rules can signify real obligations. It is argued that rules and judgements are interconvertible and, ... More


Moral Relativism Defended

Gilbert Harman

in Explaining Value: and Other Essays in Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238041
eISBN:
9780191597626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238045.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A version of moral relativism can be formulated as an intelligible thesis, the thesis that morality derives from an implicit agreement and moral judgements are true or false only in relation to such ... More


Descriptive Meaning

R. M. Hare

in Freedom and Reason

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198810926
eISBN:
9780191597589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019881092X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Outlines the features of descriptive terms and judgements. The role played by descriptive meaning in moral statements is elucidated by examining the general nature of descriptivist statements and the ... More


Art and Morality (I)

A. E. Denham

in Metaphor and Moral Experience

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240105
eISBN:
9780191680076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240105.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Moral Philosophy

Ethics and aesthetics may not be one, but the historical association of their ascendants, morality and art, is an intimate and long-standing one. Like most long associations, theirs has featured a ... More


The Archangel and the Prole

R. M. Hare

in Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point

Published in print:
1981
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246602
eISBN:
9780191597596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246609.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The relation between the two levels of moral thinking, and how we know when to think at one level and when to think at the other is best explained in terms of our use of critical thinking to select ... More


Philosophy of Language in Ethics

R. M. Hare

in Sorting Out Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250326
eISBN:
9780191597602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250320.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Philosophy of language, according to Hare, contributes significantly to ethics, because it provides a logical structure for moral thinking. Referring to J. L. Austin's theory of speech acts, Hare ... More


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