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Experiments, Intuitions, and Methodology in Moral and Political Theory 1

David Copp

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral and political philosophers commonly appeal to moral “intuitions” at crucial points in their reasoning. This chapter considers recent challenges to this practice—here referred to as “the ... More


Moral Intuitions

Walter Sinnott‐Armstrong, Liane Young, and Fiery Cushman

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Moral intuitions are strong, stable, immediate moral beliefs. Moral philosophers ask when they are justified. This question cannot be answered separately from a psychological question: How do moral ... More


Intuitions in Moral Inquiry

Michael R. DePaul

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins with a weak understanding of intuitions as beliefs that do not result from more familiar sources, but that the person currently holds simply because the proposition believed seems ... More


Insight, Consistency, and Plans for Living

Allan Gibbard

in Reconciling Our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370423
eISBN:
9780199851980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370423.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses moral reasoning. It presents a situation wherein morality lies outside the scope of empirical science. It notes that science itself rests on intuitions about the justification ... More


Living High and Letting Die: Our Illusion of Innocence

Peter Unger

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195108590
eISBN:
9780199868261
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195108590.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

That our unexamined moral intuitions often lead us to commend conduct that is seriously wrong and to condemn conduct that is not wrong indicates the extent to which these intuitions clash with our ... More


Perceptual Grounds, Ethical Disagreement, and Moral Intuitions

Robert Audi

in Moral Perception

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156484
eISBN:
9781400846320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156484.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter studies disagreements involving moral intuitions and other kinds of moral cognitions. In understanding disagreements of any kind, it is essential to ascertain whether the disputants ... More


Emotion and Intuition as Sources of Moral Judgment

Robert Audi

in Moral Perception

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156484
eISBN:
9781400846320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156484.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines how moral perception is possible for virtually any normal person with an elementary mastery of moral concepts. But moral perception is by no means the only route to moral ... More


The Limits of Morality

Shelly Kagan

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239161
eISBN:
9780191597848
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239165.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a sustained attack on two of the most fundamental features of ‘ordinary morality’, the common‐sense moral view that most of us accept. According to this view, morality involves two ... More


Ross and Rule‐Consequentialism

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

If lying and not lying will have exactly the same consequences, then, according to act-utilitarianism, it doesn't matter whether or not one lies. Ross claims that lying is prima facie wrong, or wrong ... More


Introduction

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces some key concepts, including prudence and justice and the relations between them, and gives an overview of the book. It also provides an account of the methodology employed. ... More


Reason and intuition in the moral life: A dual-process account of moral justification

Leland F. Saunders

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores how morality can be rational if moral intuitions are resistant to rational reflection. There are two parts to this question. The normative problem is whether there is a model of ... More


Against Ordinary Morality

Shelly Kagan

in The Limits of Morality

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239161
eISBN:
9780191597848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239165.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter lays out the basic elements of ordinary morality, according to which there is only a limited requirement to promote the overall good. In particular, ‘constraints’ impose restrictions on ... More


Neuroscience and Moral Reasoning

Walter Glannon

in Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734092
eISBN:
9780199894475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734092.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines claims by some cognitive psychologists conducting functional neuroimaging experiments about the neural basis of moral intuitions. It questions the idea that there are distinct ... More


The Origin of the Moral Senses

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter contains a classification of the moral senses and a speculative account of how they originated. It is suggested that a sense of duty originated in the emotional and motivational states ... More


Evolutionary Jurisprudence: The End of the Naturalistic Fallacy and the Beginning of Natural Reform?

Morris B. Hoffman

in Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues Volume 13

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599844
eISBN:
9780191725227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.003.0026
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter begins by surveying the naturalistic fallacy's philosophical landscape and some of the scientific literature on the evolution of morality. It then proposes a set of principles that legal ... More


Living Together: Economic and Moral Argument

Allan Gibbard

in Reconciling Our Aims: In Search of Bases for Ethics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370423
eISBN:
9780199851980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370423.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses that moral inquiry in philosophy often comes in two broad styles. One is humanistic and pragmatic, wherein one would think what is in morality for him, and what version of ... More


Abhorrent Commands

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

in Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751808
eISBN:
9780199894840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751808.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter answers arbitrariness and vacuity objections to divine command theory without shying away from the hard biblical passages like the binding of Isaac and the conquest narratives, nor ... More


Conclusions: The Inescapability of Moral Obligations

C. Stephen Evans

in God and Moral Obligation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199696680
eISBN:
9780191744266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696680.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This book has argued that moral obligations are best explained as God's commands. However, if God does not exist, someone might regard this argument as a reductio of moral realism, giving reasons to ... More


Moral Dumbfounding and Moral Stupefaction

Daniel Jacobson

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics: Volume 2

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662951
eISBN:
9780191745195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662951.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Several prominent moral psychologists and philosophers make much of a phenomenon they term moral dumbfounding, which is characterized by dogmatic insistence on a moral judgment for which no good ... More


Penal Theory, Moral Intuitions, and Public Opinion

Jesper Ryberg

in Popular Punishment: On the Normative Significance of Public Opinion

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199941377
eISBN:
9780199374694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199941377.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

Moral intuitions play an important role in penal theorizing. But whose intuitions should count? In this chapter, it is argued that laypeople’s intuitions ought to be consulted in penal theoretical ... More


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