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 Principlism

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter compares an account of common morality with the account of morality presented by Beauchamp and Childress in their book, The Principles of Biomedical Ethics. It offers a general critique ... More


 Morality

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes between morality, the informal public system that people use when making moral decisions, and a moral theory, which provides an explanation and justification of morality. ... More


The Good Will Reading Meshes With Major Ideas of Kant's Ethics

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that reading ‘humanity’ in the humanity formulation as good will provides the best fit between the humanity formulation and other major themes of Kant’s ethics. An analysis of ... More


Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Larry S. Temkin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

In choosing between moral alternatives—choosing between various forms of ethical action—we typically make calculations of the following kind: A is better than B; B is better than C; therefore A is ... More


Some Big Pictures

Richard Dean

in The Value of Humanity in Kant's Moral Theory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199285723
eISBN:
9780191603938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285721.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter makes three large-scale points about the positions developed in the book. First, it explains that taking good will as an end in itself is consistent with Jerome Schneewind’s emphasis on ... More


Moral Ideals

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes moral ideals from utilitarian ideals, religious ideals, and personal ideals. It examines the concept of the summum bonum, and its relationship to happiness and the virtues. ... More


On the Nature of Moral Ideals: Part I

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

A fundamentally important question for practical reasoning is how best to understand the goodness of outcomes and the nature of moral ideals: Is the Internal Aspects View correct, is the Essentially ... More


On the Nature of Moral Ideals: Part II

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores further the Essentially Comparative View. It argues that the Essentially Comparative View has great plausibility and that, for many, adopting the Internal Aspects View for all ... More


Part I The Moral System

Bernard Gert

in Common Morality: Deciding What to Do

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195173710
eISBN:
9780199785926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173716.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part I describes the moral system, including the moral rules, moral ideals, morally relevant features, and the two-step procedure for determining when a violation of a moral rules is strongly ... More


Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Bernard Gert

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality: Its Nature and Justification provides an analysis of the concepts of morality, rationality and irrationality, reasons, goods and evils, moral rules, and impartiality. It uses ... More


The Motive Skeptic

Anita M. Superson

in The Moral Skeptic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195376623
eISBN:
9780199871551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376623.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

This chapter examines whether we need, for a complete defeat of skepticism, to defeat the motive skeptic, who is not an action skeptic, yet believes there no rational requirements on the relevant ... More


Introduction

Larry S. Temkin

in Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199759446
eISBN:
9780199932214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759446.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to illuminate some of the key assumptions to which many are firmly committed regarding the nature of the good, moral ideals, ... More


Law as a Moral Idea

Nigel Simmonds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199552191
eISBN:
9780191701597
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552191.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This book argues that the institutions of law, and the structures of legal thought, are to be understood by reference to a moral ideal. The idea of law is an ideal of freedom, or independence from ... More


Common Morality: Deciding What to Do

Bernard Gert

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195173710
eISBN:
9780199785926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173716.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The first part of this book provides a detailed description of the moral system that is commonly used, although usually only implicitly, by people when they are making thoughtful moral decisions and ... More


Whistleblowing

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

As professionals, engineers live by codes of ethics that ascribe to them a paramount obligation to protect the safety, health, and welfare of the public, an obligation that frequently implies ... More


The Intrinsic Value of Economic Equality

Andrei Marmor

in Law in the Age of Pluralism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195338478
eISBN:
9780199855360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195338478.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter focuses on the value of economic equality. Harry Frankfurt and Joseph Raz, among others, have argued that economic equality is not intrinsically valuable. Their argument rests on the ... More


The Law of Religious Liberty in a Tolerant Society

Brian Leiter

in Why Tolerate Religion?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163543
eISBN:
9781400852345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163543.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter confronts the question of what to do about our Sikh boy and rural boy discussed in the introduction if there really is no reason to tolerate only the former's claim of conscience for ... More


Approaching the Moral Ideal: National Morality, the State, and “Dangerous Thought”

Richard M Reitan

in Making a Moral Society: Ethics and the State in Meiji Japan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824832940
eISBN:
9780824870591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824832940.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the national morality movement (kokumin dōtoku), a state-sponsored articulation of a “unique Japanese morality,” and its opposition to the so-called “dangerous thought.” ... More


Introduction

Brian Leiter

in Why Tolerate Religion?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163543
eISBN:
9781400852345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163543.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This introductory chapter sets out the book's focus, namely the question of why the state should have to tolerate exemptions from generally applicable laws when they conflict with religious ... More


Moral Ideals

John Deigh

in From Psychology to Morality: Essays in Ethical Naturalism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190878597
eISBN:
9780190878627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190878597.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This essay is a critical study of Bernard Gert’s theory of morality. The thrust of the criticism of Gert’s theory is that it represents an impoverished conception of morality because it takes ... More


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