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How Good Is the Linguistic Analogy ?

Susan Dwyer

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A nativist moral psychology, modeled on the successes of theoretical linguistics, provides the best framework for explaining the acquisition of moral capacities and the diversity of moral judgment ... More


Linguistics and Moral Theorys 1

Erica Roedder and Gilbert Harman

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter describes various issues suggested by the analogy between morality and linguistics. The first part discusses what might be involved in a generative “moral grammar”. The second part ... More


BOTTOM‐UP AND DEVELOPMENTAL APPROACHES

Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen

in Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right from Wrong

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374049
eISBN:
9780199871889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374049.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter surveys bottom‐up approaches to the development of artificial moral agents. These approaches apply methods from machine learning, Kohlberg's theory of moral development, and techniques ... More


Moral Grammar and Human Rights: Some Reflections on Cognitive Science and Enlightenment Rationalism

John Mikhail

in Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195371895
eISBN:
9780199979127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371895.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In Chapter 7, cognitive science and legal John Mikhail reviews the mind sciences for evidence of what he calls “universal moral grammar”—a moral organ that is now an innate feature like linguistic ... More


Neuroscience and Legal Theory: Jurisprudence, Morality, and Economics

Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson

in Minds, Brains, and Law: The Conceptual Foundations of Law and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199812134
eISBN:
9780199368594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812134.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

This chapter discusses several issues at the intersection of neuroscience and legal theory. It first considers claims about how neuroscience may illuminate issues in general jurisprudence. It then ... More


Contemporary Humean Moral Pluralisms

Michael B. Gill

in Humean Moral Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714033
eISBN:
9780191782480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714033.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Humean moral pluralism comprises three claims: (1) sentiment plays an essential role in moral judgment; (2) our moral judgments are based on a multiplicity of independent ultimate ends; (3) the ... More


From Skills to Norms

Kim Sterelny

in The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262016797
eISBN:
9780262302814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016797.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter has three objectives. First, it critiques moral nativism, especially the version that is modelled on Chomsky’s linguistic nativism, showing that moral nativists massively understate the ... More


Reasoning beyond Consequences

Joshua May

in Regard for Reason in the Moral Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198811572
eISBN:
9780191848452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811572.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Experimental research demonstrates that moral judgment involves both conscious and unconscious reasoning or inference that is not mere post-hoc rationalization. The evidence suggests in particular ... More


Motives for Punishment

Jan-Willem van Prooijen

in The Moral Punishment Instinct

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780190609979
eISBN:
9780190610005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190609979.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter introduces utilitarian versus retributive (i.e., deontological) motives to punish. Utilitarian motives aim to prevent further harm from occurring; retributive motives aim to make ... More


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