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Moral Reality

Paul Bloomfield

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137132
eISBN:
9780199833092
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137132.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book is a work in metaethics, constituting a defense of moral realism. The book begins with what I call a “modest transcendental argument” for the existence of the property of moral goodness ... More


Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751808
eISBN:
9780199894840
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751808.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book defends an interconnected set of moral arguments for God's existence by arguing that classical theism better explains moral duty, freedom, and responsibility than naturalism does. After ... More


Conclusion: Sincerity and Being Right

John Kilcullen

in Sincerity and Truth: Essays on Arnauld, Bayle, and Toleration

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266914
eISBN:
9780191683114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266914.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues against certain aspects in Baylea's moral theory and considers what effect rejecting them has on his case for toleration. Bayle identifies moral goodness with deserving praise and ... More


Moral Metaphysics: Reality Unobserved

Paul Bloomfield

in Moral Reality

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137132
eISBN:
9780199833092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137132.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The property of physical health is presented as a model for moral goodness, and a primer on being healthy follows. Healthiness is understood in terms of proper biological function. Conventionalism ... More


Perfectly Good and a Source of Moral Obligation

Richard Swinburne

in The Coherence of Theism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198240709
eISBN:
9780191598586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198240708.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The morally good action is the overall good action, one that there is overriding reason to do. Morally, good actions include both obligatory actions and supererogatory good actions. There are three ... More


Moral Goodness

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the last of five chapters on good, and examines moral goodness. Ross explains the concept of morally good as either being a certain sort of character or being related in one of certain ... More


A New Kind of Reference‐Fixing

Michael Slote

in Moral Sentimentalism

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391442
eISBN:
9780199866250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391442.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers a specific account of the meaning of moral terms based on semi‐Kripkean theory that fixes the reference of right, wrong, and the like in relation to feelings of warmth and chill ... More


The Good and the True

Michael Morris

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239444
eISBN:
9780191679919
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239444.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

This book provides a radical alternative to naturalistic theories of content, and offers a new conception of the place of mind in the world. Confronting head-on the scientific conception of the ... More


Disgusting Happiness

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

An ancient objection to eudaimonism is based on the idea of “disgusting happiness”. Steven Cahn developed an interesting version of this objection based on a fictional character—Judah Rosenthal, from ... More


Degrees of Goodness

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the fourth of five chapters on good, and looks at the question of whether goods are commensurable—measurable in degrees. As a preliminary, the question is asked as to whether pleasures are ... More


Ethical Intuitionism

P. F. Strawson

in Philosophical Writings

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199587292
eISBN:
9780191728747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587292.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter examines the question of how, if moral rightness or goodness is unanalyzable, we can come to know what acts are right. It is particularly concerned with intuition and its role in ethical ... More


“Generous to a Fault”: Moral Goodness and Psychic Health

Ruth W. Grant

in In Search of Goodness

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226306834
eISBN:
9780226306858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226306858.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter, which challenges the determination of altruism with moral goodness and the presumption that altruism and egoism are mutually exclusive, utilizes Shel Silverstein's The Giving Tree in ... More


Justice

John Casey

in Pagan Virtue: An Essay in Ethics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240037
eISBN:
9780191680069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240037.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter reveals justice to be the outcome of some very general harmony in a man's personality, and to denote the most general sort of moral goodness. The chapter suggests that it is because we ... More


Toward God’s Own Ethics

Mark C. Murphy

in Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199669776
eISBN:
9780191778650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669776.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In characterizations of the Anselmian God — that is, God as an absolutely perfect being — it is common to ascribe perfect moral goodness to God. This moral goodness is, furthermore, of a familiar ... More


Species Concepts and Natural Goodness

Judith K. Crane and Ronald Sandler

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends a pluralist understanding of species on which a normative species concept is viable and can support natural goodness evaluations. The central question here is thus: Since ... More


Integrity: Form and Content

Jeffrey Blustein

in Care and Commitment: Taking the Personal Point of View

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067996
eISBN:
9780199852895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067996.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter discusses why integrity is not sufficient for moral goodness. It provides explanations on issues whether persons can have integrity no matter what principles or commitments they hold, so ... More


The Hardest Cases

Colin Marshall

in Compassionate Moral Realism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809685
eISBN:
9780191846953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809685.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers three groups of cases that seem to threaten the connection between being in touch and paradigmatic moral goodness. It is argued that, more carefully considered, an appeal to ... More


The Meaning of ‘Right’

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This first chapter of Ross's book is devoted to an inquiry into the meaning of right. The interest throughout is ethical, with value only being discussed as far as it seems relevant. The first aspect ... More


Progress in Spirit: Freud and Kristeva on the Uncanny

RICHARD KEARNEY and KASCHA SEMONOVITCH

in Phenomenologies of the Stranger: Between Hostility and Hospitality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823234615
eISBN:
9780823240722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823234615.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Who is this Stranger within, this interior haunting that makes us Strangers to ourselves in the way Antigone experienced? Sigmund Freud alerts us to the hidden place in our psyches where the strange ... More


Time of Trial

Frances Howard-Snyder

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 9

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845492
eISBN:
9780191880698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845492.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Some philosophers have argued that value and modality might be such that even God, an omnipotent being, could be forced into a tragic dilemma where every available choice is wrong, and hence fail to ... More


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