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Practical Reason in Law and Morality

Neil MacCormick

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198268772
eISBN:
9780191713071
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268772.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The concept of practical reason is central to contemporary thought on ethics and the philosophy of law — acting well means acting for good reasons. Explaining this requires several stages. How do ... More


Rousseau’s Conception of Freedom

Mark Philp and Z. A. Pelczynski

in Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199645060
eISBN:
9780191741616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645060.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Plamenatz examines a range of different senses in which Rousseau uses the term freedom, drawing from across his works. While there are Hobbesian elements there are also commitments that Hobbes could ... More


Freedom and That Which Depends on Us: Epictetus and Early Stoics

Susanne Bobzien

in Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247677
eISBN:
9780191597091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247676.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Central passages: Plutarch, Aud. Poet. 33d, Epictetus, Enchiridion 53.1, Seneca Letters 107.10; Hippolytus, Refutation of all Heresies 1.21.2 Eleutheria (freedom) was an indispensable philosophical ... More


The Ideal of a Rational Morality

MARCUS GEORGE SINGER

in The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the ideal of a rational morality. Topics discussed include the systematic ambiguity of ‘morality’, positive and rational ... More


Happiness and Human Flourishing

Thomas E. Hill

in Human Welfare and Moral Worth: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252633
eISBN:
9780191597695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252637.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Reviews the role of happiness in Kant's moral and political philosophy and contrasts his ideas of happiness with ideas of human flourishing prominent in ancient philosophy. It considers possible ... More


Christianity and Conservative Historiography: Herbert Butterfield, Cambridge, and the Greater World

Reba N. Soffer

in History, Historians, and Conservatism in Britain and America: From the Great War to Thatcher and Reagan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199208111
eISBN:
9780191709210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208111.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

While also discussing Geoffrey Elton and George Kitson Clark, this chapter concentrates on Butterfield, who spoke to the wide audience that listened to the BBC, lectured throughout Britain and ... More


The Strange Hybridity of Spinoza's Ethics

Catherine Wilson

in Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195177602
eISBN:
9780199835553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195177606.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter shows how Spinoza's severe ontology is at odds with his commitment to the general ethical program. It then tries to explain why, as a recent commentator expresses it, “Spinoza's ethical ... More


Same-Sex Marriage, the Right to Religious and Moral Freedom, and the Catholic Church

Michael John Perry

in More than a Monologue: Sexual Diversity and the Catholic Church: Inquiry, Thought, and Expression

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780823257621
eISBN:
9780823261581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823257621.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter addresses the legal dimensions of same-sex marriage from the vantage of the legal categories of religious and moral freedom as well as of widely accepted international doctrine on human ... More


Taking Liberties with Utilitarianism

Elijah Millgram

in John Stuart Mill and the Meaning of Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190873240
eISBN:
9780190873271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873240.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

J. S. Mill’s argument for the Principle of Liberty is shaped by a concern with moral freedom. ‘Genius’—figuring things out for yourself—fosters moral freedom; Mill understands originality as a higher ... More


The Right to Religious and Moral Freedom

Michael J. Perry

in Religion and Human Rights: An Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199733453
eISBN:
9780190258269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199733453.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the right to religious and moral freedom, first by considering the provisions set forth in Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. In particular, ... More


Conclusion

Jacqueline Broad

in The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716815
eISBN:
9780191785382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716815.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

At first glance, Mary Astell’s moral theology appears to be far removed from present-day feminist philosophical concerns. This final chapter highlights those aspects of Astell’s ethical thought that ... More


Natural Law Constructivism and Rational Justification

Kenneth R. Westphal

in How Hume and Kant Reconstruct Natural Law: Justifying Strict Objectivity without Debating Moral Realism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198747055
eISBN:
9780191809200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747055.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Uniquely, Natural Law Constructivism can resolve the key challenge to rational justification posed by the Pyrrhonian Dilemma of the Criterion. Hume’s and Kant’s constructivist method is both sound ... More


On Every Putrid Spot

Mark Wahlgren Summers

in The Ordeal of the Reunion: A New History of Reconstruction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781469617572
eISBN:
9781469617596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469617572.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter focuses on social changes in the postwar years. States rewrote their constitutions, expanding the scope of government's responsibilities. They gave more explicit protection to basic ... More


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