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The Common Point of View

Rachel Cohon

in Hume's Morality: Feeling and Fabrication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199268443
eISBN:
9780191708565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268443.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question how an emotion-based theory of moral discrimination, one that in many ways assimilates moral cognition to color sensation, can explain the fundamental expectation ... More


MORAL VISION

Dominic McIver Lopes

in Sight and Sensibility: Evaluating Pictures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199277346
eISBN:
9780191602641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199277346.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Scepticism about the power of pictures to convey moral messages and to improve the quality of moral reflection is unfounded, as is scepticism about links between moral and aesthetic evaluation. ... More


Preliminaries: Morality, Consequentialism, Welfarism

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses why welfarism is worth elaborating upon. It explains why a person-centered view of morality and consequentialism are both plausible premises, and why even the reader who ... More


The Discursive Construction of Legitimation

Theo Van Leeuwen

in Discourse and Practice: New Tools for Critical Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323306
eISBN:
9780199869251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323306.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter investigates how legitimations are added to representations of social practices, and how the same practices may be legitimized differently in different contexts. Key categories of ... More


Introduction

Philippa Foot

in Natural Goodness

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235088
eISBN:
9780191597428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235089.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The aim of the book is to determine the category to which the moral evaluation of human actions belongs. This involves making certain distinctions in the logical grammar of evaluations. Drawing upon ... More


Human Goodness

Philippa Foot

in Natural Goodness

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235088
eISBN:
9780191597428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235089.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Foot considers the difference between calling a plant and an animal ‘good’ and calling a human being ‘good’; in the former case we think of the plant or animal as a whole, while in the latter we are ... More


Moral Evaluation and Conceptual Analysis in Jurisprudential Methodology

John Oberdiek and Dennis Patterson

in Law and Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199237159
eISBN:
9780191705427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237159.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Analytic general jurisprudence has become increasingly attentive to its own methodology in recent years. No longer content with its traditional first-order questions revolving around the varieties, ... More


The Moral Attitudes

Frank Palmer

in Literature and Moral Understanding: A Philosophical Essay on Ethics, Aesthetics, Education, and Culture

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242321
eISBN:
9780191680441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242321.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

In responding to literary fiction, it is essential that people have moral responses to fictional characters. It is unintelligible to suppose that access could be gained to understanding ... More


The Evolution of a Sense of Morality

Dennis L. Krebs

in Creating Consilience: Integrating the Sciences and the Humanities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794393
eISBN:
9780199919338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794393.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Refinements in Darwin's theory of the origin of morality create a framework equipped to organize and integrate relevant contemporary theory and research. Morality originated in social instincts or ... More


Moral Authority and Moral Competence

Jacqueline A. Taylor

in Reflecting Subjects: Passion, Sympathy, and Society in Hume's Philosophy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198729525
eISBN:
9780191796395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729525.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

When we turn from Hume’s social theory and moral psychology to his Book 3 system of ethics in the Treatise, it is notable that Book 2’s deep and detailed account of social difference and social ... More


Truth or Economics: On the Definition, Prediction, and Relevance of Economic Efficiency

Richard S. Markovits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300114591
eISBN:
9780300145229
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300114591.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Is economic efficiency a sound basis upon which to make public policy or legal decisions? This book considers the way in which scholars and public decision-makers define, predict, and assess the ... More


‘Crime is Crime is Crime’: British Counter-Terrorism in Northern Ireland

Timothy Shanahan

in The Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Morality of Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635290
eISBN:
9780748652884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635290.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

It is a truism that counter-terrorism activities can cause harm greater than the terrorism they are intended to combat; yet such activities frequently proceed without their agents engaging in ... More


When the Law Makers are the Law Breakers: State Terrorism

Timothy Shanahan

in The Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Morality of Terrorism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748635290
eISBN:
9780748652884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748635290.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

It is frequently assumed that if terrorism is morally wrong, then terrorism practised by the state is necessarily even worse. To evaluate this accusation of state terrorism, and the moral judgement ... More


Norms Inform Mental State Ascriptions: A Rational Explanation for the Side-Effect Effect

Kevin Uttich and Tania Lombrozo

in Experimental Philosophy: Volume 2

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199927418
eISBN:
9780190267698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199927418.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explains how norms influence mental state ascriptions by examining the relationship between prescriptive norms (moral and conventional) and ascriptions of intentional action. According ... More


Talk about old age, health and morality

Outi Jolanki

in Valuing older people: A humanist approach to ageing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422927
eISBN:
9781447304173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422927.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter presents some findings of a discourse-analytical study of meanings conferred on old age and health in the talk of older people themselves. Definitions of health and old age entail both ... More


Neutral Principles or “Objective” Standards: Their Relevance and Attainability

Kent Greenawalt

in Interpreting the Constitution

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199756155
eISBN:
9780190297527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756155.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Given the multiplicity and complexity of standards of possible interpretation, is it possible to attain neutral principles or objective standards? For this inquiry, one can focus on what judges write ... More


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